- Yamaha SY77
synth_name = SY77
synth_manufacturer = Yamaha
synthesis_type = Digital Frequency modulation, Digital Sample-based
polyphony = 32 (16 FM, 16 sampled)
keyboard = 61 keys with velocity and aftertouch
left_control = Pitch-bend, 2 modulation wheel
dates = 1990 - ?
Yamaha SY77 is a 16 voice
multitimbralmusic workstation ( synthesizer) utilizing Realtime Convolution and Modulation Synthesis (RC&M). The convolution synthesis takes place by emulation of analog filter operation, filtering the AFM and AWM2 elements in a voice. Eight filters can be controlled by dedicated envelope generators. It is notable for being the most recent Yamaha "flagship" workstation to have FM synthesis, though the later EX series limited capabilities for FM and the Motif and Motif ES lines have the option available though expansion cards.
SY77 is equipped with 61 key velocity, aftertouch keyboard and has a large LCD display located above the keyboard. Programming takes place through a keypad on the front panel of the unit. The unit can generate rich, layered, multitimbral sounds very characteristic to the FM synthesis. There are large libraries of patches and expansion cards available for TG77 that allow for expansion of tonal capabilities of the unit. The unit came into production in 1990 and was designed and manufactured by Yamaha Corporation.
When it was released in 1990, initial prices were close to $3000-$4000 USD. It was discontinued sometime between 1995 and 1997 and was replaced as the flagship for Yamaha by the EX series. The SY-77 continues to be seen on the used instrument market in prices ranging from $450-$700 USD. Sound sets are also sold online, featuring custom made "professional quality" patches and presets, ranging from classic synthesizers and ambient pads to percussion and organ. These sound sets can fetch up to $150 on the market, seen in floppy discs, each being able to hold close to 400 sounds. A relatively fast upload speed thanks to its quality drive can finish uploading all of those sounds in roughly 30 seconds.
* [http://www.nosuch.com/mostly-midi/archive/yamaha.sy77 SY77 Specs]
* [http://www.soundonsound.com/sos/sep01/articles/retrofmpt2.asp Sounds of the 80s article]
* [http://www.vintagesynth.com YAMAHA SY77]
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