Béarn


Béarn

:"This article is about the former French province, for the warship see French aircraft carrier Béarn"Béarn (Gascon: "Bearn" or "Biarn"; Basque: "Biarno") is a former province of France, located in the Pyrenees mountains and in the plain at their feet, in southwest France. Along with the three Basque provinces of Soule, Lower Navarre, and Labourd, the principality of Bidache, as well as small parts of Gascony, it forms in the southwest the current "département" of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (64). Pau was the capital of the former viscountcy of Béarn.

Béarn is bordered by Basque provinces Soule and Lower Navarre to the west, by Gascony (Landes and Armagnac) to the north, by Bigorre to the east, and by Spain (Aragon) to the south.

Today the mainstays of the Béarn area are the petroleum business, the aerospace industry through the helicopter manufacturer Turbomeca, tourism and agriculture. Pau was the birthplace of Elf Aquitaine, which has now become a part of Total petroleum company.

In Alexandre Dumas's The Three Musketeers series, the protagonist d'Artagnan was from Béarn (he mentions having attended his father's funeral there in the second book, Twenty Years After). That d'Artagnan is usually referred to as a Gascon is neither surprising nor incorrect, as Béarn is sometimes considered a part of Gascony.

People from Béarn

* Alexander Gordon Bearn
* Alejo Peyret
* Charles XIV John of Sweden King of Sweden and Norway (where he was known as Karl III Johan) from 1818 to 1844
* François Bayrou - Candidate in the 2007 French presidential elections
* Gaston Planté - French physicist who invented the lead acid battery in 1859
* Henry IV of France - Ruled as King of France from 1589 to 1610
* Jeanne III of Navarre - Queen regnant of Navarre from 1555 to 1572 and mother of King Henry IV of France
* Jean-Jacques Caux
* Pierre Bourdieu

ee also

* Bearnaise sauce
* Bearnese language

* Fors de Béarn
* Laruns - Laruns is a typical Bearnese village and commune
* Pau Pyrénées Airport

* Viscountcy of Béarn
* Viscounts of Béarn

External links

* [http://www.pau-online.com/english/index.php Pau-online.com ]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bearn — Béarn Pour les articles homonymes, voir Béarn (homonymie). Béarn Ancien État Souverain Bearn ou Biarn béarnais …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bearn — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Para otros usos de este término, véase Bearn (desambiguación). Situación de Bearn (la línea roja indica el área de extensión del dominio lingüístico occitano). Bearn (Béarn en francés, Biarn o Béarn en …   Wikipedia Español

  • BÉARN — Province du sud ouest de la France qui a formé plus de la moitié est du département des Pyrénées Atlantiques (chef lieu, Pau). La vicomté de Béarn, créée au IXe siècle, fut l’un de ces États pyrénéens qui associaient la montagne pastorale à un… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Béarn — [bā ȧrn′, bāȧr′] historical region in SW France, in the Pyrenees * * * Bé·arn (bā ärnʹ) A historical region and former province of southwest France in the western Pyrenees. The region was autonomous until 1620. * * * Historical region and former… …   Universalium

  • Bearn — steht für: Béarn, alte französische Provinz am Fuß der Pyrenäen Béarn (1920), französischer Flugzeugträger Alexander Gordon Bearn (1923–2009), britisch amerikanischer Mediziner und Genetiker Gaston de Béarn ( 1365–1381), , Adliger Pierre Béarn… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bearn — Bearn, Béarn Désigne en principe celui qui est originaire du Béarn. Seul problème, c est en Béarn qu il est essentiellement porté. Il faudrait vérifier que le nom n a pas été utilisé comme nom de baptême au moyen âge …   Noms de famille

  • Béarn — Bearn, Béarn Désigne en principe celui qui est originaire du Béarn. Seul problème, c est en Béarn qu il est essentiellement porté. Il faudrait vérifier que le nom n a pas été utilisé comme nom de baptême au moyen âge …   Noms de famille

  • Bearn — Bearn, n. See {Bairn}. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Bearn — m. Béarn …   Diccionari Personau e Evolutiu

  • Béarn — Béarn, 1) Grafschaft in dem südwestlichen Winkel Frankreichs, mit Bayonne u. Mauléon das jetzige Departement Nieder Pyrenäen begreifend; wird von einem kräftigen, arbeitsamen u. nüchternen Volksstamme (Bearner) bewohnt, welcher in den höher… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Béarn — Béarn, ehemalige Provinz in Südfrankreich (s. die Geschichtskarte bei »Frankreich«), am Fuß der Pyrenäen, grenzte im O. an die Grafschaft Bigorre, im N. an Armagnac und Turfan, im W. an Niedernavarra und im S. an Aragonien, hatte Pau zur… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.