St Nicholas, Bristol


St Nicholas, Bristol

Infobox Historic building


caption=
name=St Nicholas
location_town=Bristol
location_country=England
map_type=Bristol
latitude=51.4536
longitude=-2.5929
architect=James Bridges and Thomas Paty
client=
engineer=
construction_start_date=
completion_date=1769
date_demolished=
cost=
structural_system=
style=Gothic revival
size=

St Nicholas is a church in St Nicholas Street, Bristol, England.

The first church was founded before 1154, with a chancel extending over the south gate of the city. The gate and old church were demolished to make way for the rebuilding of Bristol Bridge and the church was rebuilt in 1762-9 by James Bridges and Thomas Paty, who rebuilt the spire. Part of the old church and town wall survives in the 14th century crypt.cite book |last=Brace |first=Keith |authorlink= |coauthors= |title=Portrait of Bristol |year=1996 |publisher=Robert Hale |location=London |isbn=0709154356 ]

The interior was destroyed by bombing in the Bristol Blitz of 1940 and rebuilt in 1974-5 as a church museum, which has now (2007) closed and the building is used by the city council as offices. The building still holds statues of King Edward I and King Edward III which were removed from Arno's Court Triumphal Arch. The original statues were taken from Bristol's Lawfords' Gate that was demolished around 1760. Other statues are 13th century figures from Bristol's Newgate representing Robert, the builder of Bristol Castle, and Geoffrey de Montbray, bishop of Coutances, builder of the fortified walls of Bristol. They were moved to the church, due to their deteriorating condition, in 1898. [cite web | title=Four figures on Arno's Gateway | work=Public Monument and Sculpture Association National Recording Project | url=http://pmsa.cch.kcl.ac.uk/BL/BR137.htm | accessdate=2007-03-19]

It also holds the Hogarth altarpiece which was originally painted for St Mary Redcliffe Church, Bristol, and removed from there by the Victorians. [cite web | title=Bristol City Council art collections page | url=http://www.bristol.gov.uk/ccm/content/Leisure-Culture/Museums-Galleries/fine-art-department.en?#internalSection15 | accessdate=2008-09-13] .

It has been designated by English Heritage as a grade II* listed building. [cite web | title=City Museum, former Church of St Nicholas | work=Images of England | url=http://www.imagesofengland.org.uk/search/details.aspx?id=380490 | accessdate=2007-03-16]

References

ee also

* Churches in Bristol
* Grade II* listed buildings in Bristol


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