- Edmund Plowden
Edmund Plowden (1518 Plowden Hall,
Lydbury, Shropshire, England- 6 February 1585 London, England) was a distinguished English lawyer, legal scholar and theorist during the late Tudor period.
Educated at the
University of Cambridge, Plowden did not take a degree, and proceeded to the Middle Templein 1538 to study law. Subsequent to studies at Oxford, he qualified as a surgeon and physician in 1552.
Upon the accession of the Catholic Queen Mary, Plowden was appointed one of the Council of the Marches (of
Wales). In 1553, he was elected Member of Parliament for Wallingford (then in Berkshirenow in Oxfordshire), followed, the next year, by the same office for both Reading, Berkshireand Wootton Bassettin Wiltshire. He lived mostly at Shiplake Courtin Oxfordshire and Wokefield Parkin Berkshire. The unusual breadth of his religious views were shown early in his career when he, however, withdrew from the House, on 12 January 1555, because he disapproved of the proceedings there.
His loyalty to the Roman Catholic faith, prevented Edmund Plowden from further promotion under
Queen Elizabeth I, and he received increasing suspicion from members of the Privy Council. At one time, Queen Elizabeth wished to elevate Plowden to the Lord Chancellorship, requiring that abandon Catholicism for and adopt the Anglicanfaith. However, Plowden declined through an eloquent defense of his faith, and a bold statement denouncing religious persecution. Despite this, Plowden continued in the Queen's employ in his capacity as a lawyer.
He sought to assist those of his faith, including his defense of Robert Horne,
Bishop of Winchester. On one occasion, while defending a gentleman charged with hearing Mass, he worked out that the service had been performed by a layman for the sole purpose of informing against those present, and exclaimed, "The case is altered; no priest, no Mass", and thus secured an acquittal. This incident has given rise to a common legal proverb: "The case is altered, quoth Plowden".
Plowden is noted today for his legal scholarship and theory, in his written works, which include "Les comentaries ou les reportes de Edmunde Plowden" (1571) (otherwise known as "Quares del Monsieur Plowden"). "A Treatise on Succession" attempted to prove that
Mary, Queen of Scots, was not debarred from the English throne under Henry VIII's will. Several of Plowden's manuscripts, commentaries, and legal opinions are preserved in the British Libraryand in the libraries of the University of Cambridge.
He was the son of Humphrey Plowden (1490-1557) and Elizabeth Wollascot (nee Sturry) (?-1599). Plowden married Catherine Sheldon of Beoley and by her had three sons and three daughters. He died on
6 February 1585, in London and was entombed in the Temple Church.
* [http://www.berkshirehistory.com/bios/eplowden.html Royal Berkshire History: Edmund Plowden]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Edmund Plowden — Edmund Plowden † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Edmund Plowden Born 1517 8; died in London, 6 Feb., 1584 5. Son of Humphrey Plowden of Plowden Hall, Shropshire, and Elizabeth his wife, educated at Cambridge, he took no degree. In 1538 he was … Catholic encyclopedia
Edmund Plowden (colonial governor) — For Edmund Plowden (1518 1585), English legal scholar and theorist, see Edmund Plowden. Sir Edmund Plowden (1590 ndash; July 1659 in Lydbury, Shropshire, England) also titled Lord Earl Palatinate, Governor and Captain General of the Province of… … Wikipedia
Plowden — is a surname, and may refer to:* Alison Plowden * David Plowden * Edmund Plowden * Edmund Plowden (colonial governor) * Francis Plowden * Robert Plowden, English Jesuit * Walter Plowden * William Plowden * William Chichele Plowden See also *… … Wikipedia
Plowden's Buildings, Chambers — In the Middle Temple, near Essex Court (P.O. Directory). Mentioned 1676 (In. Temple Records, p.123). Named after Edmund Plowden, an eminent lawyer temp. Q. Elizabeth … Dictionary of London
Plowden, Edmund — • English jurist and writer (1517 1584) Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 … Catholic encyclopedia
Charles Plowden — Charles Plowden † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Charles Plowden Born at Plowden Hall, Shropshire, 1743; died at Jougne, Doubs, France, 13 June, 1821. He was lineally descended from Edmund Plowden, the celebrated lawyer. The family adhered… … Catholic encyclopedia
Charles Plowden — (born at Plowden Hall, Shropshire, 1743; died at Jougne, Doubs, France, 13 June 1821) was an English Jesuit teacher, writer and administrator. Life He was descended from Edmund Plowden, in a Catholic family. Educated at the College of St Omer, he … Wikipedia
Thomas Plowden — Thomas Plowden † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Thomas Plowden (Alias Salisbury). Born in Oxfordshire, England, 1594; died in London, 13 Feb., 1664; grandson of Edmund Plowden, the great lawyer; entered the Society of Jesus, 1617; sent… … Catholic encyclopedia
Alison Plowden — Alison Margaret Chichele Plowden (18 December 1931 ndash;17 August 2007) was an English historian and biographer well known for her popular non fiction about the Tudor period.She was born at Quetta in India, a descendant of both Edmund Plowden… … Wikipedia
Thomas Plowden — (alias Salisbury) (born in Oxfordshire, England, 1594; died in London, 13 February1664) was an English Jesuit.LifeHe entered the Society of Jesus, 1617 and was sent on the English Mission about 1622. He was seized, with other fathers, by the… … Wikipedia