- Miss Venezuela
Miss Venezuela Formation 1952 Type Beauty pageant Headquarters Caracas, Venezuela Location Venezuela Official languages Spanish President Osmel Sousa Website Official website
The Miss Venezuela contest is the national beauty pageant of Venezuela and has been held since 1952. It is responsible for selecting the country's representatives to the Miss Universe, Miss World, Miss Earth (beginning 2010) and Miss International pageants (amongst others).
Under the direction of Osmel Sousa, Venezuela has accumulated more international titles than any other country, including six Miss Universe winners, six Miss World winners, six Miss International winners and one Miss Earth.
The pageant is traditionally held in September, preceded by two or three months of preliminary events, including the awarding of corporate prizes. The final competition telecast generally lasts about four hours and is broadcast live across Latin America by Venevisión, with edited versions to the United States and Mexico on the Univision network. In 2006, a Venezuelan-American filmmaker Patrick Atanasije Pineda obtained the rights to document every detail of the pageant, including its process and contestants.
Thousands of entrants apply for the pageant each year. Some young women would try for up to five or six years consecutively trying to get one of the 26 to 32 titles that will enable them to compete in the final pageant. Venezuela's 23 states, capital, and two regions of Zulia State are always represented; some years other regions of the country will have representatives in the pageant. Although some major states and regions such as Zulia, Táchira, and Carabobo will hold their own preliminaries, many of the states are assigned by geographical proximity or even random drawing to the final contestants. There is therefore considerably less emphasis on state titles than there is in other national pageants such as Miss USA, although certain areas such as Miranda, Nueva Esparta, Distrito Capital and Carabobo always seem to achieve high results.
A girl wishing to compete in the pageant starts at either the local level, if a regional contest is held in her state, or goes directly to the pageant's headquarters in Caracas. Regional contests generally select three to six candidates (except for the massive Miss Centroccidental pageant, which covers six to seven midwestern states) who will likely represent the state or one nearby: i.e. a candidate who is a finalist for Miss Carabobo will usually expect to represent Carabobo or a neighboring state such as Yaracuy in the final pageant. Osmel Sousa, president of the pageant, always sits on the selection panel regardless of whether it is a final regional contest or the direct "auditions", and it is not uncommon for him to overturn the entire regional results in favor of his own choices. For example, none of the candidates in 2004 for Vargas state were deemed fit for competition, so a candidate from Caracas was appointed Miss Vargas. Winners therefore have often never visited the state they represent. In this fashion, rather than waste five or six candidates from a strong area of the country such as Zulia in a system wherein only one can represent the state, the pageant distributes "spare states" to them so all have an opportunity to demonstrate their capabilities in the final night. Traditionally, strong candidates have been pulled from Caracas, Zulia and Carabobo states, although they can come from all over the country; e.g. in 2003 the Miss Centroccidental pageant sent seven candidates to the pageant, while in 2005 only one proceeded to the finals. In 2000, the casting made in Zulia State (called Miss Venezuela Zulia at that time) sent 7 girls to that year finals.
The pageant reserves the right to remove any candidate that is deemed not to be performing up to standard, so there is no guarantee that a contestant may participate on the final night of competition. However, such decisions are usually made before the delegates are convened and the various state sashes are handed out. The pageant keeps a "reserve" pool of willing candidates always available to replace any last minute rejected contestant. Many aspirants will also make it into the final 50 or 60, only to be eliminated from the final roster of 26–32 contestants. Such eliminations have no real bearing on how well the contestant will do in the future. Mariangel Ruiz, Miss Venezuela 2002, did not place into the final 120 in 1998; Barbara Clara, second runner-up in 2004, had previously tried for the pageant three times before winning a title at the last minute in 2004.
Reentry into the final pageant is rare, although the rules are arbitrary and not as restrictive as those in other countries. Only one contestant has ever participated in the official Miss Venezuela pageant twice: Maria Fernanda Leon, who represented Guárico in 1999 and Portuguesa in 2002. Aida Yespica competed in Miss Venezuela World 2001 but withdrew before being assigned a state for the final pageant her year; she returned in Miss Venezuela 2002 for Amazonas state. The majority of the contestants in 2000 and 2001 competed in both the Miss Venezuela World and Miss Venezuela contests of their respective years; they were assigned numbers for the Miss World preliminary, with the most desirable contestants being allowed to proceed to the final Miss Venezuela pageant with state titles. The ten contestants for Miss Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela (Miss Venezuela for Miss Universe 2000) and the six for Miss Venezuela Mundo 2006 (Miss Venezuela for Miss World 2006) were "recycled" from previous years. This situation was expected to be repeated during the 2007 pageant, in which some contestants were expected to compete again, though it didn't happen.
There is an unofficial formula to determine the states and regions represented in Venezuela. The base number of contestants over the last decade has been 26–28, which can be increased or decreased by Venevision's management.
Official states (23)
* Denotes that state has a preliminary pageant – which may or may not still be held – as of 2005 only Táchira, Zulia, Lara, Aragua and Sucre held preliminaries.
** Denotes that state has been represented through the Miss Centroccidental preliminary. Additionally, three states, Carabobo, Falcon and Mérida hold their own individual pageants.
Official regions (4)
- Costa Oriental del Lago (East lake coast (Maracaibo Lake))
- Distrito Capital (Capital District)
- Dependencias Federales ("Federal Dependencies" Venezuelan islands)
- Peninsula Goajira (Venezuelan part of the Goajira peninsula)
Costa Oriental and Peninsula Goajira are regions of Zulia state and are titles handed out at the Miss Zulia preliminary. As of 2003 Costa Oriental has its own preliminary.
Together, these 26 regions form the "base" of the Miss Venezuela contest. However, at times other regions and territories have been represented. If there are 27 sashes, the 27th candidate is Miss Dependencias Federales (Federal Dependencies, representing the Venezuelan islands). If there are 28 sashes, either Canaima (a national park in Bolivar state) or Peninsula de Paraguaná (a region of Falcon state) is represented. In 2003, additional titles of Península de Araya (a region of Sucre State) and Roraima (a national park in Bolivar State) were created to bring the pageant to its highest ever number of contestants: 32. Surprisingly, in 2008 Península de Araya was used again, and there was no Miss Península Goajira or Miss Costa Oriental that year. In the mid-1990s, the districts of Municipio Libertador and Municipio San Francisco were also represented, the last one only in 1997 and 1998. Also, only in 2003, Guayana Esequiba (Part of Guyana that historically Venezuela claims of its own) was represented. Vargas State, the most recent modification in Venezuela's map (1999) was always present in the pageant, but with other names: Departamento Vargas (until 1986) Municipio Vargas (1987 to 1997) Territorio Federal Vargas (1998) and Vargas State since 1999. In 2009, only 20 delegates competed for the crown, the same number that competed the final night in 2003, so some "traditional" states didn't have a representative.
Titles State Winning Years 07 Guárico 1963, 1966, 1978, 1982, 1985, 2004, 2006 07 Distrito Capital 1956, 1957, 1960, 1961, 1965, 1968, 2001 07 Miranda 1955, 1964, 1981, 1988, 1999, 2009, 2010 04 Carabobo 1953, 1970, 1973, 1996 04 Nueva Esparta 1972, 1975, 1976, 1987 04 Vargas 1967, 1969, 1977, 1979 03 Sucre 1958, 2005, 2011 03 Lara 1980, 1989, 2003 02 Trujillo 1986, 2008 02 Amazonas 1991, 2007 02 Aragua 1992, 2002 02 Apure 1993, 2000 02 Bolívar 1952, 1990 02 Zulia 1974, 1984 01 Delta Amacuro 1998 01 Táchira 1997 01 Yaracuy 1995 01 Costa Oriental 1994 01 Portuguesa 1983 01 Monagas 1971 01 Anzoátegui 1962
- Venezuela's international titleholders represented the following states during their Miss Venezuela competition (indicates year of international victory): Miss Universe: Vargas Department (1979), Miranda (1981), Trujillo (1986; 2009), Yaracuy (1996) and Amazonas (2008); Miss World: Miranda (1955; 1984), Aragua (1981), Zulia (1991), Nueva Esparta (1995) and Amazonas (2011); and Miss International: Monagas (1985), Miranda (1997), Costa Oriental (2000), Carabobo (2003), Barinas (2006) and Trujillo (2010). Miss Earth 2005, Alexandra Braun Waldeck competed in Miss Venezuela 2005 as Miss Nueva Esparta but was sent to the Miss Earth pageant by Sambil Organization (owners of Miss Earth Venezuela franchise during 2005–2009) and not by the Miss Venezuela organization.
Once a candidate is shortlisted for the pageant, she begins an intensive training program which can last for six months. She receives coaching in speech, physical fitness, make-up, modelling, and all the other skills required for the competition. Plastic surgery and cosmetic dentistry is optional and some delegates use padding. As the Miss Venezuela broadcast lasts up to four hours long, with countless musical numbers and dances, rehearsals require weeks of preparation. Contestants also participate in official photoshoots (lately done by Iván Dumont, after several years by Daniel Alonso) and also fittings by fashion designers. The evening gowns worn by candidates are a major source of politicking by Venezuela's domestic fashion houses, with top designers such as Mayela Camacho, Ángel Sanchez, Durant & Diego, and Jose María Almeida selecting candidates that they will dress for the final night, while other, newer designers compete to present designs for the pageant. As a general rule the evening gowns are always custom-designed for each of the candidates on the final night, and always by a Venezuelan designer. By tradition, Nidal Nouaihed dresses the representatives of his home state of Zulia (Miss Costa Oriental, Miss Peninsula Goajira, Miss Zulia); Ángel Sanchez designs the gown for Miss Trujillo; Jose María Almeida designs the dress for Miss Mérida and the national costume for Miss Venezuela to Miss Universe. Only in 1999, 26 different designers took part of the evening gown competition, one candidate for each one. Also, in 2006, for the first time ever, the designers appeared on stage with the delegates, showing their fabulous creations. For the first time, in 2008, a "best evening gown" prize was given to a designer; the winner was Gionni Stracia for Miss Monagas' dress. He also made the gown for Dayana Mendoza in the Miss Universe finals.
The winners chosen to represent Venezuela in the major pageants undergo continuous preparation before they compete internationally. These efforts are funded by corporate sponsors like Pepsi Cola, Palmolive, Colgate, Ebel and Lux who were attracted to the pageant by its high ratings.
Participation in international pageants
Between 1983 and 2003, Miss Venezuela placed into the Miss Universe semifinals each consecutive year, and placed in the top six or higher every year from 1991 to 2003. This streak was ended in 2004 when Ana Karina Áñez was not chosen as a semi-finalist at Miss Universe 2004. Venezuela has also twice held the Miss Universe and Miss World titles simultaneously: in 1981–1982 with Irene Saez (Miss Universe) and Pilin Leon (Miss World), and again in 1995–1996 with Alicia Machado (Miss Universe) and Jacqueline Aguilera (Miss World). This makes Venezuela one of only two countries to have simultaneously held both titles twice (the other being India in 1994 and 2000). In total, Venezuela has won over seventy international crowns under the guidance of the pageant, and the country's representatives have won at least one international title each year. It is said that Osmel Sousa will retire from his two decades of directing the pageant after seeing a Venezuelan crown another Venezuelan as Miss Universe. Until recently, when Venezuelan Dayana Mendoza, Miss Universe 2008, crowned her compatriot Stefania Fernandez as Miss Universe 2009, no country had ever won in this pageant on consecutive years (Three countries have done it in Miss World: Sweden, United Kingdom and India).
Success in other fields
Competing in the pageant can get a contestant noticed and launched on a successful television or print career. At least a dozen well sought models come out of the pageant. Virtually all of Venezuela's female top models and television personalities are alumni of the pageant, including Maite Delgado (who competed in 1986 against future Miss Universe Bárbara Palacios), Alexandra Braun (Miss Earth 2005) and Dominika van Santen (Top Model of the World 2005). In fact, only Gaby Espino and several other entertainment figures stand out as never having competed in the pageant. Many of today's top young models, such as Onelises Brochero and Wendy Medina, have repeatedly been rejected by Miss Venezuela; on the other hand, Goizeder Azua and Desiree Pallota, who have variously been considered the top domestic supermodels in the country, joined the pageant after establishing their careers.
Nowadays, familiar faces on Spanish TV networks around the world include Catherine Fulop, Carolina Perpetuo, Norkys Batista, Daniela Kosán, Viviana Gibelli, Marjorie de Sousa, Chiquinquirá Delgado and Natalia Streignard. Two of the Latin world's best known people, supermodel Patricia Velásquez and singer/actress María Conchita Alonso, also participated, in 1989 and 1975, respectively. Miss Universe 1981, Irene Sáez, is perhaps most famous as the beauty queen who became mayor of part of metropolitan Caracas, governor, and then a presidential candidate in 1998.
Miss Venezuela and other countries
Some delegates in the pageant have been able to use their training to achieve success in other national pageants. Natascha Börger became the first Venezuelan to switch countries, when she won the Miss Deutschland title in 2002 after placing 14th at Miss Venezuela 2000. She went on to place sixth at Miss Universe 2002 behind Miss Venezuela Cynthia Lander. Miss Trujillo 2005 Angelika Hernandez Dorendorf also ended 3rd finalist at Miss Deutschland 2007 and cancelled her participation at the Miss Intercontinental of that same year in order to continue her Master degree. In 2006, Francys Sudnicka, who placed in the top 10 representing Trujillo in Miss Venezuela 2003, won the Miss Poland Universe title. She represented Poland at Miss Universe 2006,and later represented Poland in Miss Earth, taking a place in Top 8.
Three Venezuelans who have won the Miss Italia nel Mondo (Miss Italy in the World) pageant placed in the final five of Miss Venezuela: Barbara Clara (Miss Amazonas 2004), Valentina Patruno (Miss Miranda 2003) and Silvana Santaella (Miss Península de Paraguaná 2003). Patruno, though born Venezuelan, represented the United States.
Other countries such as Colombia, Philippines, and Brazil have sent their titleholders to be trained by Osmel Souza and the Venezuela pageant organization. In 2003, Amelia Vega of the Dominican Republic received training from them before going on to win the Miss Universe pageant; Mariangel Ruiz, Miss Venezuela 2002 placed second behind her.
In recent years the pageant organization has begun to "import" expatriates who have been working as international models. Miami has produced Valentina Patruno (Miss World Venezuela 2003), Andrea Gómez (Miss International Venezuela 2004), Mónica Spear (Miss Venezuela 2004), Ileana Jiménez (Miss Portuguesa 2005), and María Alessandra Villegas (Miss Península de Paraguaná 2008).
Further notes of interest
Between 2000 and 2002, the Miss Venezuela pageant was split into two contests: the Miss World Venezuela pageant, to elect the representative to Miss World, from which a reduced group of contestants would go on to compete in Miss Venezuela to go to the Miss Universe contest. In 2002, the organization merged the Miss World Venezuela contest with the Gala de Belleza, making the final "state cut" before the election of the Miss World representative. The two pageants were rejoined in 2003.
The most coveted symbol of the pageant, its crown, is a specially designed masterpiece by engineer George Wittels. It is changed about every five years, and is currently a heavy piece made out of white gold, platinum, silver, Austrian crystals and pearls. Since 2000 Miss World Venezuela carries a crown inlaid with turquoise. Winners retain their sash but are not allowed to keep the costly crowns which are passed from year to year and held in the headquarters at La Quinta Miss Venezuela.
The great pride the organization carries in its winners is never in dispute, although there remains, according to popular legend, regret for only one "stolen" crown: Carolina Izsak, Miss Venezuela 1991, considered by some the greatest winner produced. She was considered all but assured the Miss Universe 1992 crown when a mediocre interview score dropped her out of the final three. Interestingly, Michelle McLean of Namibia won the title that year, but was only a finalist several months before at Miss World 1991 which was won by Ninibeth Leal, who in turn lost the Miss Venezuela 1991 title to Carolina.
The thousands of Venezuelan pageants fans agree that the country has had a lot of "stolen crowns" lately in the Miss Universe; such as Milka Chulina (1993), Minorka Mercado (1994), Marena Bencomo (1997), Veruska Ramirez (1998), and Ly Jonaitis (2007).
Order of succession
There has been considerable controversy in a number of major national pageants as to how to direct their contestants to Miss Universe, Miss World, and the other international contests. The reason for this issue is the dispute between the international pageants, who generally desire that the winner of a national contest be sent. Although many nations such as Italy and Germany have completely separate pageants for Miss Universe and Miss World, in the case of Miss Venezuela the national pageant organization must field candidates to almost all of the major world contests.
As of 2003, when the current system was put into place, the winners of the Miss Venezuela title (who goes to Miss Universe) and Miss World Venezuela are equal in rank. Nevertheless, the representative to Miss Universe is still announced last, and she is still considered the holder of the one single Miss Venezuela title. Nowadays, the final five finalists are announced during the telecast, followed by the elimination of the second and first runner-ups, then Miss Venezuela to Miss International, Miss Venezuela to Miss World, and Miss Venezuela to Miss Universe. Since 2010, yet another new system has been introduced, with the fourth place finisher being designated as a "representative" to Miss Earth, the third place as a "representative" to Miss International and two 'equal' crowned winners -- Miss Venezuela World and Miss Venezuela Universe. While this system is similar to that of Mexico and India, in Mexico the first runner-up is known as the "substitute" and in the order of succession automatically fills into any title above her that is emptied. For example, if "Nuestra Belleza Mexico Mundo" (Miss Mexico to Miss World) is unable to fulfill her duties, the first runner-up assumes her title. While the Miss Universe representative is similarly considered the "greater of the two equals", if her position is vacated, the first runner-up ascends to her crown, instead of Miss Mexico-World becoming Miss Mexico-Universe and the first runner-up going to Miss World. In India, however, the succession does follow the other option: the top three titles go Earth->Universe->World in rising order of importance (although they are also emphasized as "equals").
In Venezuela, neither policy of succession is explicitly laid down. Osmel Sousa makes the final decisions as to who is appointed when a vacancy arises; i.e. in 2003, there were significant rumors that Mariangel Ruiz might be replaced by Amara Barroeta, the first runner-up, to Miss Universe (and not Goizeder Azua, who was Miss World Venezuela). In fact, in 2003, the Miss International Pageant was concurrent with Miss Venezuela, meaning that it would be impossible to send a "fresh" contestant, and Osmel actually opted not to send Amara, who should have gone (as the first runner-up then was almost always automatically titled Miss Venezuela International) and instead replaced her with Goizeder Azua, who won Miss International 2003. Due to scheduling conflicts between Miss International and Miss Venezuela, a similar situation occurred in 2002 when Cynthia Lander, Miss Venezuela (Universe), gave up her crown to the next Miss Venezuela and immediately boarded a flight for Japan to participate in Miss International. The reasoning was that her first runner-up had already participated the year before, and it would have been ridiculous to crown a Miss Venezuela (International) and immediately send her on a plane to her contest with no specific preparation whatsoever. Incidentally in 2006 the Miss World pageant shifted its pageant date from its usual November–December timeframe to September when the organization announced Poland as the competition venue. Due to the change in dates; it resulted to a timing conflict with the Miss Venezuela pageant. The Miss Venezuela organization decided to hold a snap pageant called "Miss Venezuela Mundo" to elect a representative for Miss World 2006. The said competition was composed of former Miss Venezuela contestants from previous editions. At the end of the night Federica Guzman who represented the state of Miranda in 2001 was the winner. Thus, all four winners, Miss Earth Venezuela, Miss Venezuela International, Miss Venezuela World and Miss Venezuela Universe now compete in the year after their coronation.
Ironically, the only time in the "modern" pageant that the famous "if the winner should not fulfill her duties, the first runner-up will take over" statement was made for Miss Venezuela was in 1999. The decision was made to send whoever won to Miss World first, and then to Miss Universe if she did not win. This policy was adopted after the consecutive eliminations of Christina Dieckmann and Veronica Schneider in 1997 and 1998, both of whom were considered amongst the strongest Miss World Venezuelas in history and whose eliminations were seen by the organization as a signal that it needed to send its winner to Miss World. Therefore, in 1999, there were no Miss World Venezuela or Miss Venezuela International titles, only an official Miss Venezuela, who was Martina Thorogood. Her first runner-up, Norkys Batista, was told that she would become Miss Venezuela to Miss Universe only if Martina won the Miss World crown outright. Martina came in second at Miss World and she was expected continue on to Miss Universe 2000 the next year. However, due to a number of major controversies, she was barred from Miss Universe 2000 on the grounds that as the first runner-up to Miss World, she was contracted to the organization and would have to succeed to that title if Yukta Mookhey, the winner that year, did not complete her reign. Osmel also declared that Miss Universe demanded a winner from Venezuela, thereby barring Norkys Batista from succeeding to the title. The only option for Norkys to go was for Martina to renounce the Miss Venezuela title, which neither she nor the organization was willing to do. Therefore, a new emergency (and temporary pageant) was held, called Miss Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, which was conducted among ten former contestants (some semifinalists and other no finalists) from the previous five years. The winner, Claudia Moreno, had placed as seventh in the semifinals behind Martina and Norkys in Miss Venezuela 1999, and she ended up performing excellently and becoming first runner-up to Miss Universe 2000. In years to come, 2002's first runner-up Amara Barroeta would join Norkys Batista as one of several runners-ups to be "denied" the chance to compete at a "big three" pageant.
In the USA and many other countries, an occasion when the order of succession comes into play is when the reigning titleholder wins her international contest, e.g. in 1997 when Brook Mahealani Lee became Miss Universe and her first runner-up Brandi Sherwood became Miss USA. Interestingly, however, Venezuela does not have this official provision, even when the two "equal" winners both win Miss Universe and Miss World. In 1981, Miriam Quintana was considered somewhat unofficially as the serving Miss Venezuela, because both Irene Saez and Pilin Leon had won their respective pageants. However, in 1995–1996, when Alicia Machado took the Miss Universe title and Jacqueline Aguilera the Miss World crown, no new "Miss Venezuela" was appointed to hold the crown while they reigned internationally, though some newspapers said that Carla Steinkopf, Miss International Venezuela 1995, would give the crown to the 1996 winner. In general, all times when Venezuela has won the Miss Universe Pageant, is Miss Universe herself who gives the crown to the new Miss Venezuela, not Miss World Venezuela or another finalist.
The following women have been crowned Miss Venezuela:
Venezuelan representatives to International pageants
The following women have represented Venezuela in international pageants:
Representatives to Miss Universe
Year Representatives to Miss Universe State Ranking 1952 Sofía Silva Inserri† Bolivar 1953 Gisela Bolaños Scarton Carabobo 1954 – 1955 Carmen Susana Duijm Zubillaga Miranda Top 15 1956 Blanca Heredia Osio Distrito Federal Top 15 1957 Consuelo Leticia Nouel Gómez Distrito Federal 1958 Ida Margarita Pieri Pérez Sucre 1959 – 1960 Mary Quiroz Delgado† Yaracuy 1961 Ana Griselda Vegas Albornoz Caracas 1962 Virginia Elizabeth Bailey Lázzari Nueva Esparta 1963 Irene Amelia Morales Machado Guarico 1964 Mercedes Revenga De la Rosa Miranda Top 15 1965 María Auxiliadora De las Casas McGill Distrito Federal 1966 Magaly Beatriz Castro Egui Guarico 1967 Mariela Pérez Branger Departamento Vargas 1st RUNNER-UP 1968 Peggy Kopp Arenas Distrito Federal 3rd RUNNER-UP 1969 María José de las Mercedes Yéllici Sánchez Aragua 1970 Bella Mercedes La Rosa De la Rosa Carabobo Top 15 1971 Jeannette Amelia de la Coromoto Donzella Sánchez Monagas 1972 María Antonietta Cámpoli Prisco Nueva Esparta 2nd RUNNER-UP 1973 Ana Paola Desireé Facchinei Rolando Carabobo 1974 Neyla Chiquinquirá Moronta Sangronis Zulia 1975 Maritza Pineda Montoya Nueva Esparta 1976 Judith Josefina Castillo Uribe* Nueva Esparta 1st RUNNER-UP 1977 Cristal del Mar Montañez Arocha Departamento Vargas Top 12 1978 Marisol Alfonzo Marcano Guarico 1979 Maritza Sayalero Fernández Departamento Vargas MISS UNIVERSE 1979 1980 María Xavier "Maye" Brandt Angulo† Lara 1981 Irene Lailín Sáez Conde Miranda MISS UNIVERSE 1981 1982 Ana Teresa Oropeza Villavicencio Guarico 1983 Paola Laura Ruggeri Ghigo Portuguesa Top 12 (7th) 1984 Carmen María Montiel Avila Zulia 2nd RUNNER-UP 1985 Silvia Cristina Martínez Stapulionis Guarico 3rd RUNNER-UP 1986 Bárbara Palacios Teyde Trujillo MISS UNIVERSE 1986 1987 Inés María Calero Rodríguez Nueva Esparta 3rd RUNNER-UP 1988 Yajaira Cristina Vera Roldán Miranda Top 10 (7th) 1989 Eva Lisa Larsdotter Ljung Lara Top 10 (7th) 1990 Andreína Katarina Goetz Blohm Bolivar Top 10 (7th) 1991 Jackeline Rodríguez Strefezza*** Miranda Top 6 (6th) 1992 Carolina Eva Izsák Kemenyfy Amazonas Top 6 (4th) 1993 Milka Yelisava Chulina Urbanich Aragua 2nd RUNNER-UP 1994 Minorka Marisela Mercado Carrero Apure 2nd RUNNER-UP 1995 Denyse del Carmen Floreano Camargo Costa Oriental Top 6 (5th) 1996 Yoseph Alicia Machado Fajardo Yaracuy MISS UNIVERSE 1996 1997 Marena Josefina Bencomo Giménez Carabobo 1st RUNNER-UP 1998 Veruska Tatiana Ramírez Táchira 1st RUNNER-UP 1999 Lucbel Carolina Indriago Pinto Delta Amacuro Top 5 (4th) 2000 Claudia Cristina Moreno González** Distrito Federal 1st RUNNER-UP 2001 Eva Mónica Anna Ekvall Johnson Apure 3rd RUNNER-UP 2002 Cynthia Cristina Lander Zamora Distrito Capital 4th RUNNER-UP 2003 Mariángel Ruiz Torrealba Aragua 1st RUNNER-UP 2004 Ana Karina Áñez Delgado Lara 2005 Mónica Spear Mootz Guarico 4nd RUNNER-UP 2006 Jictzad Nakarhyt Viña Carreño Sucre 2007 Lidymar Carolina Jonaitis Escalona Guárico 2nd RUNNER-UP 2008 Dayana Sabrina Mendoza Moncada Amazonas MISS UNIVERSE 2008 2009 Stefanía Fernández Krupij Trujillo MISS UNIVERSE 2009 2010 Marelisa Gibson Villegas Miranda 2011 Vanessa Andrea Gonçalves Gómez Miranda Top 16 2012 Irene Sofía Esser Quintero Sucre TBA
Representatives to Miss World
Year Representatives to Miss Universe State Ranking 1955 Carmen Susana Duijm Zubillaga Miranda MISS WORLD 1955 1956 Celsa Drucila Pieri Pérez Sucre 1957 Consuelo Leticia Nouel Gómez Distrito Federal 1958 Ida Margarita Pieri Pérez Sucre 1959 1960 Miriam Maritza Estévez Acevedo Caracas 1961 Bexi Cecilia Romero Tosta Aragua 1962 Betzabé Franco Blanco Aragua Top 15 1963 Milagros Galíndez Castillo Miranda 1964 Mercedes Hernández Nieves† Portuguesa Top 16 1965 Nancy Elizabeth González Aceituno† Anzoátegui 1966 Jeannette Kopp Arenas Distrito Federal 1967 Irene Margarita Böttger González Bolivar 1968 María Dolores (Cherry) Núñez Rodríguez Miranda 1969 Marzia Rita Gisela Piazza Suprani Nueva Esparta 4th RUNNER-UP 1970 Tomasa Nina (Tomasita) de las Casas Mata Miranda 1971 Ana María Padrón Ibarrondo Carabobo Top 15 1972 Amalia del Carmen Heller Gómez Sucre 1973 Edicta de los Angeles García Oporto Zulia 1974 Alicia Rivas Serrano Departamento Vargas 1975 María de la Concepción (María Conchita) Alonso Bustillos Distrito Federal Top 7 (7) 1976 Maria Genoveva Rivero Giménez Lara Top 15 1977 Jacqueline van den Branden Distrito Federal 1978 Katy Patricia Tóffoli Andrade Falcon Top 15 1979 Tatiana Capote Abdel Barinas Disqualified 1980 Hilda Astrid Abrahamz Navarro Departamento Vargas Top 15 1981 Carmen Josefina (Pilín) León Crespo Aragua MISS WORLD 1981 1982 Michelle Marie Shoda Belloso Falcon 1983 Carolina del Valle Cerruti Duijm Apure 1984 Astrid Carolina Herrera Irazábal Miranda MISS WORLD 1984 1985 Ruddy Rosario Rodríguez de Lucía Anzoátegui Top 7 (4) 1986 Maria Begoña Juaristi Mateo Zulia Top 7 (5) 1987 Albany Josefina Lozada Jiménez Portuguesa 1st RUNNER-UP 1988 Emma Irmgard Marina Rabbe Ramírez Distrito Federal Top 7 (4) 1989 Fabiola Chiara Candosín Marchetti Distrito Federal 1990 Sharon Raquel Luengo González Costa Oriental 2nd RUNNER-UP 1991 Ninibeth Beatriz Leal Jiménez Zulia MISS WORLD 1991 1992 Francis del Valle Gago Aponte Bolivar 2nd RUNNER-UP 1993 Mónica Lei Scaccia Distrito Federal Top 5 (5) 1994 Irene Esther Ferreira Izquierdo Miranda 2nd RUNNER-UP 1995 Jacqueline María Aguilera Marcano Nueva Esparta MISS WORLD 1995 1996 Anna Cepinska Miszczak Nueva Esparta Top 5 (5) 1997 Christina Dieckmann Jiménez Nueva Esparta 1998 Verónica Schneider Rodríguez Monagas 1999 Martina Thorogood Heemsen Miranda 1st RUNNER-UP 2000 Vanessa Maria Cárdenas Bravo Zulia 2001 Andreina del Carmen Prieto Rincón Zulia 2002 Goizeder Victoria Azua Barrios Carabobo TOP 10 (6) 2003 Valentina Patruno Macero Miranda Top 20 (7) 2004 Andrea Maria Milroy Díaz Trujillo 2005 Berliz Susan Carrizo Escandela Costa Oriental 2006 Alexandra Federica Guzmán Diamante**** Miranda Top 17 2007 Claudia Paola Suárez Fernández Mérida Top 16 2008 Hannelly Zulami Quintero Ledezma Cojedes Top 15 2009 María Milagros Véliz Pinto Anzoátegui 2010 Adriana Cristina Vasini Sánchez Zulia 2nd RUNNER-UP 2011 Ivian Lunasol Sarcos Colmenares Amazonas MISS WORLD 2011 2012 Gabriella Ferrari Peirano Distrito Capital TBA
Representatives to Miss International
Year Representatives to Miss Universe State Ranking 1960 Gladys (Laly) Ascanio Arredondo Distrito Federal Top 15 1961 Gloria Lilué Chaljub Distrito Federal 1962 Olga Antonetti Nuñez† Anzoátegui Top 15 1963 Norah Luisa Duarte Rojas Carabobo 1964 Lisla Vilia Silva Negrón Zulia Top 15 1965 Thamara Josefina Leal Zulia 1966 No Pageant 1967 Cecilia Picón-Febres Mérida 1968 Jovann Navas Ravelo Aragua 1969 Cristina Mercedes Keusch Pérez Miranda Top 15 1970 Marzia Rita Gisela Piazza Suprani Nueva Esparta 1971 Sonia Zaya Ledezma Corvo Monagas 1972 Marilyn Plessmann Martínez Guarico Top 15 1973 Hilda Elvira Carrero García† Táchira Top 15 1974 Marisela Carderera Marturet Distrito Federal 1975 María del Carmen Yamel Díaz Rodríguez† Carabobo 1976 Betzabeth Ayala Miranda Top 15 1977 Betty Paredes Lara 1978 Dora Maria (Doris) Fueyo Moreno Anzoátegui 1979 Nilza Josefina Moronta Sangronis Zulia 1980 Graciela Lucía Rosanna La Rosa Guarneri Amazonas Top 10 1981 Miriam Quintana Distrito Federal Top 15 1982 Amaury Martínez Macero Amazonas 1983 Donnatella (Donna) Bottone Tiranti Miranda 1984 Miriam Leyderman Eppel Nueva Esparta 1st RUNNER-UP 1985 Alejandrina "Nina" Sicilia Hernandez Monagas MISS INTERNATIONAL 1985 1986 Nancy Josefina Gallardo Quiñones Portuguesa Top 15 1987 Begoña Victoria (Vicky) García Varas Municipio Libertador Top 15 1988 María Eugenia Duarte Lugo Peninsula Goajira 1989 Beatriz Carolina Omaña Trujillo Nueva Esparta 2nd RUNNER-UP 1990 Vanessa Cristina Holler Noel Portuguesa Top 15 1991 Niurka Auristela Acevedo Monagas 1992 Maria Eugenia Rodríguez Noguera Portuguesa Top 15 1993 Rina Faviola Mónica Spitale Baiamonte Yaracuy Top 15 1994 Milka Yelisava Chulina Urbanich Aragua Top 15 1995 Ana Maria Amorer Guerrero Apure 1st RUNNER-UP 1996 Carla Andreína Steinkopf Struve Costa Oriental Top 15 1997 Consuelo Adler Hernández Miranda MISS INTERNATIONAL 1997 1998 Daniela Kosán Montcourt Aragua 1st RUNNER-UP 1999 Andreína Mercedes Llamozas González Vargas Top 15 2000 Vivian Ines Urdaneta Rincón Costa Oriental MISS INTERNATIONAL 2000 2001 Aura Consuelo Zambrano Alejos Táchira 1st RUNNER-UP 2002 Cynthia Cristina Lander Zamora Distrito Capital 2003 Goizeder Victoria Azua Barrios Carabobo MISS INTERNATIONAL 2003 2004 Eleidy María Aparicio Serrano Costa Oriental 2005 María Andrea Gómez Vásquez Distrito Capital Top 12 2006 Daniela Anette di Giacomo di Giovanni Barinas MISS INTERNATIONAL 2006 2007 Vanessa Jacqueline Gómez Peretti Sucre Top 15 2008 Dayana Carolina Colmenares Bocchieri Carabobo Top 12 2009 Laksmi Rodríguez de la Sierra Solórzano Monagas Top 15 2010 Ana Elizabeth Mosquera Gómez Trujillo MISS INTERNATIONAL 2010 2011 Jessica Cristina Barboza Schmidt Distrito Capital 1st RUNNER-UP 2012 Blanca Cristina Aljibes Gallardo Guárico TBA
Representatives to Miss Earth
Year Representatives to Miss Earth State Ranking 2001 Lirigmel Gabriela Ramos Salazar 2002 Dagmar Catalina Votterl Peláez 2003 Driva Ysabella Cedeño Salazar Nueva Esparta 2004 Enid Solsiret Herrera Ramírez Monagas Did not compete 2005 Alexandra Braun Waldeck Nueva Esparta MISS EARTH 2005 2006 Marianne Pasqualina Puglia Martinez Aragua 3rd Runner-up 2007 Silvana Santaella Arellano Península de Paraguaná 2nd Runner-up 2008 María Daniela Torrealba Pacheco Trujillo Top 8 (5) 2009 Jessica Cristina Barboza Schmidt Distrito Capital 2nd Runner-up 2010 Mariángela Haydée Manuela Bonanni Randazzo Táchira Top 7 (6) 2011 Caroline Gabriela Medina Peschiutta Aragua TBA 2012 Osmariel Maholi Villalobos Atencio Yaracuy TBA
- The contestant won the title
- † Now deceased
- * Barely thirty-six (36) hours after being crowned Miss Venezuela 1976, Elluz Peraza gave up her title to get married and was succeeded by Judith Castillo.
- ** In 2000, the Miss Universe Organization refused the entry of Martina Thorogood, Miss Venezuela 1999 after placing second at Miss World 1999 and as well as that of her first runner-up Norkys Batista to the 2000 Miss Universe contest. The move forced the Miss Venezuela Organization to hold a snap pageant called Miss Republica Bolivariana de Venezuela (composed of former Miss Venezuela contestants from previous years) to select Venezuela's delegate to that year's pageant held in Nicosia, Cyprus.
- *** In 1991, Jackeline Rodriguez of the state of Miranda was hand-picked by Osmel Sousa to represent Venezuela in the Miss Universe pageant that year because the 1991 Miss Venezuela pageant was moved to September.
- **** The Miss World Organization announced that Miss World 2006 would be held in Poland on September 30, three months ahead of schedule. The Miss Venezuela Org. decided to return to the "emergency" system used in 2000–01 and hold a special pageant, Miss World Venezuela 2006. The winner was Federica Guzmán, selected to represent Venezuela in Miss World 2006.
- **** In 2010, Miss Venezuela Organization acquired the franchise for Miss Earth Venezuela and the organization declared that Miss Earth, along with Miss Universe and Miss World contests, is one of the three largest beauty pageants in the world in terms of the number of participating countries. The organization conducted a selection process which attended by several former beauty queens and runners up to qualify for participation. Mariángela Bonanni who competed in the Miss Venezuela 2009 (placed as first runner up) representing the state of Táchira, was chosen by the organization to participate in Miss Earth 2010.
- ^ "Miss Venezuela". Miss Venezuela Historia. http://www.venevision.net/missvenezuela/2008/esp/certamen/historia/contenido.htm. Retrieved 2008-07-01.
- ^ "Los empates en Miss India, ¿acaso es de buena suerte?". El Anecdotario. http://www.elanecdotario.com/2004/nov/18/nov18a.html. Retrieved 2004-11-18.
- ^ "Arrancó el Miss Venezuela 2005". El Mundo. Archived from the original on 2005-08-08. http://web.archive.org/web/20050808003829/http://www.elmundo.com.ve/espectaculos/default20050730.asp. Retrieved 2005-07-30.
- ^ "Venezuela: País donde las mujeres nacen y se hacen las más bellas". Nueva Prensa Guayana. http://nuevaprensa.com.ve/content/view/3040/2/. Retrieved 2008-07-15.
- ^ Julio Rodriguez. "They Have Been Miss Venezuela". http://220.127.116.11/babelfish/translate_url_content?.intl=us&lp=es_en&trurl=http%3a%2f%2fwww.bellezavenezolana.net%2fMissVenezuela%2fmissvzlatitleholders.htm. Retrieved 2008-07-20.
- ^ http://www.missvenezuela.com/noticias/index.asp?id=201009160001
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