- Linn Boyd
name =Linn Boyd
office =Speaker of the United States House of Representatives
December 1, 1851
March 4, 1855
Millard Fillmore Franklin Pierce
successor =Nathaniel P. Banks
order2 =Member of U.S. House of Representatives
Kentucky's 1st district
March 4, 1835
March 3, 1837 March 4, 1839– March 4, 1855
Chittenden Lyon John L. Murray
John L. Murray
Henry C. Burnett
Lieutenant Governor of Kentucky
predecessor3 =James G. Hardy
successor3 =Richard T. Jacob
November 22, 1800
December 17, 1859(aged 59)
net worth =
Linn Boyd (
November 22, 1800– December 17, 1859) was a prominent U.S. politician of the 1840s and 1850s, and served as Speaker of the United States House of Representativesfrom 1851 to 1855. Boyd was elected to the House as a Democrat from Kentuckyfrom 1835 to 1837 and again from 1839 to 1855, serving seven terms in the House. Boyd County, Kentuckyis named in his honor.
Boyd served in the
Kentucky House of Representativesafter first winning election in 1827. He represented Calloway County and his father represented neighboring Trigg County. In 1831 Boyd moved to Trigg County and was elected to the House again from there.
In 1833 Boyd lost his first campaign for the
United States House of Representatives. In 1835 he was elected to the House and served there until 1837 when a Whig landslide cost him his seat. Boyd soon returned to the House, serving from 1839 through 1855. He was a strong supporter of President Andrew Jackson. Boyd played a key role in maneuvering the annexation of Texasthrough Congress during the term of President John Tylerin 1845. Boyd was also important in getting the Compromise of 1850, chiefly credited to Henry Clay, passed through Congress. Largely though his prominence in shepherding the Compromise of 1850to passage, Boyd was elected Speaker of the Housein 1851 and held that office until 1855.
Boyd got his party's nomination for
Governor of Kentuckyin 1848, but had declined to run and was replaced by Lazarus W. Powell. His name was also put forth as a candidate for Vice President of the United Statesat the 1856 Democratic National Convention, but was never officially nominated, the eventual nominee being fellow Kentuckian John C. Breckinridge.
Boyd was elected
Lieutenant Governor of Kentuckyin 1859 but died shortly thereafter. This became significant with the onset of the Civil War. Governor Beriah Magoffin, supportive of slavery, secessionand states' rights, became increasingly unpopular and distrusted as Kentuckysought to maintain a neutral course between the Union and the Confederate States of America. Unionists held a two-thirds majority in both houses of the Kentucky General Assemblyin summer 1861 and frequently overrode Magoffin's vetos. By August 1862 Magoffin made it clear that he was willing to resign the governorship. However, due to Linn Boyd's death, the person next in line to become Governor of Kentuckywas Speaker of the Senate John F. Fisk, who was unacceptable to Magoffin. Fisk resigned as Speaker and was replaced by James F. Robinson. Magoffin resigned; Robinson became governor and Fisk was reinstalled as Speaker of the Senate.
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