Dry etching


Dry etching

Dry etching refers to the removal of material, typically a masked pattern of semiconductor material, by exposing the material to a bombardment of ions (usually a plasma of reactive gases such as fluorocarbons, oxygen, chlorine, boron trichloride; sometimes with addition of nitrogen, argon, helium and other gases) that dislodge portions of the material from the exposed surface. Unlike with many (but not all, see isotropic etching) of the wet chemical etchants used in wet etching, the dry etching process typically etches directionally or anisotropically.

Explanation

Dry etching is used in conjunction with photolithographic techniques to attack certain areas of a semiconductor surface in order to form recesses in material, such as contact holes (which are contacts to the underlying semiconductor substrate) or via holes (which are holes that are formed to provide an interconnect path between conductive layers in the layered semiconductor device) or to otherwise remove portions of semiconductor layers where predominantly vertical sides are desired. In conjunction with semiconductor manufacturing, micromachining and display production the removal of organic residues by oxygen plasmas is sometimes correctly described as a dry etch process. However, also the term plasma ashing may be used.

Dry etching is particularly useful for materials and semiconductors which are chemically resistant and could not be wet etched, such as silicon carbide or gallium nitride.

References

Dry etching is currently used in semiconductor fabrication processes due to its unique ability over wet etch to do anisotropic etching (removal of material) to create a high aspect ratio structures (e.g. deep via holes or capacitor trenches). The dry etching hardware design basically involve a vacuum chamber, special gas delivery system, RF waveform generator and an exhaust system.

See also


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • dry etching — sausasis ėsdinimas statusas T sritis radioelektronika atitikmenys: angl. dry etching vok. trockene Ätzung, f rus. сухое травление, n pranc. décapage sec, m …   Radioelektronikos terminų žodynas

  • dry-etching apparatus — sausojo ėsdinimo įrenginys statusas T sritis radioelektronika atitikmenys: angl. dry etching apparatus vok. Trockenätzanlage, f rus. установка сухого травления, f pranc. installation de décapage à sec, f …   Radioelektronikos terminų žodynas

  • dry-etching reactor — sausasis ėsdintuvas statusas T sritis radioelektronika atitikmenys: angl. dry etching reactor vok. Trockenätzreaktor, m rus. реактор сухого травления, m pranc. réacteur pour décapage à sec, m …   Radioelektronikos terminų žodynas

  • Etching (microfabrication) — Etching tanks used to perform Piranha, Hydrofluoric acid or RCA clean on 4 inch wafer batches at LAAS technological facility in Toulouse, France Etching is used in microfabrication to chemically remove layers from the surface of a wafer during… …   Wikipedia

  • Dry — (dr[imac]), a. [Compar. {Drier}; superl. {Driest}.] [OE. dru[yogh]e, druye, drie, AS. dryge; akin to LG. dr[ o]ge, D. droog, OHG. trucchan, G. trocken, Icel. draugr a dry log. Cf. {Drought}, {Drouth}, 3d {Drug}.] 1. Free from moisture; having… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Dry area — Dry Dry (dr[imac]), a. [Compar. {Drier}; superl. {Driest}.] [OE. dru[yogh]e, druye, drie, AS. dryge; akin to LG. dr[ o]ge, D. droog, OHG. trucchan, G. trocken, Icel. draugr a dry log. Cf. {Drought}, {Drouth}, 3d {Drug}.] 1. Free from moisture;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Dry blow — Dry Dry (dr[imac]), a. [Compar. {Drier}; superl. {Driest}.] [OE. dru[yogh]e, druye, drie, AS. dryge; akin to LG. dr[ o]ge, D. droog, OHG. trucchan, G. trocken, Icel. draugr a dry log. Cf. {Drought}, {Drouth}, 3d {Drug}.] 1. Free from moisture;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Dry bone — Dry Dry (dr[imac]), a. [Compar. {Drier}; superl. {Driest}.] [OE. dru[yogh]e, druye, drie, AS. dryge; akin to LG. dr[ o]ge, D. droog, OHG. trucchan, G. trocken, Icel. draugr a dry log. Cf. {Drought}, {Drouth}, 3d {Drug}.] 1. Free from moisture;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Dry castor — Dry Dry (dr[imac]), a. [Compar. {Drier}; superl. {Driest}.] [OE. dru[yogh]e, druye, drie, AS. dryge; akin to LG. dr[ o]ge, D. droog, OHG. trucchan, G. trocken, Icel. draugr a dry log. Cf. {Drought}, {Drouth}, 3d {Drug}.] 1. Free from moisture;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Dry cupping — Dry Dry (dr[imac]), a. [Compar. {Drier}; superl. {Driest}.] [OE. dru[yogh]e, druye, drie, AS. dryge; akin to LG. dr[ o]ge, D. droog, OHG. trucchan, G. trocken, Icel. draugr a dry log. Cf. {Drought}, {Drouth}, 3d {Drug}.] 1. Free from moisture;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English