- Soviet Volunteer Group
The Soviet Volunteer Group was the ostensibly volunteer
Soviet air forceto support the Republic of Chinaduring the Second Sino-Japanese Warbetween 1937and 1941. After the Marco Polo Bridge Incident, the Sino-Soviet Non-Aggression Pactwas signed and large Soviet support was given to China by the Soviet Union, including the volunteer squadrons. Of about 500 aircraft supplied, half were turned over to the Chinese Air Force and half were flown and maintained by personnel from the USSR. The Soviet air units were stationed at bases near the cities of Nanjing, Hankou, and Chongqing, and at Lanzhouin China's northwest at the terminus of the Russian supply route. The Russian commander is identified in most histories as a General Asanov. [John Erickson, "The Soviet High Command: A Military-Political History, 1918-1941", p.491]
The squadrons were withdrawn in 1941 after the Non-aggression pact between the Soviet Union and Japan in 1941.
There are several monuments in China, including one in Jiefang Gongyuan (Liberation Park) in Wuhan.
[http://www.j-aircraft.com/research/George_Mellinger/soviet_fighters_in_the_sky_of_ch.htm Soviet Fighters in the Sky of China ]
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