- Bulbar palsy
Name = Bulbar Palsy
DiseasesDB = 16043
ICD10 = ICD10|G|12|2|LinkGroup|LinkMajor
ICD9 = ICD9|334.22
Bulbar palsy refers to bilateral impairment of function of the lower
cranial nervesIX, X, XI and XII, which occurs due to lower motor neuron lesion either at nuclear or fascicular level in the medulla or from bilateral lesions of the lower cranial nerves outside the brain-stem.Bulbar Palsy is an assortment of signs and symptoms, not the name of a precise disease.
* Vascular causes: medullary infarction
* Degenerative diseases:
motor neuron disease, syringobulbia
Guillain-Barré syndrome, poliomyelitis, Lyme disease
* Malignancy: brain-stem
dysphagia(difficulty in swallowing)
* difficulty in chewing
* nasal regurgitation
* slurring of speech
* choking on liquids
* Nasal speech lacking in modulation and difficulty with all consonants
* Tongue is wasted and shows
* Dribbling of saliva.
* Weakness of the soft palate, examined by asking the patient to say aah.
* The jaw jerk is normal or absent.
gag reflexis absent.
* In addition, there may be
lower motor neuronlesions of the limbs. Pseudobulbar palsyis a clinical syndrome similar to bulbar palsy but the damage is occurred in upper motor neurons, that is the nerves cells come down from the cerebral cortex inervating the motor nuclei in the medulla.
Progressive bulbar palsy
External link for a comparison of bulbar palsy with pseudobulbar palsy:
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
bulbar palsy — see progressive bulbar p … Medical dictionary
Progressive bulbar palsy — Infobox Disease Name = PAGENAME Caption = DiseasesDB = ICD10 = ICD10|G|12|2|g|10 ICD9 = ICD9|335.22 ICDO = OMIM = MedlinePlus = eMedicineSubj = eMedicineTopic = MeshName = Bulbar+Palsy,+Progressive MeshNumber = C10.574.562.300 Progressive Bulbar… … Wikipedia
Infantile progressive bulbar palsy — is a rare type of progressive bulbar palsy that occurs in children. The disease exists in both rapid and slow onsets, and involves inflammation of the gray matter of the bulb (Wilson 1909). Infantile PBP is a disease that manifests itself in two… … Wikipedia
progressive bulbar palsy of childhood — progressive infantile bulbar palsy a rare type of progressive bulbar palsy that occurs in young children. Called also Fazio Londe atrophy or disease … Medical dictionary
progressive bulbar palsy — progressive paralysis and atrophy of the muscles of the lips, tongue, mouth, pharynx, and larynx due to lesions of the motor nuclei of the lower brainstem. It is a chronic, generally fatal disease with onset usually in late adulthood; onset may… … Medical dictionary
spastic bulbar palsy — pseudobulbar paralysis … Medical dictionary
bulbar paralysis — n destruction of nerve centers of the medulla oblongata and paralysis of the parts innervated from the medulla with interruption of their functions (as swallowing or speech) * * * progressive bulbar palsy … Medical dictionary
bulbar syndrome — any syndrome caused by a lesion in the medulla and its nuclei, with paralysis of the cranial nerves originating there; cf. progressive bulbar palsy. Called also Dejerine s … Medical dictionary
Palsy — Paralysis, generally partial, whereby a local body area is incapable of voluntary movement (motor function). For example, Bell’s palsy is localized paralysis of the muscles on one side of the face. The word “palsy” is a corruption (and… … Medical dictionary
Pseudobulbar palsy — Infobox Disease Name = PAGENAME Caption = DiseasesDB = 10826 ICD10 = ICD9 = ICD9|335.23 ICDO = OMIM = MedlinePlus = eMedicineSubj = eMedicineTopic = MeshID = D020828 Pseudobulbar palsy is bilateral impairment of the function of the lower cranial… … Wikipedia