Communist society


Communist society

The communist society or communist utopia is the society postulated by the ideology of communism: a society which is classless and stateless, based upon common ownership of the means of production with free access to articles of consumption, the end of economic exploitation.

The term "communist society" should be distinguished from "communist state", the latter referring to a state ruled by a party which professes the communist ideology.

In Marxist theory, communism is a specific stage of historical development that inevitably emerges from the development of the productive forces that leads to a superabundance of material wealth, allowing for distribution based on need and social relations based on freely-associated individuals.[1][2]

In a communist utopia, economic relations no longer would determine the society. Scarcity would no longer be a factor.[3] Alienated labor would cease, as people would be free to pursue their individual goals.[4] This kind of society is identified by the slogan put forth by Karl Marx: "From each according to his ability, to each according to his needs!"[3]

Marx never clearly said whether communist society would be just; others have speculated that he thought communism would transcend justice and create society without conflicts, thus, without the needs for rules of justice.[5] It would be a democratic society, enfranchising the entire population.[3]

Marx also wrote that between capitalist and communist society, there would be a transitory period known as the dictatorship of the proletariat.[3]

A communist society would also have no need for a state, whose purpose was to enforce hierarchical economic relations (thus Marx wrote of "the withering of the state").[4][3]

See also

  • Socialist utopia
  • Post-scarcity economy

References

  1. ^ Critique of the Gotha Programme, Karl Marx.
  2. ^ Full Communism: The Ultimate Goal
  3. ^ a b c d e Barry Stewart Clark (1998). Political economy: a comparative approach. ABC-CLIO. pp. 57–59. ISBN 9780275963705. http://books.google.com/books?id=3bJHvA1H-2kC&pg=PA57. Retrieved 7 March 2011. 
  4. ^ a b Craig J. Calhoun (2002). Classical sociological theory. Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 23-23. ISBN 9780631213482. http://books.google.com/books?id=6mq-H3EcUx8C=PA20. Retrieved 5 March 2011. 
  5. ^ "Karl Marx – Stanford Encyclopaedia of Philosophy". http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/marx/. . First published Tue Aug 26, 2003; substantive revision Mon Jun 14, 2010. Accessed March 4 2011.

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