- USS Stansbury (DD-180)
USS "Stansbury" (DD–180) was a "Wickes" class
destroyerin the United States Navyduring World War II. She was named for John Stansbury.
"Stansbury" was laid down on
9 December 1918by Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corporation, Union Iron Worksat San Francisco, California; launched on 16 May 1919; sponsored by Miss Mary Eleanor Trevorrow; and commissioned at Mare Island Navy Yardon 8 January 1920, Comdr. J. W. Lewisin command.
"Stansbury" served with the Pacific Fleet for over two years during which time she received the designation DD-180. On
May 27, 1922, she was decommissioned and berthed at San Diego, California. She remained inactive for more than 12 years, but the onset of World War IIin September of 1939necessitated her reactivation along with that of many of her sister ships. Accordingly, "Stansbury" was recommissioned at San Diego on August 29, 1940, Lt. Comdr. R. N. McFarlanein command. From there, she moved to the Mare Island Navy Yardto begin her conversion to a high-speed minesweeper. In October, she proceeded to Norfolk, Virginia, where the conversion was completed. On November 19, she was redesignated a destroyerminesweeper, DMS-8.
World War II Operations
"Stansbury" was assigned to the Atlantic Fleet from October
1940to December 1943. She spent her first year in the Atlanticin minesweeping exercises, in coastwise escort duties, and in conducting maneuvers in the Caribbean Sea. On 30 June 1942, while escorting SS "City of Birmingham" from Norfolk to Bermuda, she attacked a German U-boatwith depth charges. A rough sea and rescue operations for survivors of the torpedoed merchantmen handicapped her during the unsuccessful attack. However, her humanitarian effort proved successful; for, on 1 July, she pulled into Bermuda with 390 survivors embarked.
The destroyer minesweeper set out from Norfolk on
24 October 1942to join Task Force (TF) 34, the North Africa invasion force. "Stansbury" was assigned to Mine Squadron (MinRon) 7 of the Center Attack Group for the landings. The group's assault area was at Fedala just up the coast from Casablanca; the ships arrived off the objective area on 7 November. "Stansbury" and the other minesweepers made an exploratory sweep of the approaches and then she joined the screen in patrolling the transport area. On the 15th, the cargo ship "Electra" (AK-21) was torpedoed; but thanks to the efforts of "Stansbury", "Raven" (AM-55), and "Cherokee" (AT-66) she remained afloat throughout the night and was beached at Casablanca the following morning. The destroyer minesweeper returned to Hampton Roads, Va., on 26 December 1942. For the next year, she plied the eastern coastal waters of the United Statesand the North Atlanticas far east as Iceland.
4 December 1943, "Stansbury" transited the Panama Canaland joined the Pacific Fleet. She conducted minesweeping exercises off the coast of Californiafor about a month; then stood out of San Diego on 13 January 1944and headed west with TF 53. The task force reached Lahaina Roads, in the Hawaiian Islands, on 22 Januaryand sailed for the Marshalls the following day. "Stansbury" operated in the antisubmarinescreen both during the voyage to Kwajaleinand during the assault itself. She remained in the vicinity from 1 to 7 February; then joined an amphibious group in returning to Funafutiin the Ellice Islands. On 13 February, she sailed to Noumea, New Caledonia, arriving on the 20th. For almost four months, "Stansbury" made the South Pacific circuit, screening numerous amphibious and logistics groups. She visited the Solomons and New Hebridesgroups, New Britain, and escorted part of the Admiralty Islandsassault force to its objective in mid-April. She returned to the central Pacific, in May, at Eniwetok.
10 June, she and nine other destroyer minesweepers departed Eniwetok and, three days later, rendezvoused off Saipanwith TF 58, Vice Admiral Mitscher's Fast Carrier Task Force. The minesweepers swept off the west coast of the island while TF 58 covered them. After about five hours of clearing mines, they retired and joined an advance bombardment group from TF 53. "Stansbury" helped screen the big warships from enemy submarines until the arrival of the initial invasion forces on 15 June; then she joined in a bombardment of Guam. Returning to the vicinity of Saipan and Tinian, she provided fire support for the troops ashore until 26 Junewhen she headed back to Eniwetok. On 21 July, after almost four weeks absence, she returned to the Marianas with TF 53 to support the recapture of Guam. For a week, she screened the task force from submarines and performed picket patrol for the amphibious units.
On the 28th, she returned to Eniwetok as part of the escort for a transport group. On
7 August, the destroyer minesweeper got underway from Eniwetok for San Francisco, via Pearl Harbor. She reached her destination on 26 Augustand entered the yard of the General Engineering & Dry Dock Co. Her overhaul was completed on 17 January 1945; and "Stansbury" sailed to San Diego, arriving the following day. There she reported for duty with the San Diego Shakedown Group.
For the remainder of the war, she served as a training ship for the Fleet Operational Training Command, Pacific Fleet. Her designation was changed from DMS-8 to AG-107 on
5 June 1945. In September 1945, "Stansbury" transited the Panama Canal again and headed for Norfolk, Va. She was decommissioned at the Norfolk Naval Shipyardon 11 December 1945, and her name was struck from the Navy list on 3 January 1946. Her hulk was sold to Luria Bros. Co. of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on 26 October, and she was scrapped on 25 January 1947.
"Stansbury" was awarded three
battle stars during World War II.
2004, no other ship in the United States Navy has borne this name.
List of United States Navy destroyers
* [http://www.navsource.org/archives/05/180.htm NavSource Photos]
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