4th Queen's Own Hussars


4th Queen's Own Hussars

Infobox Military Unit
unit_name= 4th Queen's Own Hussars


caption= Crest of the 4th Queen's Own Hussars
dates= 1685 - 1958
country= United Kingdom
branch= British Army
type= Cavalry of the Line [List of British Army regiments (1881)] /Royal Armoured Corps
role= Light Cavalry
size= 550 men
command_structure=
garrison=
current_commander=
Regimental Headquarters= London
ceremonial_chief= Sir Winston Churchill
ceremonial_chief_label=Colonel-in-Chief
colonel_of_the_regiment=
nickname=
identification_symbol=
identification_symbol_label=
identification_symbol_2=
identification_symbol_2_label=
motto=Mente et Manu
march=Berkeley's Dragoons (quick),Litany of Loretto (slow)
anniversaries=Salamanca Day, Balaklava Day, St Patrick's Day

The 4th Queen's Own Hussars was a cavalry regiment in the British Army, first raised in 1685. It saw service for three centuries, before being amalgamated into The Queen's Royal Irish Hussars in 1958.

The regiment was first raised as The Princess Anne of Denmark's Regiment of Dragoons in 1685, by the regimenting of various independent troops, and ranked as the 4th Dragoons. In 1751, it was formally titled as the 4th Regiment of Dragoons, and in 1788 named for Queen Charlotte as the 4th (Queen's Own) Regiment of Dragoons.

The regiment was designated light dragoons in 1818, becoming the 4th (The Queen's Own) Regiment of (Light) Dragoons, and as hussars in 1861 as the 4th (Queen's Own) Hussars. After service in the First World War, the regiment retitled as 4th Queen's Own Hussars in 1921.

The regiment mechanised in 1936 and was transferred to the Royal Armoured Corps in 1939. The regiment survived the immediate post-war reduction in forces, but was slated for reduction in the 1957 Defence White Paper, and was amalgamated with the 8th King's Royal Irish Hussars, to form the The Queen's Royal Irish Hussars the following year.

History

The 4th Hussars fought throughout Wellington's Peninsula Campaign and gained distinction in the Afghan War. They participated in one of the most glorious actions of the British Cavalry when they charged with the Light Brigade at Balaclava alongside the 8th Hussars. Private Samuel Parks was awarded the Victoria Cross during the charge for saving the life of the Trumpet Major. The Regiment served in France for the duration of the First World War, winning 21 Battle honours and nearly 100 awards for gallantry. They mechanised in 1936, transferring from their traditional place as Cavalry of the Line to the Royal Armoured Corps and saw extensive action during the 2nd World War in Greece, the Western Dessert (El Alamein) and Italy.

*World War 2 The regiment was posted to The Middle East, arriving on 31st December 1940 [ [http://www.btinternet.com/~ian.a.paterson/WarDiaries/4th_Hussars/4thH1940.htm War Diary of the 4th Hussars in 1940 ] ] . As part of the 1st Armoured Brigade they were attached to the 6th Australian Infantry Division and fought in the Greek Campaign. Fighting as the rearguard in the Corinth Canal Bridge action the regiment was over-run and surrendered losing all senior officers and over 400 men as prisoners of war. In June 1941 the regiment was reconstituted in Cairo and rejoined the 1st Armoured Brigade as part of the 8th Army. Badly mauled during the battles around Gazala and having lost almost an entire squadron (which was attached to the London Yeomanry) the regiment was temporarily amalgamated with the (similarly depleted) 8th King's Royal Irish Hussars to form the 4th/8th Hussars [ [http://www.ian.a.paterson.btinternet.co.uk/orgarmour.htm#H4 Armour Regiments Page ] ] . A portent of things to come perhaps as this partnership, along with their previous association with the 8th in the Charge of the Light Brigade made them both ideal candidates for the amalgamation which would follow in 1958.

The Postwar Period

At the end of the 2nd World War the 4th Hussars served in the Malayan Campaign before deploying to Germany and amalgamating with the 8th Hussar's in 1958.

Churchill

Sir Winston Churchill, 'the Greatest Hussar of them all' was commissioned as a Cornet into the 4 Hussars in January 1899. He later became the Colonel of the Regiment from 1941 until his death in 1965.

References

*cite web
url=http://www.regiments.org/regiments/uk/cav/D04h.htm
title=4th Queen's Own Hussars
accessmonthday=March 30
accessyear=2007
last=Mills
first=T.F.
work=regiments.org
Includes chronological index of titles.

External links

Regimental Association [http://www.qrh.org.uk/] . As the regiment has amalgamated again since 1958 the current association is that of the Queen's Royal Hussars.


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