- Four Wheel Drive
:"This article is about the vehicle manufacturer. See
Four by four/Four-wheel drive (disambiguation)for other uses."
The Four Wheel Drive Auto Company, more often known as Four Wheel Drive or just FWD, was founded in 1909 in
Clintonville, Wisconsinas the Badger Four-Wheel Drive Auto Company by Otto Zachowand William Besserdich.
Zachow and Besserdich developed and built the first successful
four-wheel drive(4x4) car, the "Battleship", in 1908. Its success led to the founding of the company. "Badger" was dropped from the name in 1910, and the name was changed to FWD Corporation in 1958.
The success of the four-wheel drive in early military tests prompted the company to switch from cars to trucks. In two
world wars, U.S. and Allied armies depended on such four-wheel drive vehicles.
FWD vehicles were made with a track width of 4ft 8½in so they could quickly be used on a
standard gaugerailway line merely by changing the wheels.
A British subsidiary was set up at
Sloughin 1921. In 1926, the British FWD, also known as the Quad, was produced with a larger 70bhp engine.
In 1932, AEC took a controlling interest in the British company and began to use more standard AEC components in the Slough-built vehicles. To distinguish these from imported U.S. FWD vehicles, they were marketed under the name Hardy. Production ceased about 1936, but AEC exploited its experience with all-wheel drive in its
Second World WarMatador (4x4) and Marshall (6x6) vehicles.
* [http://www.hankstruckpictures.com/fwd.htm FWD Truck Pictures (Hank's Truck Pictures)]
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Look at other dictionaries:
four-wheel drive — four′ wheel drive′ n. aum a drive system in which engine power is transmitted to all four wheels of a vehicle for improved traction • Etymology: 1925–30 four′ wheel drive′, adj … From formal English to slang
four-wheel drive — four wheel drives N COUNT A four wheel drive is a vehicle in which all four wheels receive power from the engine to help with steering. This makes the vehicle easier to drive on rough roads or surfaces such as sand or snow … English dictionary
four-wheel drive — four wheel drive, adj. Auto. 1. a drive system in which engine power is transmitted to all four wheels for improved traction. 2. a vehicle having such a system. Abbr.: 4WD [1925 30] * * * … Universalium
four-wheel drive — n [U and C] a system in a vehicle which gives the power of the engine to all four wheels to make it easier to drive, or a vehicle that has this type of system … Dictionary of contemporary English
four-wheel drive — noun uncount a system that provides power to all four wheels of a vehicle a. count a vehicle that has this system … Usage of the words and phrases in modern English
four-wheel drive — ► NOUN ▪ a transmission system which provides power directly to all four wheels of a vehicle … English terms dictionary
four-wheel-drive — fourˈ wheel driveˈ adjective • • • Main Entry: ↑four … Useful english dictionary
Four-wheel drive — This article is about the class of vehicle drivetrains. For other uses, see Four by four/Four wheel drive (disambiguation). All wheel drive redirects here. For the all wheel drive in motorcycles, see two wheel drive. The Jeep Wrangler is a 4WD… … Wikipedia
four-wheel drive — (4WD) A type of drive system in which both front wheels are connected to its own differential and axles, and both back wheels are connected to its own differential and axles. Between these two differentials there is a transfer case which allows… … Dictionary of automotive terms
four-wheel drive — noun 1. a motor vehicle with a four wheel drive transmission system • Syn: ↑4WD • Hypernyms: ↑motor vehicle, ↑automotive vehicle 2. a transmission that provides power directly to all four wheels of a motor vehicle • Syn: ↑4WD … Useful english dictionary