Indian independence activists


Indian independence activists

This is a listing of people who campaigned against or are considered to have campaigned against foreign domination and cultural imposition on the Indian sub-continent. In India and the rest of South Asia such individuals are often referred to as freedom fighters.

Soon after the Europeans reached the Indian shores, with the arrival of Vasco da Gama in 1498 at Kappad shore at the port of Kozhikode in Kerala, segments of the indigenous population began intermittent rebellions against foreign powers and their cultural values.

Initially these revolts were by Arabs, Jews, Chinese traders, and local merchants as a rebellion against Portuguese traders to protect their own profits. Later many of the revolts had aspects of being over religious beliefs, taxation, administrative power, etc. These revolts occurred against various Europeans powers, but mainly against Britain, the primary occupier.

17th Century

Murteen Deluu - led a rebellion, consisting mainly of peasants, against British rule. Fact|date=February 2007

18th Century

* Kanhoji Angre
* Abbe Faria
* Tipu Sultan - Mysore
* Pazhassi Raja
* Veerapandiya Kattabomman - Panchalankurichi, Tirunelveli Tamil Nadu
* Puli Devar - Nerlkaattum Seval , Tirunelveli Tamil Nadu
* Maruthu Pandiyar - Kalaiyar kovil, Tamilnadu
* Polygar War - West and South Tamilnadu

Pre-1857

* Kitturu Chennamma (the first woman independence activist of India)
* Sangoli Rayanna

Rebellion of 1857

* Bakhat Nasar
* Mangal Pandey
* Tantya Tope
* Rani of Jhansi
* Bahadur Shah Zafar
* Azimullah Khan
* Rae Ahmed Nawaz Khan Kharal

Indian Renaissance

* Sri Aurobindo
* Allama Iqbal
* Syed Ahmed Khan
* Ramakrishna
* Ramakrishna Mission
* Raja Ram Mohan Roy
* Brahmo Samaj
* Prarthana Samaj
* Dayananda Saraswati
* Swami Vivekananda

Political organizations

* All India Muslim League
* Khudai Khidmatgar
* Khaksar Tehrik
* Gadar Party
* Swaraj Party
* Anushilan Samiti
* Jugantar
* Hindustan Socialist Republican Association
* Bengal Volunteers
* Shiromani Akali Dal
* Unionist Muslim League
* Hindu Mahasabha
* Communist Party of India
* All India Forward Bloc
* Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh
* Indian Liberal Party

Leaders from Bengal and Northeastern India

* Subhas Chandra Bose
* Bipin Chandra Pal
* Chittaranjan Das
* Maulana Abul Kalam Azad
* Rabindranath Tagore
* Surya Sen
* Pritilata Waddedar
* Gopinath Bardoloi
* Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed
* Bankim Chandra Chatterjee
* Benoy Basu
* Badal Gupta
* Dinesh Gupta
* Khudiram Bose
* Prafulla Chaki
* Bagha Jatin
* Barin Ghosh
* Rash Behari Bose
* Aurobindo Ghosh
* Hemchandra Das
* Surendranath Banerjee
* Upendranath Bannerjee
* Sarat Chandra Bose
* Pramatha Nath Mitra
* Bhupendra Nath Datta
* Pulin Bihari Das
* Taraknath Das
* Atulkrishna Ghosh
* Ullaskar Dutta

Leaders from Punjab and Northwest India

* Allama Mashriqi
* Allama Iqbal
* Allama Inaitullah Almashriqi
* Lala Lajpat Rai
* Sardul Singh Caveeshar
* Sheikh Abdullah
* Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan
* Baba Gurdit Singh
* Baba Gurmukh Singh
* Baba Hari Singh Usman
* Baba Jawala Singh
* Baba Kharak Singh
* Baba Sher Singh
* Bal Raj Bhalla
* Baldev Singh
* Balwant Singh
* Banta Singh
* Bhagat Singh
* Bhagwan Singh Longowalia
* Bhagwati Charan
* Bhai Bal Mukand
* Bhai Parmanand
* Bhai Ram Singh
* Jinen Shah
* Kartar Singh Sarabha
* Kartar Singh Jhabbar
* Kedar Nath Saigal
* Krishna Gopal Dutt
* Kishan Singh Gargaj
* Lala Pindi Das
* Mahavarat Vidyalankar
* Tej Bahadur Sapru
* Sardul Singh Caveeshar
* Seth Sant Ram
* Seth Sudarshan
* Sewa Singh Thikriwala
* Shivaram Rajguru
* Sir Sikander Hyat Khan
* Somprakash Shaida
* Sohan Lal Pathak
* Sohan Singh Bhakna
* Sohan Singh Josh
* Sukhdev
* Pahari Gandhi Baba Kanshi Ram
* Udham Singh
*Sarvothaman

Leaders from Gujarat and Maharashtra

* Manvendra Nath Azad Als.Kaku Bhai Bhatia.
* Lokmanya Gangadhar Tilak
* Chapekar Bandhu
* Karve
* Dadabhai Naoroji
* Mohandas Gandhi
* Kasturba Gandhi
* Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
* Bal Gangadhar Tilak
* Ravi Shankar Vyas
* Narhari Parikh
* Jivatram Kripalani
* Mahadev Desai
* Manilal Pandya
* Mohanlal Pandya
* Abbas Tyabji
* Gopal Krishna Gokhale
* Narahar Vishnu Gadgil
* Vithalbhai Patel
* Vinoba Bhave
* Ganesh Vasudev Mavlankar
* Mridula Sarabhai
* Vinayak Damodar Savarkar
* Mohammad Ali Jinnah
* Morarji Desai
* Bhikaiji Cama
* U.N.DHEBAR
* Pujya Mota
* Pandit Shyamji Krishna Varma
* Swami Dayanand Sarswati
* Mahadev Govind Ranade
* Tatia Tope
* Rani Laxmibai
* Narhar Vishnu Gadgil
* Marathas
* Shivaji
* Dr. B.R. Ambedkar
* Peshwas
* Jyotiba Phule
* Rajarshi Shahu Maharaj
* Jhansi Ki Rani
* Kaku Bhai Bhatia Als.Gopaldas Mavji Purecha

Leaders from South India

* Alluri Sita Rama Raju
* Amarajeevi Potti Sreeramulu
* Chakravarti Rajgopalachari
* Kayyara Kinyanna Rai
* Krishna Menon
* Mahakavi Subramanya Bharathi
* U. Muthuramalingam Thevar
* Mathai Manjooran
* P. J. Sebastian
* Pattabhi Sitarammiaya
* Kandukuri Veeresalingam
* Sarojini Naidu
* Dr. Sarvapalli Radhakrishnan
* Srinivasa Iyengar
* S. K. Amin
* V. O. Chidambaram Pillai
* Kodi kaatha kumaran
* Kalvakuntla Chandrasena Gupta
* Pinnamaneni Sreeramachandra Rao
* Pulapa Posayya
* Geda Raghunayakulu
* Krovvidi Lingaraju
* Thiruppur Kumaran
* K. Kunhambu
* Tanguturi Prakasham Panthulu

Leaders from North and Central India

* Ashfaqullah
* Chandrasekhar Azad
* Dr. Abhay Chandra Pandey
* Ram Nihor Mishra
* Sudama Pandey
* Bi Amman
* Maulana Mohammad Ali
* Maulana Shaukat Ali
* Motilal Nehru
* Jawaharlal Nehru
* Maulana Abul Kalam Azad
* Maulana Hasrat Mohani
* Kamla Nehru
* Mukhtar Ahmed Ansari
* Rafi Ahmad Kidwai
* Hafiz Mohammed Ibrahim
* Govind Ballabh Pant
* Acharya Narendra Deva
* Ram Lagan Singh
* T A K Sherwani
* Zakir Hussain
* Dr. Shankar Dayal Sharma
* Balkrishan Sharma Navin
* Ganesh Shanker Vidyarthy
* Mahavir Tyagi
* K D Malaviya
* Ajit Prasad Jain
* Ram Manohar Lohia
* Mohan Lal Gautam
* Jagan Prasad Rawat
* Vijayalaksmi Pandit
* Ramchandra Moreshwar Karkare (Vaqil)
* Purushottam Das Tandon
* Seth Govind Das
* Goverdhan Lal Arya

Prominent European activists

* Allan Octavian Hume
* A.G. Horniman
* Annie Besant
* Madeleine Slade
* C. F. Andrews

References

* Indian Independence Movement, Indian Nationalism


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