1978 Swedish Grand Prix


1978 Swedish Grand Prix

Infobox Grand Prix race report
Type = F1
Country = Sweden
Grand Prix = Swedish
Official name = IX Swedish Grand Prix
Date = June 17
Year = 1978
Race_No = 8
Season_No = 16
Location = Scandinavian Raceway, Anderstorp, Sweden


Course = Permanent racing facility
Course_mi = 2.505
Course_km = 4.031
Distance_laps = 70
Distance_mi = 175.332
Distance_km = 282.170
Weather = Sunny and warm
Pole_Driver = Mario Andretti
Pole_Team = Lotus-Ford
Pole_Time = 1:22.058
Pole_Country = USA
Fast_Driver = Niki Lauda
Fast_Team = Brabham-Alfa Romeo
Fast_Time = 1:24.836
Fast_L

Fast_Country = Austria
First_Driver = Niki Lauda
First_Team = Brabham-Alfa Romeo
First_Country = Austria
Second_Driver = Riccardo Patrese
Second_Team = Arrows-Ford
Second_Country = Italy
Third_Driver = Ronnie Peterson
Third_Team = Lotus-Ford
Third_Country = Sweden
The 1978 Swedish Grand Prix was a Formula One race held on June 17, 1978 at the Scandinavian Raceway; it was the eighth race of the 1978 Formula One season. It's relevant as the only race entered (and won) by the Brabham "fan car".

Race Summary

The 1978 Swedish GP will be remembered for just one thing: the race itself being rather uneventful, it was the winning car that created its own footnote in history by dominating the meeting, thus to great lengths contributing to its uneventfulness in the first place.

Responsible for this overwhelming coup was some clever thinking by Brabham's Gordon Murray, who was trying to eclipse Colin Chapman's ground effect invention on the Lotus 79, the skirted car that had swept the front row since its debut at Zolder. Center of the new Brabham BT46B concept was a large fan which drew air through the engine water radiator which was mounted horizontally over the engine. The fan also took ground effect to a higher level (at least engineering-wise) by sucking air from under the car, creating a partial vacuum and creating an enormous amount of downforce. The car appeared to contravene a rule which stated that moving aerodynamic devices were not allowed, but Brabham argued that the rules had been worded to ban devices whose "primary" function was aerodynamic. As the fan also cooled the engine, Brabham claimed that this, not aerodynamics, was its primary function.

Its legality was soon protested, but it was allowed to race, Niki Lauda and John Watson qualifying 2nd and 3rd behind the Lotus 79 of Mario Andretti (the two drivers did this as to not draw attention to the remarkable advantage that the fan would provide).

At the start Andretti retained the first place, while Lauda got ahead of Watson; on the second lap he was passed by a fast Riccardo Patrese in the Arrows, and on the third he was passed by the other Lotus of Ronnie Peterson too; the Swede also passed Patrese, but had later to back off due to a tyre puncture. The order then remained the same until lap 20, when Watson was forced to retire by a throttle problem.

At the front, Lauda and Andretti were battling for first place, until the American made an error and was forced to let the Austrian through, and eventually dropped out due to a broken valve on his engine. Once a back-marker dropped oil onto the track, the Brabham was in a race of its own, seemingly unaffected by the slippery surface. In Lauda's biography, To Hell And Back, he wrote that whilst other cars had to reduce speed to drive carefully over the oil, the Brabhams could simply accelerate (as the fan was activated by the gearbox to get around regulations, this meant that higher speed produced much higher grip) through the affected parts of the track. Lauda went on to win by 34.6 seconds, followed by Patrese and Peterson in a close finish; the remaining points went to Patrick Tambay, Clay Regazzoni and Emerson Fittipaldi.

After the race, the stewards deemed the car legal. Later, the FIA investigated the car, and corroborated Brabham's claim that the fan's primary effect was to cool the car, meeting the letter, if not the spirit, of the rules. The car was judged to have been legal as raced and the Brabham victory stood, but the Brabham 'fan car' never raced again. It is popularly thought that it was banned, but it was actually voluntarily withdrawn by Brabham. This was arguably done by team owner Bernie Ecclestone to avoid a conflict with the other privately owned teams whose support he needed. 1978 was the year that Ecclestone became chief executive of FOCA and led it through the FISA-FOCA war that would lead to the downfall of FISA and give FOCA the right to negotiate television contracts for the Grands Prix, effectively giving Ecclestone commercial control of Formula 1 which continues to this day.

Classification

Notes

*First Podium For: Riccardo Patrese.
* Lap Leaders: Mario Andretti 38 laps (1-38); Niki Lauda 32 laps (39-70).

References

* "Unless otherwise indicated, all race results are taken from cite web |title=The Official Formula 1 website |url=http://www.formula1.com/results/season/1978/416/ |accessdate=2007-12-04

F1 race report
Name_of_race = Swedish Grand Prix
Year_of_race = 1978
Previous_race_in_season = 1978 Spanish Grand Prix
Next_race_in_season = 1978 French Grand Prix
Previous_year's_race = 1977 Swedish Grand Prix
Next_year's_race = "none"


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • 1978 Spanish Grand Prix — The 1978 Spanish Grand Prix was a Formula One race held on 4 June 1978 at Jarama. Classification Notes * Pole position: Mario Andretti 1:16.39 * Fastest L Mario Andretti 1:20.06 * Lap Leaders: James Hunt 5 laps (1 5); Mario Andretti 70 laps (6… …   Wikipedia

  • 1978 French Grand Prix — The 1978 French Grand Prix was a Formula One race held on 2 July 1978 at Paul Ricard. Classification Notes * Pole position: John Watson 1:44.41 * Fastest L Carlos Reutemann 1:48.56 * Lap Leaders: Mario Andretti 54 laps (1 54).F1 race report Name… …   Wikipedia

  • Swedish Grand Prix — F1 race Name = Circuit = Scandinavian Raceway Circuit Laps = 70 Circuit length km = 4.031 Race length km = 282.170 Most wins driver = flagicon|South Africa|1928 Jody Scheckter (2) flagicon|Austria Niki Lauda (2) Most wins constructor =… …   Wikipedia

  • 1977 Swedish Grand Prix — The 1977 Swedish Grand Prix was a Formula One race held at the Scandinavian Raceway on June 19, 1977.At Anderstorp, Jacques Laffite in his Gitanes sponsored Ligier Matra put in a commanding display, romping to victory. France had been put back on …   Wikipedia

  • 1977 Belgian Grand Prix — The 1977 Belgian Grand Prix was a Formula One race held at Zolder on June 5, 1977. Classification Notes *Fastest L *This race marked Gunnar Nilsson s only Formula One victoryReferences*cite web | title = The Official Formula 1 website | url =… …   Wikipedia

  • 1977 French Grand Prix — The 1977 French Grand Prix was a Formula One race held at Dijon on 3 June 1977. Classification Notes *Fastest L References*cite web | title = The Official Formula 1 website | url = http://www.formula1.com/results/season/1977/433/ | accessdate =… …   Wikipedia

  • San Marino Grand Prix — F1 race Name = San Marino Grand Prix Circuit = Autodromo Enzo e Dino Ferrari Circuit Laps = 62 Circuit length km = 4.959 Circuit length mi = Race length km = 307.221 Race length mi = Most wins driver = flagicon|Germany Michael Schumacher (7) Most …   Wikipedia

  • Dansk Melodi Grand Prix — This article is about Danish song contest. For the Norwegian contest, see Melodi Grand Prix. Dansk Melodi Grand Prix (Dansk MGP) is an annual music competition organised by Danish public broadcaster Danmarks Radio (DR), which determines the… …   Wikipedia

  • Italian motorcycle Grand Prix — Nations Grand Prix redirects here. For the racing event for cars, see Grand Prix of Nations. The Italian motorcycle Grand Prix is a motorcycling event that is part of the Grand Prix motorcycle racing season. From 1949 to 1990 the event was known… …   Wikipedia

  • Oslo Grand Prix — Group One International race Oslo Grand Prix Location Bjerke Racetrack, Oslo, Norway Inaugurated 1966 Race type Harness race for standardbred trotters …   Wikipedia