- State of Yue
Infobox Former Country
native_name = aut||conventional_long_name = State of Yue
common_name = Yue
continent = moved from Category:Asia to East Asia
region = East Asia
country = China
status = Kingdom
government_type = Monarchy
year_start = BCE
year_end = 334 BCE
p1 = Xia Dynasty
p2 = Warring States Period
s1 = Minyue
s2 = Han Dynasty
event_end = Defeated by Han Dynasty, became
image_map_caption = in BCE
Old Chinese, Native language on the non sinicized aboriginals
Chinese folk religion, ancestor worship
year_leader1 = BCE– BCE
year_leader2 = BCE– BCE
title_leader = King
year_deputy1 = BCE– BCE
title_deputy = Chancellor
stat_year1 = BCE
Yue (zh-cp|c=越國|p=yuègúo) was a state in
Chinawhich existed during the Spring and Autumn Periodand the Warring States Period, in modern Zhejiang. During the Springs and Autumns, its capital was in Guiji (会稽), near the modern city of Shaoxing. After the conquest of Wu, the kings of Yue moved their capital north, to Wu (modern Suzhou).
Ancient Chinese texts do not mention Yue until the wars which opposed it to its northern neighbour, the state of Wu, in the late
6th century BC. After several decades of conflict, King Goujianof Yue managed to destroy and annex Wu in 473 BC, and Yue became one of the powerful states in the early Warring States Period.
334 BC, the State of Yue, under the rule of Wu Jiang, the sixth generation descendant of Goujian, was eventually defeated and annexed by Chu. The second son of Wu Jiang, Ming Di, was appointed by the ruler of Chu to administer a place called Wu Cheng (present day Wu Xing county of Zhejiangprovince), which was situated south of Ou Yang Ting (pavilion), so named because it was built on the south and yang (sunny) side of the Ou Yu Mountain, and hence was given the title of Ou Yang Ting Hou (the equivalent of Marquis). After Chu was subjugated by Qin during the period of the Warring States in 223 BC, the title was abolished by the Qin Emperor Ying Zheng. The descendants took up the surname Ou, Ouyangor Ou Hou (since disappeared) in remembrance of his official title.
After the fall of Yue, the ruling family moved to
Fujianand set up the Minyuekingdom, which did not fall until ~ 150 BCby the Han Dynasty. Minyue cities, neatly constructed from stone, were excavated in Fujian and tombs showing the Yue burial customs were recently discovered.
The state was famous for the quality of its metalworking, in particular its swords. Examples include the extremely-well preserved
Sword of Goujianand sword of King Zhou Gou (州勾). The beauty Xi Shiwas a native of the state.
* Eric Henry: [http://sino-platonic.org/complete/spp176_history_of_yue.pdf The Submerged History of Yuè] ("Sino-Platonic Papers" 176, May 2007;
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
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