State of Yue

State of Yue

Infobox Former Country
native_name = aut||conventional_long_name = State of Yue
common_name = Yue
national_motto =
continent = moved from Category:Asia to East Asia
region = East Asia
country = China
era =
status = Kingdom
government_type = Monarchy
year_start = BCE
year_end = 334 BCE
p1 = Xia Dynasty
p2 = Warring States Period
s1 = Minyue
s2 = Han Dynasty
event_start =
event_end = Defeated by Han Dynasty, became Minyue
event1 =
date_event1 =
event2 =
date_event2 =
event3 =
date_event3 =
event4 =
date_event4 =
event5 =
date_event5 =

image_map_caption = in BCE
capital =
common_languages = Old Chinese, Native language on the non sinicized aboriginals
religion = Chinese folk religion, ancestor worship
Philosophy =
currency = Chinese coin
leader1 =
leader2 =
year_leader1 = BCE– BCE
year_leader2 = BCE– BCE
title_leader = King
deputy1 =
year_deputy1 = BCE– BCE
title_deputy = Chancellor
legislature =
stat_year1 = BCE
stat_area1 =
stat_pop1 =

Yue (zh-cp|c=越國|p=yuègúo) was a state in China which existed during the Spring and Autumn Period and the Warring States Period, in modern Zhejiang. During the Springs and Autumns, its capital was in Guiji (会稽), near the modern city of Shaoxing. After the conquest of Wu, the kings of Yue moved their capital north, to Wu (modern Suzhou).

According to Sima Qian, its rulers claimed to be descended from Yu the Great, and the annotation to the Guoyu mention that their surname was Mi (the same as the kings of Chu).

Ancient Chinese texts do not mention Yue until the wars which opposed it to its northern neighbour, the state of Wu, in the late 6th century BC. After several decades of conflict, King Goujian of Yue managed to destroy and annex Wu in 473 BC, and Yue became one of the powerful states in the early Warring States Period.

In 334 BC, the State of Yue, under the rule of Wu Jiang, the sixth generation descendant of Goujian, was eventually defeated and annexed by Chu. The second son of Wu Jiang, Ming Di, was appointed by the ruler of Chu to administer a place called Wu Cheng (present day Wu Xing county of Zhejiang province), which was situated south of Ou Yang Ting (pavilion), so named because it was built on the south and yang (sunny) side of the Ou Yu Mountain, and hence was given the title of Ou Yang Ting Hou (the equivalent of Marquis). After Chu was subjugated by Qin during the period of the Warring States in 223 BC, the title was abolished by the Qin Emperor Ying Zheng. The descendants took up the surname Ou, Ouyang or Ou Hou (since disappeared) in remembrance of his official title.

After the fall of Yue, the ruling family moved to Fujian and set up the Minyue kingdom, which did not fall until ~150 BC by the Han Dynasty. Minyue cities, neatly constructed from stone, were excavated in Fujian and tombs showing the Yue burial customs were recently discovered.

The state was famous for the quality of its metalworking, in particular its swords. Examples include the extremely-well preserved Sword of Goujian and sword of King Zhou Gou (州勾). The beauty Xi Shi was a native of the state.

ee also

* Yue (peoples)

External links

* Eric Henry: [ The Submerged History of Yuè] ("Sino-Platonic Papers" 176, May 2007; PDF)

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