Billet

Billet

A billet is the US term for quarters, which is a place to which a person, generally a soldier, is assigned to sleep. In the European countries since formation of regular forces the Quartermaster was an occupation and a rank of the individuals responsible for provision of sleeping quarters as well as other provisions for regular time troops. Soldiers are generally billeted in barracks or garrisons when not on combat duty, although in some armies soldiers with families are permitted to maintain a home off-post. Used for a building, the term is more commonly used in British English; United States standard terms are quarters, barracks, "Single (Soldier) Housing" or "Family Housing".The expression 'billet' is also used for an exchange student.

One of the major grievances of the American colonists against the British government which led to the American Revolutionary War was the quartering of soldiers in civilian homes. As a result, the Third Amendment to the United States Constitution provides restrictions on the manner in which the Federal government of the United States may require civilians to provide housing for American soldiers.

In Spain the noble officers of royal tercios were billeted in the homes of the affluent and well-to-do of the cities/towns they were stationed in. This usage is employed as a plot device in the "Barber of Seville".

During wartime, civilians who have been evacuated from a city in danger of attack are billetted in communal shelters or in the homes of individuals. The practice of billetting evacuees was widespread in Britain during World War II, particularly during the Blitz, when children and other non-essential persons in major cities were sent to rural areas for safety.

United States usage

Billet can also mean a personnel position, assignment, or duty station which may be filled by one person, commonly used by the United States Navy and the United States Marine Corps. It may also refer in all the armed forces to the individual bunk or bed.

Billet can also refer to the position and weapons of the members of a unit. For example, the billets of a fireteam include a fireteam leader (M16), a rifleman (M16), an automatic rifleman (M249), and an assistant automatic rifleman (M16).

Motorcycle Parts

Billet is also used commonly to describe motorcycle (or other) parts machined from a bar of metal (or "billet"), differentiating parts manufactured this way from those cast in a mold. [http://www.motorcyclecruiser.com/tech/term_billet_explained/ Term billet explained as a motorcycle term]

References


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Синонимы:

См. также в других словарях:

  • billet — [ bijɛ ] n. m. • 1459; a. fr. billette (1389), altér. de bullette, dimin. de bulle; d apr. 2. bille I ♦ Courte lettre. ⇒ missive. Écrire, envoyer, faire parvenir un billet. ⇒ mot. Billet doux, billet galant : lettre d amour. ⇒fam. poulet …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • billet — BILLET. s. m. Petite lettre missive. Billet doux. Billet galant. Un tel m a écrit un billet ce matin. Recevoir un billet. Un petit billet. La différence qu il y a entre lettre et billet, c est que dans un billet on se dispense des formules et des …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • billet — BILLET. s. m. Petite lettre missive. Billet doux. billet galant. un tel m a escrit un billet ce matin. Recevoir un billet, un petit billet. On escrit maintenant par billets, autant que l on peut, pour esviter les ceremonies, les espaces & les… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Billet — Bil let, n. [F. billet, dim. of an OF. bille bill. See {Bill} a writing.] 1. A small paper; a note; a short letter. I got your melancholy billet. Sterne. [1913 Webster] 2. A ticket from a public officer directing soldiers at what house to lodge;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Billet — oder Billett steht für: Eintrittskarte Fahrkarte Glückwunschkarte Telefonkarte Billet ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Etienne Billet (1821–1888), französischer Maler Félix Billet (1808–1882), französischer Physiker Siehe auch:… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • billet — (izg. bijȅ) m DEFINICIJA pisamce SINTAGMA billet doux (izg. billet dȗ) ljubavno pismo ETIMOLOGIJA fr …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • billet — billet1 [bil′it] n. [ME < Anglo Fr, dim. of bille,BILL1] 1. Obs. a brief document or letter 2. a written order to provide quarters or lodging for military personnel, as in private buildings 3. a) the quarters thus assigned or occupied …   English World dictionary

  • Billet — Bil let, n. [F. billette, bille, log; of unknown origin; a different word from bille ball. Cf. {Billiards}, {Billot}.] 1. A small stick of wood, as for firewood. [1913 Webster] They shall beat out my brains with billets. Shak. [1913 Webster] 2.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Billet — Bil let, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Billeted}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Billeting}.] [From {Billet} a ticket.] (Mil.) To direct, by a ticket or note, where to lodge. Hence: To quarter, or place in lodgings, as soldiers in private houses. [1913 Webster]… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Billet — (frz. Biljeh), Briefchen, Schein, schriftlicher Ausweis: billet doux (duh), dʼamour, Liebesbrief. – In Frankreich ist B. in der kaufmännischen Sprache der eigene od. trockene Wechsel. welchen der Aussteller selbst bezahlt, der an Ordre gestellte… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Billet — On rencontre ce nom dans de nombreuses régions, mais c est en Vendée et dans le Nord qu il est le plus répandu. On trouve aussi dans le Nord les variantes Billiet et Billiez, et dans d autres régions les éventuels matronyme Billiette (89, 77) et… …   Noms de famille


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