Leopold VI, Duke of Austria

Leopold VI, Duke of Austria

Leopold VI (1176 – 28 July 1230), called the Glorious, from the House of Babenberg, was Duke of Austria from 1198 to 1230 and of Styria from 1194 to 1230.

Leopold was the younger son of Duke Leopold V. In contravention of the provisions of the Georgenberg Pact, the Babenberg reign was divided after the death of Leopold V: Leopold's elder brother, Frederick I, was given the Duchy of Austria (corresponding roughly to modern Lower Austria and eastern Upper Austria), while Leopold himself became Duke of Styria. Both duchies were reunified when Frederick died after only four years of rule.

Leopold VI participated in the Reconquista in Spain and in two crusades, the Albigensian Crusade in 1212 and the failed Fifth Crusade from 1217 to 1221, and—like his predecessors—attempted to develop the land by founding monasteries. His most important foundation is Lilienfeld in the Lower Austrian valley of the Traisen river, where he was buried after his death. Besides that, he supported the then highly modern Mendicant Orders of the Franciscans and Dominicans. He elevated Enns to the status of a city in 1212, and Vienna in 1221, the territory of which was nearly doubled.

Under Leopold's rule, the Gothic style began to reach Austria - the "Cappella Speciosa" in his temporary residence of Klosterneuburg is known as the first building influenced by it in the Danube area - a reconstruction of it can be seen today in the palace gardens of Laxenburg.

Babenbergian Austria reached the zenith of its prestige under Leopold's rule. Evidence of this is given by his marriage to the Byzantine princess Theodora Angelina and his attempt to mediate between Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II and Pope Gregory IX, which he was working on when he died in 1230 in Italy.

Leopold's court is known as a center of the Minnesang, e.g., Walther von der Vogelweide, Neidhart von Reuental and Ulrich von Liechtenstein were active here. Also, the "Nibelungenlied" may have been written in his court.

Leopold died at San Germano in 1230.


Leopold and Theodora Angelina had seven children:
# Margaret, Duchess of Austria (1204-February 28, 1266). Married firstly with Henry, elder son and presumptive heir of the Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II, and when he died, she married with the King Ottokar II of Bohemia.
# Agnes of Austria (February 19, 1205-August 29, 1226). Married Albert II, Duke of Saxony.
# Leopold of Austria (1207-1216).
# Henry of Austria (1208-November 28, 1228), Duke of Mödling. Married Agnes of Thuringia; their only daughter, Gertrudis, was the general heiress of the House of Babenberg after the death of her uncle.
# Gertrude of Austria (1210-1241). Married Henry IV Raspe, Landgrave of Thuringia.
# Frederick II, Duke of Austria (25 April 1211-June 15, 1246).
# Constance of Austria (April 6, 1212-June 5, 1243). Married Henry III, Margrave of Meissen.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Leopold III, Duke of Austria — Duke Leopold III of Austria (November 1, 1351 ndash; July 9, 1386) from the Habsburg family, was Duke of Austria from 1365 to 1379, and duke of Styria and Carinthia (Inner Austria) in 1365–1386. LifeBorn in Vienna, Leopold was a younger son of… …   Wikipedia

  • Leopold V, Duke of Austria — Leopold V (1157 ndash; December 31, 1194), the Virtuous , was a Babenberg duke of Austria from 1177 to 1194 and Styria from 1192 to 1194.Leopold was the son of Henry II Jasomirgott and his Byzantine wife Theodora Comnena. In 1172 he married… …   Wikipedia

  • Leopold I, Duke of Austria — Leopold I (August 4, 1290 February 28, 1326) was a Duke of Austria and Styria from the Habsburg family. He was the third son of King Albert I of Germany and Elisabeth of Tirol. He was a brother of Duke Frederick III the Handsome (also King of the …   Wikipedia

  • Leopold IV, Duke of Austria — Leopold IV of Austria, Duke of Further Austria (1371 June 3, 1411) was an Austrian Habsburg Duke of the Leopoldinian Line .He was the second son of Leopold III. His eldest brother Duke William of Inner Austria took him as his effective co ruler,… …   Wikipedia

  • Leopold III, Margrave of Austria — Saint Leopold Statue of Leopold, in the St. Leopold side chapel in the southern aisle of the Stephansdom. Born 1050 Melk, Austria Died November 15, 1136 Abbey of …   Wikipedia

  • Leopold, Grand Duke of Baden — Leopold I Reign 30 March 1830 24 April 1852 ( 1000000000000002200000022 years, 1000000000000002500000025 days) Predecessor Louis I Spouse …   Wikipedia

  • Leopold IV, Duke of Bavaria — Leopold IV, the Generous (c. 1108 ndash;October 18, 1141) was Margrave of Austria from 1136 and Duke of Bavaria from 1139 until his death.He was one of the younger sons of Margrave Leopold III, the Holy. It is not known why he was originally… …   Wikipedia

  • Frederick IV, Duke of Austria — Frederick IV, Duke of Further of Austria, also known as Frederick of the Empty Pockets (1382 June 24, 1439) was the Habsburg duke of Further Austria from 1402, and Count of Tyrol from 1406, until his death. He was the younger son of Leopold III,… …   Wikipedia

  • Albert II, Duke of Austria — Albert II of Austria (December 12, 1298 ndash; August 16, 1358, known as the Wise or the Lame ) was Duke of Austria.LifeAlbert II was born at Habsburg, the son of Albert I of Germany, Rex Romanorum , and Elisabeth of Tirol. He became the joint… …   Wikipedia

  • Albert III, Duke of Austria — Albert III of Austria (September 9, 1349 ndash;August 29, 1395), known as Albert with the Pigtail (German: Herzog Albrecht III mit dem Copfe ), was a duke of Austria and a member of the House of Habsburg.LifeAlbert III was born in Vienna, the 3rd …   Wikipedia