- Palilula, Belgrade
official_name = Palilula
native_name = Палилула
settlement_type = Municipality
image_shield = Palilula coa.jpg
mapsize = 100px
map_caption = Location within the City of Belgrade
mapsize1 = 100px
map_caption1 = Location within Serbia
dot_x = |dot_y =
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = City
subdivision_type2 = Status
subdivision_name2 = Urban
subdivision_type3 = Settlements
subdivision_name3 = 8
government_type =Municipality of Belgrade
leader_title =Mun. president
leader_name =Danilo Bašić (DS)
timezone = CET
utc_offset = +1
utc_offset_DST = +2
latd= |latm= |lats= |latNS=
longd= |longm= |longs= |longEW=
postal_code_type = Postal code
area_code =+381 11
blank_name =Car plates
website = [http://www.palilula.org.yu/ http://www.palilula.org.yu/]
Palilula (Serbian: Палилула) is an urban neighborhood and one of 17 municipalities which constitute the City of Belgrade, the capital of
Serbia. It is one of the 10 urban municipalities, but among them also one of 4 that have both urban and suburban sections. It has the largest area of all municipalities of Belgrade.
Palilula is located east of
Terazijein downtown Belgrade. Like majority of Belgrade's neighborhoods it has no firm boundaries and is roughly bordered by the "Ruzveltova street" and the municipality and neighborhood of Zvezdaraon the east, neighborhood of Hadžipopovacin its own municipality on the north, neighborhood and municipality of Stari Grad and Jevremovacon the northwest (Jevremovac actually belongs to the neighborhood of Palilula, but administratively is part of Stari Grad), and the Tašmajdanand the "King Alexander Boulevard" on the south, bordering with the municipality of Vračar. Several small local communities which make this area had the combined population of 14,896 in 2002.
The neighborhood originates from the first half of the XVIII century, when
Habsburg Monarchyoccupied northern Serbia 1717-1739. The settlement, built as an outer suburb of Belgrade, was originally named "Karlstadt" and was well known for agriculture and craftsmanship of its inhabitants. In the early XIX century, Palilula becomes overwhelmingly populated by the Serbs. In 1840 villagers of Palilula rejected the regulatory plan of Belgrade, on basis that projected new streets would be too wide, and later even tried to split from the municipality of Belgrade because of the city government's low funding for the village. However, in the late XIX century Palilula became part of the continuously built-up area of Belgrade. The neighborhood is almost entirely residential, with lots of commercial facilities being so close to the center of Belgrade.
The name "Palilula" comes from the expression "pali lulu" which in English means "light a
smoking pipe". One anecdote goes back to times when Belgrade and Serbia were occupied by the Ottoman Empireand Palilula used to be the area where most crops were so Turkish rulers banned smoking due to few instances of "accidental" setting of crops on fire. In the late summer and early autumn when all crops have been picked up, smoking ban was lifted and locals were announcing this by calling neighbours and letting them know that pipes may be lit. Another explanation comes from period of prince Miloš Obrenović's rule who banned smoking in Belgrade so you could only smoke outside the city gates.
Municipality of Palilula is generally located north of Belgrade. It is the northernmost of all Belgrade's municipalities and the easternmost of all urban municipalities. It is located on both banks of the
Danube, which divides it in two: Šumadijasection (on the right bank) and Banatsection (on the left bank).
Šumadija section borders the municipalities of Stari Grad to the west, Vračar and Zvezdara to the south and
Grockato the extreme southeast. It also has a river border on the Danube to the province of Vojvodina(Municipality of Pančevo).
Banat section has no land borders to the other Belgrade municipalities, but has a river border on the Danube to the municipalities of
Zemunand Stari Grad. Danube also makes the complete western border to the rest of the Syrmiaregion in Vojvodina (municipality of Stara Pazova), while the river Tamišmakes the eastern border (municipalities of Pančevo and Opovo). On the extreme north, Palilula borders the municipality of Zrenjanin(village of Čentaon the "Karaš" canal which connects the Danube and the Tamiš).
Šumadija section marks the northernmost point of Šumadija with
Karaburmaheadland piking into the Danube. The prominent features in this part are the hills of Karaburma and "Milićevo brdo", the spa of Višnjička Banjaand the peninsula (formerly an island) Ada Huja.
Banat section is the extreme southwestern part of Banat region, known as
Pančevački Rit. A km2 to mi2|400|abbr=yes large flat marshy floodplainof the Danube and Tamiš, it has been drained since 1945 but still holds many features of a swamp, including slow, meandering and flooding streams ( Vizelj, Mokri Sebeš, "Jojkićev Dunavac", "Dunavac", etc) and marshy bogs (Sebeš, Veliko Blato, Široka Bara). An island of Kožarais located on the Danube, and is projected starting point of the future much larger artificial island of Čaplja. The spa of Ovčanska Banja is also located here. The area close to the Danube is heavily forested.
The municipality was created in 1956. On
January 3, 1957the municipality of Karaburma was annexed to it, while in 1965 the municipality of Krnjača (with entire Pančevački Rit) also administratively joined Palilula.
Presidents of the municipal assembly:
* 1997 - 2000; Gordana Todić (1955)
* 2000 -
October 21, 2004; Milan Marković (1970)
October 21, 2004- present; Danilo Bašić (1973)
Dunavski Venac and Čenta
The motion of separating the area of former municipality of Krnjača start gaining momentum in the 2000s, this time under the name of
Dunavski Venac. As procedure by the city statute provides that municipal assembly (in this case, of Palilula) needs to start the motion in the city assembly, after years of public agitation, the municipal assembly of Palilula agreed to do so in summer 2005, but it still didn't officially did so, so the organization for separation of Dunavski Venac announced it will go to the court.
The village of Čenta in the Vojvodina's municipality of Zrenjanin is located on the northern border of the municipality of Palilula. Now and then, a motions by the locals, not very vocal though, appear, asking for Čenta to be annexed to the City of Belgrade. Majority of population work on the territory of Belgrade and until recently, one regular bus line of Belgrade City public transportation was connecting Čenta to Belgrade.
With an estimated population of 157,924 on
December 31, 2005(155,902 according to the last census 2002), Palilula is the third most populous municipality of Belgrade (after Novi Beogradand Čukarica), but the growth of population, as in the rest of Belgrade, is slowing down. The major gainer of population in the municipality is still the suburb of Borča. Population of Palilula:
* 1961 - 89,141
* 1971 – 126,380 (census)
* 1981 – 150,484 (census)
* 1991 – 150,208 (census)
* 2002 – 155,902 (census)
* 2005 – 157,924 (estimate)
According to the 2002 Census of population:
Serbs= 135,586 (86.97%)
* Roma = 3,897 (2.50%)
Yugoslavs= 2,279 (1.46%)
Montenegrins= 1,858 (1.19%)
* Macedonians = 1,035 (0.66%)
Croats= 931 (0.59%)
Gorani= 836 (0.53%)
* Muslims = 823 (0.52%)
Romanians= 781 (0.50%)
Neighborhoods and settlements
Neighborhoods of urban Palilula on the right bank of the Danube:
"Neighborhoods of Borča:"
"Neighborhoods of Padinska Skela:"
Industry and adjoining economic activities are located mostly along the right bank of the Danube. It includes the highy industrialized neighborhoods of Viline Vode (TEMPO cash-and-carry center, several gravel and sand extracting companies on the Danube's bank, Beograd put, Centroprom, Martez, Tehnohemija, Jugopapir, Duga, Avala cardboard factory, Balkan, eastern part of the port Belgrade and the railway station Beograd-Dunav) and Ada Huja (hangars and companies for building and construction, including a series of concrete plants and gravel and aggregates storing and treating facilities, paper and cardboard factory Avala-Ada, furniture factory Novi Dom, gravel storages of Tembo and DV Trade, etc). It also includes a series of brickworks which occupy extensive areas of the northern ridge of the Field of Višnjica (Polet, Trudbenik, Jedinstvo, Kozara, Balkan, Rekord). There is also extensive industrial zone in Krnjača and agricultural industry in Padinska Skela.
Palilula is crisscrossed by some of the major railroads in Belgrade area: "Zrenjaninski put", "Pančevački put", "Višnjička street", "Slanački put", etc. The only Belgrade's bridge over the Danube,
Pančevo Bridge(with railway) is located in Palilula.
Intensive agrucultural production is developed in Banat section and eastern areas around Veliko Selo, producing large amounts of food (grains, fruits, vegetables, dairy products, etc) for the population of Belgrade. Palilula has the largest agricultural area of all municipalities of Belgrade. It covers an area of 298
square kilometers, or 66,5 % of the entire municipal territory. [Citation | last = | first = | author-link = Daliborka Mučibabić | title = Srpska prestonica u brojkama | newspaper = Politika| pages = p. 30 | language = Serbian | year = 2008 | date = 2008-04-26| url = ]
Culture, education and sports
Urban Palilula hosts some of the most important faculties within the
Belgrade University: the Technical Faculty, the Faculty of Law and the Mining and Geology Faculty. Also, the building of Radio Television of Serbia, St. Mark's Church, Tašmajdan Park, sports Pionir Halland the stadium of the OFK Belgradesoccer team are located in the municipality.
The beach of Bela Stena, and spas of Višnjička Banja and Ovčanska Banja are not used or developed enough. Belgrade's largest
kart racingtrack is located in Ada Huja. Future artificial island of Čapljaon the Danube is projected as the modern entertainment park, with aqua parks, golf courses, etc.
Palilula is twinned with following cities and municipalities [ [http://www.skgo.org/php/opstine/detalji.php?Id=44&IdSvojstva=MO] "Stalna konferencija gradova i opština". Retrieved on
Subdivisions of Belgrade
List of Belgrade neighborhoods and suburbs
* [http://www.palilula.org.yu Palilula Municipality Official Site]
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