Haywood County, North Carolina

Haywood County, North Carolina

Infobox U.S. County
county = Haywood County
state = North Carolina

map size = 250
founded = 1808
seat = Waynesville | area_total_sq_mi =555
area_water_sq_mi =1
area percentage = 0.17%
census yr = 2000
pop = 54033
density_km2 =37.68
web = www.haywoodnc.net

Haywood County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Carolina. It is part of the Asheville, North Carolina Metropolitan Statistical Area. As of 2000, the population was 54,033. Its county seat is WaynesvilleGR|6, the largest town in the county.


The county was formed in 1808 from the western part of Buncombe County. It was named for John Haywood, State Treasurer of North Carolina from 1787 to 1827.

In 1828 the western part of Haywood County became Macon County. In 1851 parts of Haywood County and Macon County were combined to form Jackson County.

Popular Culture

Cold Mountain, located within the Pisgah National Forest was made famous by the novel "Cold Mountain" by Charles Frazier. A major motion picture based on the novel was distributed by Miramax Films in 2003.

Law & Government

Haywood County is a member of the regional Southwestern Commission council of governments.

Haywood County contains a portion of the Qualla Boundary which is a tribal reservation for the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians, and is therefore subject mostly to tribal/federal laws rather than county or state laws.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 555 square miles (1,436 km²), of which, 554 square miles (1,434 km²) of it is land and 1 square miles (2 km²) of it (0.17%) is water.

The Pigeon River originates in Haywood County. It is the only county in North Carolina that all water flows out while none flows in.

Notable peaks in the county include Cold Mountain, at convert|6030|ft|m, Mt. Sterling, at convert|5835|ft|m, and Richland Balsam, at convert|6410|ft|m in elevation. Mt. Guyot, the county's highest point at convert|6621|ft|m, is the 4th highest mountain east of the Mississippi River. Black Balsam Knob, in the Great Balsam Mountains in the southeastern section of the county, is the highest grassy bald in the entire Appalachian range. Haywood county is claimed by some to be the highest county (by mean elevation) east of the Mississippi River, with a mean elevation of 3600 feet (1095m). [http://cohp.org/records/mean_elevation/mean_elevations.html]

Sections of Pisgah National Forest are in the far northeastern and southern parts of the county.

A portion of Great Smoky Mountains National Park is in the northwestern section of the county, north of Maggie Valley. Along with several mountains rising to over convert|6000|ft|m in elevation, the Haywood area of the Smokies includes Cataloochee, which is home to a large campground and several historical structures dating to the 1800s and early 1900s.


The county is divided into fifteen townships: Beaverdam, Bethel, Cataloochee, Cecil, Clyde, Crabtree, Cruso, East Fork, Fines Creek, Iron Duff, Ivy Hill, Jonathan Creek, Pigeon, Waynesville, and White Oak.

Cities & Towns

*Lake Junaluska
*Maggie Valley
*West Canton

Adjacent counties

*Cocke County, Tennessee - north
*Madison County, North Carolina - northeast
*Buncombe County, North Carolina - east
*Transylvania County, North Carolina - southeast
*Jackson County, North Carolina - southwest
*Swain County, North Carolina - west
*Sevier County, Tennessee - northwest

National protected areas

* Blue Ridge Parkway (part)
* Great Smoky Mountains National Park (part)
* Pisgah National Forest (part)


Major Highways & Roads



Norfolk Southern Railway operates a portion the Murphy Branch through Haywood County, providing a rail connection with the rest of the state/country. Norfolk Southern operates a small yard in Canton which directly serves Blue Ridge Paper Company and originates several local runs.


As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 54,033 people, 23,100 households, and 16,054 families residing in the county. The population density was 98 people per square mile (38/km²). There were 28,640 housing units at an average density of 52 per square mile (20/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.85% White, 1.27% Black or African American, 0.49% Native American, 0.21% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.44% from other races, and 0.71% from two or more races. 1.41% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 30.8% were of American, 12.9% English, 12.0% German, 10.4% Irish and 8.3% Scots-Irish ancestry according to Census 2000. 97.1% spoke English and 1.9% Spanish as their first language.

There were 23,100 households out of which 26.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.70% were married couples living together, 9.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.50% were non-families. 26.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.76.

In the county the population was spread out with 20.80% under the age of 18, 6.20% from 18 to 24, 26.90% from 25 to 44, 27.10% from 45 to 64, and 19.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 92.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $33,922, and the median income for a family was $40,438. Males had a median income of $30,731 versus $21,750 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,554. About 8.10% of families and 11.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.40% of those under age 18 and 10.30% of those age 65 or over.


External links

* [http://haywoodnc.net Haywood County government official website]
* [http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0FCQ/is_2_19/ai_108112816 article in Travel America magazine]
* [http://www.smokeymountains.net The Haywood County Tourism Development Authority website]

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