A sandhill is an ecological
communitytype found in many parts of the world.
andhills in the coastal plain of North America
xeric fire-maintained ecosystemfeatures very short fire return intervals, one to five years. Without fire, sandhills undergo ecological successionand become more oakdominated.
Entisols are the typical sandhill
soil, deep well-drained and nutrient poor. In Florida, sandhills receive 130 cm of rainfall per year, just like the more hydric ecosystems surrounding them. Sandhills are xeric because they have poor water holding capacity.
Dominant vegetation includes
longleaf pine"Pinus palustris", American turkey oak"Quercus laevis", and wiregrass"Aristida stricta". A number of rare animals are typical of this habitat including the gopher tortoise"Gopherus polyphemus", red-cockaded woodpecker "Picoides borealis", Sherman's fox squirrel"Sciurus niger", and striped newts "Notophthalmus perstriatus". Invasive speciesthat are a problem on sandhills include cogon grass, Camphor laurels "( Cinnamomum camphora)", and Natal grass.
andhills in other parts of the world
The highest point on
Moreton Island, Australiais Mount Tempest, which at 280 metres, is the highest coastal sandhill in the world.cite book |title=Discover Australia's National Parks |last=Hema Maps |first= |authorlink= |coauthors= |year=1997 |publisher= Random HouseAustralia |location= Milsons Point, New South Wales|isbn=1975992472 |pages=187]
*Nebraska Sand Hills
* [http://www.fnai.org/PDF/Natural_Communities_Guide.pdf Natural Communities Definitions for Florida]
* [http://www.lbk.ars.usda.gov/wewc/biblio/bar.htm The Bibliography of Aeolian Research]
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