- Interstate 70 in Colorado
Interstate Highways in Colorado with I-70 in red
Route information Maintained by Colorado Department of Transportation Length: 449.589 mi (723.543 km) History: Designated in 1956
Completed in 1992
Major junctions West end: I-70 / US-6 / US-50 at Utah state line US 50 in Grand Junction
US 24 near Vail
US 40 near Empire
SH 470 near Golden
I-76 in Arvada
I-25 / US 87 in Denver
I-270 / US 36 in Denver
I-225 in Aurora
US 40 / US 287 in Aurora
E-470 in Aurora
US 24 in Limon
East end: I-70 / US-24 at Kansas state line Highway system ← SH 69 SH 71 →
Interstate 70 (I-70) is a transcontinental Interstate Highway in the United States, stretching from Cove Fort, Utah to Baltimore, Maryland. In Colorado, the highway traverses an east–west route across the center of the state. In western Colorado, the highway connects the metropolitan areas of Grand Junction and Denver via a route through the Rocky Mountains. In eastern Colorado, the highway crosses the Great Plains, connecting Denver with metropolitan areas in Kansas and Missouri. Bicycles and other non-motorized vehicles, normally prohibited on Interstate Highways, are allowed on those stretches of I-70 in the Rockies where no other through route exists.
The U.S. Department of Transportation (USDOT) lists the construction of I-70 among the engineering marvels undertaken in the Interstate Highway system, and cites four major accomplishments: the section through the Dakota Hogback, Eisenhower Tunnel, Vail Pass and Glenwood Canyon. The Eisenhower Tunnel, with a maximum elevation of 11,158 feet (3,401 m) and length of 1.7 miles (2.7 km), is the longest mountain tunnel and highest point along the Interstate Highway System. The portion through Glenwood Canyon was completed on October 14, 1992. This was one of the final pieces of the Interstate Highway System to open to traffic, and is one of the most expensive rural highways per mile built in the United States. The Colorado Department of Transportation (CDOT) earned the 1993 Outstanding Civil Engineering Achievement Award from the American Society of Civil Engineers for the completion of I-70 through the canyon.
When the Interstate Highway system was in the planning stages, the western terminus of I-70 was proposed to be at Denver. The portion west of Denver was included into the plans after lobbying by Governor Edwin C. Johnson, for whom one of the tunnels along I-70 is named. East of Idaho Springs, I-70 was built along the corridor of U.S. Highway 40, one of the original transcontinental U.S. Highways. West of Idaho Springs, I-70 was built along the route of U.S. Highway 6, which was extended into Colorado during the 1930s.
- 1 Route description
- 2 History
- 3 Exit list
- 4 See also
- 5 References
- 6 External links
I-70 enters Colorado from Utah, concurrent with US 6 and US 50, on a plateau between the north rim of Ruby Canyon of the Colorado River and the south rim of the Book Cliffs. The plateau ends just past the state line and the highway descends into the Grand Valley, formed by the Colorado River and its tributaries. The Grand Valley is home to several towns and small cities that form the Grand Junction Metropolitan Statistical Area, locally known as the Western Slope. The highway directly serves the communities of Fruita, Grand Junction and Palisade. Grand Junction is the largest city between Denver and Salt Lake City and serves as the economic hub of the area. The freeway passes to the north of downtown, while US 6 and 50 retain their original routes through downtown. US 6 rejoins I-70 east of Grand Junction; US 50 departs on a course toward Pueblo.
I-70 exits the valley through De Beque Canyon, a path carved by the Colorado River that separates the Book Cliffs from Battlement Mesa. The river and its tributaries provide the course for the ascent up the Rocky Mountains. In the canyon, I-70 enters the Beavertail Mountain Tunnel, the first of several tunnels built to route the freeway across the Rockies. This tunnel design features a curved sidewall, unusual for tunnels in the United States, where most tunnels feature a curved roof and flat side-walls. Engineers borrowed a European design to give the tunnel added strength. After the canyon winds past the Book Cliffs, the highway follows the Colorado River through a valley containing the communities of Parachute and Rifle.
Approaching the city of Glenwood Springs, the highway enters Glenwood Canyon. Both the federal and state departments of transportation have praised the engineering achievement required to build the freeway through the narrow gorge while preserving the natural beauty of the canyon. A 12-mile (19 km) section of roadway features the No Name Tunnel, Hanging Lake Tunnel, Reverse Curve Tunnel, 40 bridges and viaducts, and miles of retaining walls. Through a significant portion of the canyon, the eastbound lanes extend cantilevered over the Colorado River and the westbound lanes are suspended on a viaduct several feet above the canyon floor. Along this run, the freeway hugs the north bank of the Colorado River, while the main line of the former Denver and Rio Grande Western Railroad (now part of Union Pacific) occupies the south bank.
To minimize the hazards along this portion, a command center staffed with emergency response vehicles and tow trucks on standby monitors cameras along the tunnels and viaducts in the canyon. Traffic signals have been placed at strategic locations to stop traffic in the event of an accident, and variable message signs equipped with radar guns will automatically warn motorists exceeding the design speed of one of the curves. Usually prohibited along Interstate Highways, the USDOT has provisions for bicycles along the freeway corridor in Glenwood Canyon.
The highway departs the Colorado River near Dotsero, the name given to the railroad separation for the two primary mountain crossings, the original via Tennessee Pass/Royal Gorge and the newer and shorter Moffat Tunnel route. I-70 uses a separate route between the two rail corridors. From this junction I-70 follows the Eagle River toward Vail Pass, at an elevation of 10,666 feet (3,251 m). In this canyon I-70 reaches the western terminus of U.S. Highway 24, which meanders through the Rockies before rejoining I-70. US 24 is known as the Highway of the Fourteeners, from the concentration of mountains exceeding 14,000 feet (4,300 m) along the highway corridor. Along the ascent, I-70 serves the ski resort town of Vail and the ski areas of Beaver Creek Resort, Vail Ski Resort and Copper Mountain.
The construction of the freeway over Vail Pass is also listed as an engineering marvel. One of the challenges of this portion is the management of the wildlife that roams this area. Several parts of the approach to the pass feature large fences that prevent wildlife from crossing the freeway and direct the animals to one of several underpasses. At least one underpass is located along a natural migratory path and has been landscaped to encourage deer to cross.
The highway descends to Dillon Reservoir, near the town of Frisco, and begins one final ascent to the Eisenhower Tunnel, where the freeway crosses the Continental Divide. At the time of dedication, this tunnel was the highest vehicular tunnel in the world, at 11,158 feet (3,401 m). As of 2010, it is still the highest vehicular tunnel in the United States; but there are now higher tunnels elsewhere, such as the Fenghuoshan Tunnel in China. The Eisenhower Tunnel is noted as both the longest mountain tunnel and highest point on the Interstate Highway System. The tunnel has a command center, staffed with 52 full-time employees, to monitor traffic, remove stranded vehicles, and maintain generators to keep the tunnel's lighting and ventilation systems running in the event of a power failure. Signals are placed at each entrance and at various points inside the tunnel to close lanes or stop traffic in an emergency. There are several active and former ski resorts in the vicinity of the tunnel, including Breckenridge Ski Resort, Keystone Resort, Arapahoe Basin, Loveland Ski Area, Berthoud Pass Ski Area and Winter Park Resort.
The freeway follows Clear Creek down the eastern side of the Rockies, passing through the Twin Tunnel near Idaho Springs. Farther to the east, I-70 departs the US 6 corridor, which continues to follow Clear Creek through a narrow, curving gorge. The interstate, however, follows the corridor of US 40 out of the canyon. The highway crests a small mountain near Genesee Park to descend into Mount Vernon Canyon to exit the Rocky Mountains. This portion features grade-warning signs with unusual phrasings, such as "Trucks: Don't be fooled," "Truckers, you are not down yet," and "Are your brakes adjusted and cool?" Runaway truck ramps are a prominent feature along this portion of I-70, with a total of seven used along the descent of either side the Continental Divide to stop trucks with failed brakes.
The last geographic feature of the Rocky Mountains traversed before the highway reaches the Great Plains is the Dakota Hogback. The path through the hogback features a massive cut that exposes various layers of rock millions of years old. The site includes a nature study area for visitors.
As the freeway passes from the Rocky Mountains to the Great Plains, I-70 enters the Denver metropolitan area, part of a larger urban area called the Front Range Urban Corridor. The freeway arcs around the northern edge of the LoDo district, the common name of the downtown area of Denver. Through the downtown area, US 40 is routed along Colfax Avenue, which served as the primary east–west artery through the Denver area before the construction of I-70. Through downtown, US 6 is routed along 6th Avenue before departing the I-70 corridor to join Interstate 76 on a northeast course toward Nebraska. The freeway meets Interstate 25 in an interchange frequently called the Mousetrap.
I-70 has one official branch in Colorado, Interstate 270, which connects the interstate with the Denver–Boulder Turnpike. Where these two freeways merge is the busiest portion of I-70 in the state, with an annual average daily traffic of 183,000 vehicles per day. While State Highway 470 and E-470 are not officially branches of I-70, they are remnants of plans for an Interstate 470 beltway around Denver that were cancelled when the allocated funds were spent elsewhere.
Leaving Denver, the highway serves the redevelopment areas on the former site of Stapleton International Airport. East of Aurora, I-70 rejoins the alignment of U.S. Highway 40 at Colfax Avenue. The freeway proceeds east across the Great Plains, briefly dipping south to serve the city of Limon, which bills itself as Hub City because of the many rail and road arteries that intersect there. I-70 enters Kansas near Burlington, a small community known for having one of the oldest carousels in the United States.
As first proposed in 1944, the western terminus of I-70 was Denver, along the corridor of US 40. The portion across the Rocky Mountains was added to the plans, after lobbying by Colorado officials, following the US 6 corridor. The origins of both the US 40 and US 6 pre-date the U.S. System of numbered highways, using established transcontinental trails.
Before the formation of the United States Numbered Highways, the U.S. relied on an informal network of roads, organized by various competing interests, collectively called the auto trail system. The surveyors of most trails chose either South Pass in Wyoming or a southern route through New Mexico to traverse the Rocky Mountains. Both options were less formidable than the higher mountain passes in Colorado, but left the state without a transcontinental artery. When the planners of the Lincoln Highway also decided to cross the Rockies in Wyoming, officials pressed for a loop to branch from the main route in Nebraska, enter Colorado, and return to the main route in Wyoming. While the Lincoln Highway was briefly routed this way, the loop proved impractical and was soon removed.
After losing the connection to the Lincoln Highway, officials convinced planners of the Victory Highway to traverse the state. The highway entered Colorado from Kansas along what was previously called the Smoky Hill Trail. The highway crossed the mountains along a trail blazed by a railroad surveyor and captain in the American Civil War, cresting at Berthoud Pass. After a round of political infighting between Utah and Nevada, the Victory Highway would become the Lincoln Highway's main rival for San Francisco–bound traffic. When the U.S. Highway system was unveiled in 1926, the Victory Highway was numbered U.S. Highway 40.
While US 6 was also one of the original 1926 U.S. Highways, the road originally served the portion of the United States east of the Rocky Mountains. The highway was not extended to the Pacific coast until 1937, mostly following the Midland Trail. Around the time the U.S. Highway system was formed, the portion of the Midland Trail through Glenwood Canyon, known as the Taylor State Road, was destroyed by a flood. When US 6 was extended, the Works Progress Administration was rebuilding the road through the canyon and the Public Works Administration was nearing completion of a new highway over Vail Pass. In western Colorado, US 6 was routed concurrent with US 50 from the Utah state line to Grand Junction and eventually replaced US 24 from Grand Junction to near Vail. To keep these routes over the Rockies competitive with alternatives in other states, the Colorado Department of Highways relied on ingenuity to keep the roads safe. The department pioneered new machines to clear snow and various bridge and culvert designs to protect the roads from flooding.
Interstate Highway planning
Governor Edwin C. Johnson, for whom one of the tunnels along I-70 was later named, was a primary force in persuading the planners of the Interstate Highway System to extend the highway across the state. He stated to the Senate subcommittee:
You are going to have a four-lane highway through Wyoming. You are going to build two four-lane highways through New Mexico and Arizona. Colorado needs to be able to compete with our neighboring states. We do not want to take anything away from them. We do not want them to get way out ahead of us, either, because these interstate highways are going to be very attractive highways for the East and West to travel on.
Colorado held several meetings to convince reluctant Utah officials they would benefit from a freeway link between Denver and Salt Lake City. Utah officials expressed concerns that, given the terrain between these cities, this link would be difficult to build. They later expressed concerns that the construction would drain resources from completing Interstate Highways they deemed to have a higher priority. Colorado officials persisted, presenting three alternatives to route I-70 west of Denver, using the corridors of US 40, US 6 and a route starting at Pueblo, proceeding west along US 50/285/24. In March 1955, Colorado officials succeeded in convincing Utah officials with the state legislature passing a resolution supporting a link with Denver. The two states jointly issued a proposal to the U.S. Congress that would extend the plans for I-70 along the US 6 corridor. Under this proposal the freeway would terminate at I-15 near Spanish Fork, Utah, linking the Front Range and Wasatch Front metropolitan areas.
Congress approved the extension of I-70; however, the route still had to be approved by the representatives of the U.S. military on the planning committee. Military representatives were concerned that plans for this new highway network did not have a direct connection from the central U.S. to southern California; and further felt Salt Lake City was adequately connected. Military planners approved the extension, but moved the western terminus south to Cove Fort, using I-70 as part of a link between Denver with Los Angeles instead of Salt Lake City. Utah officials objected to the modification, complaining they were being asked to build a long and expensive freeway that would serve no populated areas of the state. After being told this was the only way the military would approve the extension, Utah officials agreed to build the freeway along the approved route.
The first Colorado portion of I-70 opened to traffic in 1961. This section bypassed and linked Idaho Springs to the junction where US 6 currently separates from I-70 east of the city. The majority of the alignment through Denver was completed by 1964. The Mousetrap reused some structures that were built in 1951, before the formation of the Interstate Highway system. The last piece east of Denver opened to traffic in 1977.
Planning on how to route the freeway over the Rocky Mountains began in the early 1960s. The US 6 corridor crosses two passes: Loveland Pass, at an elevation of 11,992 feet (3,655 m) and Vail Pass, at 10,666 feet (3,251 m). Engineers recommended tunneling under Loveland Pass to bypass the steep grades and hairpin curves required to navigate US 6. The project was originally called the Straight Creek Tunnel, after the waterway that runs along the western approach. The tunnel was later renamed the Eisenhower – Johnson Memorial Tunnel, after U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower and Colorado Governor Edwin C. Johnson.
Construction on the first bore of the tunnel was started on March 15, 1968. Construction efforts suffered many setbacks and the project went well over time and budget. One of the biggest setbacks was the discovery of fault lines in the path of the tunnel that were not discovered during the pilot bores. These faults began to slip during construction and emergency measures had to be taken to protect the tunnels and workers from cave-ins and collapses. A total of nine workers were killed during the construction of both bores. Further complicating construction was that the boring machines could not work as fast as expected at such high altitudes, and the productivity was significantly less than planned. The frustration prompted one engineer to comment, "We were going by the book, but the damned mountain couldn't read". The first bore was dedicated March 8, 1973. Initially this tunnel was used for two-way traffic, with one lane for each direction. The amount of traffic through the tunnel exceeded predictions, and efforts soon began to expedite construction on the second tube (the Johnson bore), which was finished on December 21, 1979. The initial engineering cost estimate for the Eisenhower bore was $42 million; the actual cost was $108 million (equivalent to $534 million today). Approximately 90% of the funds were paid by the federal government, with the state of Colorado paying the rest. At the time, this figure set a record for the most expensive federally aided project. The excavation cost for the Johnson bore was $102.8 million (equivalent to $311 million today).
The tunnel construction became unintentionally involved in the women's rights movement when Janet Bonnema was given a position in the construction of the Straight Creek Tunnel project. After 18 months on the job, however, she had still not entered the tunnel. There was opposition to a woman entering the construction site; one supervisor stated that if she entered, "Those workers would flat walk out of that there tunnel and they'd never come back". Emboldened by the passage of an equal rights law in Colorado, she finally entered the tunnel on November 9, 1972. Several workers did walk off the job, but most returned the next day.
While designing the Eisenhower Tunnel, controversies erupted over how to build the portions over Vail Pass and Glenwood Canyon. The route of US 6 over Vail Pass has a distinctive "V" shape. Initially engineers thought they could shorten the route of I-70 by about 10 miles (16 km) by tunneling from Gore Creek to South Willow Creek, an alternative known as the Red Buffalo Tunnel. This alternative sparked a nationwide controversy as it would require an easement across federally protected lands, through what is now called the Eagles Nest Wilderness. After the U.S. Secretary of Agriculture refused to grant the easement, the engineers agreed to follow the existing route across Vail Pass. The engineers added infrastructure to accommodate wildlife, and had significant portions of the viaducts constructed offsite and lifted in place to minimize the environmental footprint.
Glenwood Canyon has served as the primary transportation artery through the Rocky Mountains, even before the creation of U.S. highways. Railroads have used the canyon since 1887 and a dirt road was built through the canyon in the early 20th century. The first paved road was built from 1936 to 1938 at a cost of $1.5 million (equivalent to $23 million today).
With the Eisenhower Tunnel finished, the last remaining obstacle for I-70 to be an interstate commercial artery was the two lane, non-freeway portion in Glenwood Canyon. Construction had started on this section in the 1960s with a small section opening to traffic in 1966. The remainder was stopped due to environmentalist protests that caused a 30-year controversy. The original design was criticized as "the epitome of environmental insensitivity". Engineers scrapped the original plans and started work on a new design that would minimize additional environmental impacts. A new design was underway by 1971, which was approved in 1975; however, environmental groups filed lawsuits to stop construction, and the controversy continued even when construction finally resumed in 1981. The final design included 40 bridges and viaducts, three additional tunnel bores (two were completed before construction was stopped in the 1960s) and 15 miles (24 km) of retaining walls for a stretch of freeway 12 miles (19 km) long. The project was further complicated by the need to build the four-lane freeway without disturbing the operations of the railroad. This required using special and coordinated blasting techniques. Engineers designed two separate tracks for the highway, one elevated above the other, to minimize the footprint in the canyon. The final design was praised for its environmental sensitivity. A Denver architect who helped design the freeway proclaimed, "Most of the people in western Colorado see it as having preserved the canyon." He further stated, "I think pieces of the highway elevate to the standard of public art." A portion of the project included shoring up the banks of the Colorado River to repair damage and remove flow restrictions created in the initial construction of US 6 in the 1930s.
The freeway was finally completed on October 14, 1992, in a ceremony covered nationwide. Most coverage celebrated the engineering achievement or noted this was the last major piece of the Interstate Highway System to open to traffic. However, newspapers in western Colorado celebrated the end of the frustrating traffic delays. For most of the final 10 years of construction, only a single lane of traffic that reversed direction every 30 minutes remained open in the canyon. One newspaper proudly proclaimed "You heard right. For the first time in more than 10 years, construction delays along that 12-mile (19 km) stretch of Interstate 70 will be non-existent."
The cost was $490 million (equivalent to $800 million today) to build 12 miles (19 km), 40 times the average cost per mile predicted by the planners of the Interstate Highway system. This figure exceeded that of Interstate 15 through the Virgin River Gorge, which was previously proclaimed the most expensive rural freeway in the United States. The construction of I-70 through Glenwood Canyon earned 30 awards for the Colorado Department of Transportation, including the 1993 Outstanding Civil Engineering Achievement Award from the American Society of Civil Engineers. At the dedication it was claimed that I-70 through Glenwood Canyon was the final piece of the Interstate Highway System to open to traffic. For this reason, the system was proclaimed to be complete. However, as of 2009, at least two sections of the original Interstate Highway System have not been constructed: a section of Interstate 95 in central New Jersey, and a section of I-70 in Breezewood, Pennsylvania.
When first approved, the extension of I-70 from Denver to Cove Fort was criticized in some area newspapers as a road to nowhere; an information liaison specialist with the U.S. Department of Transportation in Baltimore, Maryland – the eastern terminus of I-70 – claims people have asked "did we think Baltimoreans were so desperate to get to Cove Fort that we were willing to pay $4 billion to get them there?" However, a resident engineer with the USDOT has called the extension one of the "crown jewels" of the Interstate Highway System. In Colorado, the freeway helped unite the state, despite the two halves being separated by the formidable Rocky Mountains. The Eisenhower Tunnel alone is credited with saving up to an hour from the drive across the state. Prior to I-70's construction, the highway through Glenwood Canyon was one of the most dangerous in the state. With the improvements, the accident rate has dropped 40% even though traffic through the canyon has substantially increased. The Colorado Department of Transportation is considering the nomination of various portions of I-70 as a National Historic Landmark, even though the freeway will not qualify as historical for several decades.
The freeway is credited with enhancing Colorado's ski industry. The ski resort town of Vail did not exist until I-70 began construction, with developers working in close partnership with the Department of Transportation. By 1984, the I-70 corridor between Denver and Grand Junction contained the largest concentration of ski resorts in the United States. The towns and cities along the corridor have experienced significant growth, luring recreational visitors from the Denver area. As one conservationist lamented, I-70 "changed rural Colorado into non-rural Colorado".
One accident at the Mousetrap had national ramifications. On August 1, 1984, a truck carrying six torpedoes for the U.S. Navy overturned. The situation was made worse as no one answered at the phone number provided with the cargo, and an unknown liquid was leaking from one of the torpedoes. It took more than three hours before any military personnel arrived on the scene, U.S. Army personnel from a nearby base. The incident left thousands of cars stranded and Denver's transportation network paralyzed for about eight hours. Approximately 50 residents in the area were evacuated. Investigations later revealed that the truck driver did not follow a recommended route provided by officers, and was specifically warned to avoid the Mousetrap. The Navy promised reforms after being criticized for providing an unstaffed phone number with a hazardous cargo shipment, a violation of federal law, and failing to notify Denver officials about the shipment. The Mousetrap was grandfathered into the Interstate Highway system, with some structures built in 1951. The incident provided momentum to rebuild the interchange with a more modern and safer design. Construction begin in several phases in 1987 and the last bridge was dedicated in 2003.
County Location Mile Exit Destinations Notes Mesa 1.814 2 Rabbit Valley 11.106 11 US 6 east – Mack East end of US 6 overlap 15.081 15 SH 139 north – Loma, Rangely Fruita 19.444 19 SH 340 – Fruita, Colorado National Monument Grand Junction 25.563 26 I-70 Bus. east / US 6 / US 50 – Grand Junction East end of US 50 overlap 27.570 28 24 Road, Redlands Parkway 31.351 31 Horizon Drive – Grand Junction Regional Airport Clifton 36.644 37 To US 6 / I-70 Bus. west – Clifton, Grand Junction, Delta Palisade 41.578 42 To US 6 – Palisade 43.682 44 I-70 Bus. west – Palisade 45.332 46 Cameo 46.867 47 James M. Robb – Colorado River State Park, Island Acres Former port of entry 49.015 49 SH 65 south to SH 330 – Grand Mesa, Collbran Beavertail Tunnel 61.648 62 De Beque Garfield Parachute 75.152 75 Parachute, Battlement Mesa 81.236 81 Rulison 86.850 87 US 6 east – Rifle East end of US 6 overlap Rifle 90.422 90 SH 13 north – Rifle, Meeker 93.991 94 Garfield County Regional Airport 97.427 97 I-70 Bus. north – Silt 105.260 105 New Castle 109.000 109 Canyon Creek 111.328 111 South Canyon Creek Road Glenwood Springs 114.295 114 West Glenwood 116.380 116 SH 82 – Glenwood Springs, Aspen 118.640 No Name 120.954 121 Grizzly Creek – Hanging Lake 122.588 123 Shoshone Access Road Eastbound exit and westbound entrance 124.970 125 Hanging Lake Eastbound exit and westbound entrance Hanging Lake Tunnel 128.314 129 Bair Ranch Road Eagle 133.384 133 Dotsero 139.533 140 US 6 east – Gypsum East end of US 6 overlap Eagle 146.648 147 Eagle 156.547 157 SH 131 north – Wolcott, Steamboat Springs 162.782 163 I-70 Bus. south – Edwards 166.635 167 Avon Avon 168.157 168 William J. Post Boulevard 168.758 169 US 6 – Eagle-Vail Westbound exit and eastbound entrance 171.105 171 US 6 west / US 24 east – Minturn, Leadville West end of US 6 overlap Vail 173.319 173 West Vail 175.872 176 Vail Ski Area – Vail Museum 179.866 180 East Vail Summit 190.095 190 Vail Pass, Shrine Pass Road 195.298 195 SH 91 south – Copper Mountain, Leadville 198.254 198 Officers Gulch Frisco 200.995 201 Main Street 202.352 203 SH 9 south – Frisco, Breckenridge West end of SH 9 overlap Silverthorne 205.423 205 US 6 east / SH 9 north – Dillon, Silverthorne East end of US 6/SH 9 overlap Summit–
Eisenhower Tunnel Clear Creek 216.583 216 US 6 west – Loveland Pass West end of US 6 overlap 218.346 218 (no name) 221.297 221 Bakerville Silver Plume 225.719 226 Silver Plume Georgetown 227.910 228 Georgetown 231.889 232 US 40 west – Empire, Granby West end of US 40 overlap 233.047 233 Lawson Eastbound exit only 234.209 234 Downieville, Lawson 235.005 235 Dumont Westbound exit and eastbound entrance 237.660 238 Fall River Road Idaho Springs 238.885 239 I-70 Bus. east – Idaho Springs 239.652 240 SH 103 south – Mount Evans 241.125 241 I-70 Bus. west – Idaho Springs Signed as exit 241A (I-70 Bus.) and exit 241B (County Road 314) eastbound Twin Tunnel 242.980 243 Hidden Valley, Central City 244.260 244 US 6 east (US 40) – Golden East end of US 6 overlap; unsigned east end of US 40 overlap; no eastbound entrance 246.602 247 Beaver Brook, Floyd Hill Eastbound exit and westbound entrance Jefferson 247.604 248 Beaver Brook, Floyd Hill Westbound exit and eastbound entrance 250.769 251 SH 74 (Evergreen Parkway, US 40) – El Rancho Eastbound exit and westbound entrance 251.318 252 SH 74 (Evergreen Parkway, US 40) Unsigned west end of US 40 overlap; westbound exit and eastbound entrance 252.244 253 Chief Hosa 253.528 254 US 40 east – Genesee Park East end of US 40 overlap 255.974 256 Lookout Mountain 258.722 259 County Road 93 – Morrison Golden 259.803 260 SH 470 south – Colorado Springs 261.060 261 US 6 east (6th Avenue) Eastbound exit and westbound entrance Lakewood 261.630 262 I-70 Bus. (Colfax Avenue) / US 40 east Westbound also signed to US 6 262.571 263 Colorado Mills Parkway Wheat Ridge 264.341 264 Youngfield Street, 32nd Avenue 265.343 265 SH 58 west – Golden, Central City Westbound exit and eastbound entrance 265.726 266 SH 72 (Ward Road) 267.402 267 SH 391 (Kipling Street) Arvada 269.002 269A SH 121 (Wadsworth Boulevard) 269.242 269B I-76 east – Fort Morgan Eastbound left exit and westbound entrance Wheat Ridge 270.000 270 Harlan Street Eastbound also signed as SH 95 (Sheridan Boulevard) 270.496 271A SH 95 (Sheridan Boulevard) Westbound exit and eastbound entrance City of Denver 271.549 271B Lowell Boulevard, Tennyson Street Westbound exit and eastbound entrance 272.005 272 US 287 (Federal Boulevard) 273.015 273 Pecos Street 274.062 274 I-25 – Fort Collins, Colorado Springs West end of US 6 overlap 274.607 275A Washington Street Eastbound signed exit 274 275.200 275B SH 265 north (Brighton Boulevard) 275.550 275C York Street, Josephine Street Eastbound exit and westbound entrance 276.080 276A US 6 east / US 85 north (Vazquez Boulevard) East end of US 6/US 85 overlap 276.572 276B SH 2 (Colorado Boulevard) 277.024 277 Dahlia Street, Monaco Street, Holly Street 278.548 278 SH 35 (Quebec Street) 278.920 279A I-270 / US 36 west – Boulder West end of US 36 overlap; eastbound entrance via SH 35 279.321 279B Central Park Boulevard New interchange in progress, will open in 2011 280.567 280 Havana Street 281.560 281 Peoria Street Westbound exit splits from exit 282 282.550 282 I-225 south – Aurora, Colorado Springs Adams Aurora 283.532 283 Chambers Road 284.300 284 Peña Boulevard – Denver International Airport Eastbound exit and westbound entrance 284.627 285 Airport Boulevard 285.727 286 Tower Road 288.219 288 I-70 Bus. west / US 40 west / US 287 north / Colfax Avenue West end of US 40/US 287 overlap; no westbound entrance 289.028 289 292.128 292 SH 36 east (Airpark Road) Watkins 295.256 295 I-70 Bus. north – Watkins 299.328 299 Manila Road 304.360 304 SH 79 north – Bennett 305.370 305 Kiowa Eastbound exit only Arapahoe 305.784 306 Kiowa, Bennett 310.160 310 I-70 Bus. north – Strasburg 316.000 316 US 36 east – Byers East end of US 36 overlap 322.086 322 Peoria Deer Trail 328.329 328 I-70 Bus. south – Deer Trail Elbert 336.787 336 Lowland 340.354 340 I-70 Bus. west – Agate 348.798 348 Cedar Point 352.340 352 SH 86 west – Kiowa 354.537 354 (no name) Lincoln Limon 359.499 359 I-70 Bus. east / US 24 west / SH 71 south – Limon, Colorado Springs 361.150 361 Limon 363.025 363 US 40 / US 287 – Hugo, Kit Carson West end of US 24 overlap; east end of US 40/US 287 overlap 371.482 371 Genoa, Hugo 376.520 376 Bovina 383.496 383 Arriba Kit Carson 394.564 395 Flagler 404.065 405 US 24 east / SH 59 north – Seibert East end of US 24 overlap 411.961 412 Vona 419.311 419 SH 57 – Stratton 428.824 429 Bethune Burlington 436.788 437 US 385 (Lincoln Street) 438.225 438 US 24 (Rose Avenue) West end of US 24 overlap 1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi
Source: Colorado Department of Transportation, Highway Reference Data
- Business routes of Interstate 70 in Colorado
- ^ a b c d "Highway Data". Colorado Department of Transportation. http://apps.coloradodot.info/dataaccess/Highways/index.cfm?fuseaction=Description&route=070&begRefPt=0&endRefPt=500&Printable=trueMenuType=Highways. Retrieved 2008-02-16.
- ^ a b c d e f g h i j DeLorme (2002). Colorado Atlas & Gazetteer (Map). 1 inch =2.5 miles (2002 ed.). ISBN 0-89933-288-9. http://www.delorme.com. Retrieved 2009-08-09.
- ^ "Grand Junction Colorado - Trip Planning". Grand Junction Visitor & Convention Bureau. http://www.visitgrandjunction.com/trip_planning/. Retrieved 2009-02-22.
- ^ a b c d e f g h "The History of I-70 in Colorado (Construction Timeline, EJMT and GC I-70 Final Link subpages)". Colorado Department of Transportation. http://www.coloradodot.info/about/50th-anniversary/interstate-70. Retrieved 2008-04-01.
- ^ a b Weingroff, Richard. "Dwight D. Eisenhower System of Interstate and Defense Highways Engineering Marvels". United States Department of Transportation – Federal Highway Administration. http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/infrastructure/rw96j.cfm. Retrieved 2008-02-15.
- ^ a b c d "CDOT Fun Facts". Colorado Department of Transportation. http://www.coloradodot.info/about/50th-anniversary/fun-facts.html. Retrieved 2008-02-15.
- ^ "Glenwood Canyon Corridor". Flat Iron Construction Company. http://www.flatironcorp.com/index.asp?w=pages&r=5&pid=28&project=27. Retrieved 2009-04-20.
- ^ a b c d e f g Stufflebeam Row, Karen; LaDow, Eva and Moler, Steve (2004-03). "Glenwood Canyon 12 Years Later". Public Roads (United States Department of Transportation – Federal Highway Administration) 67 (5). http://www.tfhrc.gov/pubrds/04mar/04.htm. Retrieved 2009-08-09.
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- ^ Zimmerman, Karl (2004). Burlington's Zephyrs. MBI Publishing Company. pp. 38–40. ISBN 0-7603-1856-5.
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- ^ a b c "Eisenhower Memorial Bore". Colorado Department of Transportation. http://www.coloradodot.info/travel/eisenhower-tunnel/eisenhower-memorial-bore.html. Retrieved 2009-07-25.
- ^ "Edwin C Johnson Bore". Colorado Department of Transportation. http://www.coloradodot.info/travel/eisenhower-tunnel/edwin-c-johnson-memorial-bore.html. Retrieved 2009-07-25.
- ^ a b Garner, Joe (1999-08-31). "Freeway opened the state to the rest of the U.S.". Rocky Mountain News.
- ^ Scotese, Thomas; Ackerman, John (1992). "Engineering Considerations for the Hanging Lake Tunnel Project, Glenwood Springs, Colorado" (PDF). International Society of Explosives Engineers. http://www.isee.org/tis/Proceed/General/92gen/9235g.pdf. Retrieved 2009-04-30.
- ^ McGregor, Heather (1994-05-22). "Old tires to heal Glenwood scar Highway eyesore dates to 1930s". Denver Post: p. C–7.
- ^ "Travel Advisory; New I-70 Stretch Helps Skiers". The New York Times. 1992-11-01. http://www.nytimes.com/1992/11/01/travel/travel-advisory-new-i-70-stretch-helps-skiers.html. Retrieved 2009-09-08.
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- ^ "Outstanding Civil Engineering Achievement Award (list is in attached pdf for nominations)". American Society of Civil Engineers. http://www.asce.org/opal/ocea_entry.cfm. Retrieved 2008-02-24.
- ^ Pennsylvania Turnpike Commission. "I-95/I-276 Interchange Project Meeting Design Management Summary - Draft: Design Advisory Committee Meeting #2" (PDF). http://www.paturnpikei95.com/pdf/DACMeeting050914.pdf. Retrieved 2009-08-03.
- ^ Weingroff, Richard. "Ask The Rambler- Why Does The Interstate System Include Toll Facilities?". U.S. Department of Transportation. http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/infrastructure/tollroad.htm.
- ^ Geary, Edward A. "Utah History to Go - Interstate 70". State of Utah. http://historytogo.utah.gov/utah_chapters/utah_today/interstate70.html. Retrieved 2008-02-16.
- ^ a b "Army Rights Tipped Truck Carrying Navy Torpedoes". The Evening Independent. 1984-08-02. http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=LfARAAAAIBAJ&sjid=_O4DAAAAIBAJ&pg=5975,808200&dq=mousetrap+denver+torpedo. Retrieved 2009-09-24.
- ^ Getlin, Josh (1987-09-20). "Record of Risk-Free Transportation Torpedoed by Denver's Experience". Los Angeles Times. http://articles.latimes.com/1987-09-20/news/mn-9018_1_safety-record. Retrieved 2009-09-24.
- ^ "Errors Many in Torpedo Incident". Eugene Register-Guard. 1984-08-10. http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=CmoVAAAAIBAJ&sjid=heEDAAAAIBAJ&pg=4396,2421545&dq=mousetrap+denver+torpedo.
- ^ Kowalski, Robert (1990-02-26). "Hazardous Cargo at Heart of Controversy". The Denver Post.
- ^ Flynn, Kevin (2003-12-16). "This Mousetrap Wasn't a Snap". The Denver Post.
- ^ Cabrera, Ana (December 11, 2010). "Neighbors Concerned Over Deadly Intersection". Denver: KMGH-TV. http://www.thedenverchannel.com/news/26101700/detail.html. Retrieved February 13, 2011.
- I-70 Road conditions, construction updates, traffic cameras, and traveler alerts by Colorado Department of Transportation
- I-70 Guide by AARoads
- Glenwood Canyon: An I-70 Odyssey - History of the Canyon and Construction of I-70 by Matthew E. Salek
- Truckers, You Are Not Down Yet - Unnerving highway signs on eastbound I-70 approaching Denver by Dale Sanderson
Interstate 70 Previous state:
Colorado Next state:
Freeways in the Denver-Aurora Metropolitan Area Radial Circumferential Connecting ProposedW-470
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