- Status effect
In role-playing games, a status effect is a temporary modification to a game character’s original set of stats that usually comes into play when special powers and abilities (such as spells) are used, often during combat. It appears in numerous computer and video games of many genres, most commonly in role-playing games. The term status effect can be applied both to changes that provide a character an advantage (increased attributes, defensive barriers, regeneration), and those that hinder the character (decreased attributes, incapacitation, degeneration). Especially in MMORPGs, beneficial effects are referred to as buffs, and hindering effects are called debuffs.
Curing status effects
This matter varies as widely as the effects themselves and the games in which they appear. Some status effects go away on their own after a certain amount of time has elapsed. Most games contain items capable of healing status effects. Often these items heal a specific status effect, though many games also include one or more universal status effect removing items. Many games also include magic spells that can eliminate status effects. Most of the time status effects are removed at the end of a battle, however in some cases they continue to persist until either they are cured or until the character rests. Games with classes most likely will include a class capable of healing, which by default will have a chance to remove negative effects.
In addition, many games have weapons, armor, or other equipment that can prevent a character from getting a status effect in the first place. Depending on the game, some add a percentile amount of chance to resist given effect each time the player is affected by it, while others make them completely immune to an effect. However, sometimes the equipment that is resisting an effect, will in exchange, as a penalty, grant vulnerability against a different effect. This forces players to think tactically in games that utilize this method of defense.
Buffs and debuffs
In many MMORPGs, the terms buff and debuff are commonly used to describe status effects. Some spells or powers may debuff an enemy while buffing an ally at the same time.
Buff is the term generically used to describe a positive status effect (usually cast as a spell). Examples of buffs include:
- Increase the movement speed of the target.
- Increase the attack speed of the target.
- Increase the health points of the target.
- Increase target's perception.
- Increase target's physical defense.
- Heal the target over time for a period of time.
- Boost the damage output of the target.
- Reduce the movement speed of the target.
- Reduce the attack speed of the target.
- Decrease the resistance of the target to various elements or forms of attack.
- Reduce the stats of the target.
- Cripple target's perception.
- Lower target's physical defense.
- Drain target's health.
There are countless other debuffs, which all depend on the game played. Though, all share the same concept; to make a certain target less powerful in one or more aspects.
Buffs and debuffs in MMORPG gameplay
Buffs and debuffs play a more significant role in MMORPGs than in most single-player games. This is due to the factor known as hate, or aggro. Hate determines the target priority of monsters in instances and encounters, and a spellcaster that casts debuffs, especially early on in a fight, will suddenly find his or herself drawing a lot of unfriendly attention. Buffs tend to draw less hate from mobs when compared to debuffs, healing, or direct damage spells, but in a PvP battle may make the caster a target in order to deny the buff to the enemy force.
Many modern Real Time Strategy have hero units, single units that are powerful, but limited in number (usually only one of a single type allowed). In addition to their normally very high stats, many heroes also have auras which confer beneficial status effects or attribute bonuses to any friendly units that enter within a certain radius of the hero. This makes the hero unit an important factor in an engagement as, in addition to their formidable combat skills and powerful abilities, they also make the units around them more effective.
Some heroes and spellcaster units can also confer or inflict buffs, debuffs, and other status effects to units as spells.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
status effect — noun A modifier to a characters status, either positive (i.e. strength up) or negative (i.e. poison) effects … Wiktionary
status ailment — noun A negative status effect that adversely affects the afflicted character (such as poison, blind, mute) … Wiktionary
status attainment — status attainment, status attainment theory An extensive literature investigating how educational achievements and other indicators of skill and ability translate into jobs ranked according to socio economic status or prestige . The classic… … Dictionary of sociology
Status attainment — or status attainment theory deals largely with one’s position in society, or class. Status attainment is affected by both achieved factors, such as educational attainment, and ascribed factors, such as family income. It is achieved by a… … Wikipedia
Status dynamic psychotherapy —  (“SDT”) is an approach to psychotherapy that was created by Peter G. Ossorio at the University of Colorado in the late 1960s as part of a larger system known as Descriptive Psychology, and that has subsequently been developed by other… … Wikipedia
Status inconsistency — is a situation where an individual s social positions have both positive and negative influences on his or her social status. For example, a teacher may have a positive societal image (respect, prestige) which increases his or her status but may… … Wikipedia
Status Anxiety — (ISBN 0 375 42083 5) is a nonfiction book by Alain de Botton. It was first published in 2004 by Hamish Hamilton; subsequent publications have been by Penguin Books. Status Anxiety discusses the desire of people in many modern societies to climb… … Wikipedia
Status quo bias — The status quo bias is a cognitive bias for the status quo; in other words, people tend not to change an established behaviour unless the incentive to change is compelling. The finding has been observed in many fields, including political science … Wikipedia
status — noun 1 (C, U) the legal position or condition of a person, group, country etc: What is her immigration status? | Don t accept any money if it will effect your amateur status. | marital status (=whether you are married or not): Please state your… … Longman dictionary of contemporary English
Status of special relativity — Special relativity (SR) is usually concerned with the behaviour of objects and observers (inertial reference systems) which remain at rest or are moving at a constant velocity. In this case, the observer is said to be in an inertial frame of… … Wikipedia