Gertrude of Hohenburg


Gertrude of Hohenburg

Gertrude of Hohenburg (c. 1225 – 16 February, 1281, Vienna) was the first Queen consort of Rudolph I of Germany.

Family

She was born to Burchard V, Count of Hohenberg (d. 1253) and his wife Mechtild of Tübingen.

Her paternal grandparents were Burchard IV, Count of Hohenberg and his unnamed wife. Her maternal grandparents were Rudolph II, Count palatine and his wife, a daughter of Henry, Margrave of Ronsberg and Udilhild of Gammertingen.

Burchard IV was a son of Burchard III, Count of Hohenberg.

Burchard III was one of two sons of Burchard II, Count of Hohenberg. He was co-ruler with his brother Frederick, Count of Hohenberg. His brother had no known descendants and the two brothers consequently had a single successor.

Burchard II was one of five known sons of Frederick I, Count of Zollern and his wife Udachild of Urach.

Frederich I was the son of Burchard I, Count of Zollern. He was the founder of the so-called Burchardinger family line, male-line ancestors of the House of Hohenzollern.

Marriage and children

In 1245, Gertrude married Rudolph IV, Count of Habsburg. They had nine children:

# Albert I of Germany (July 1255 – 1 May, 1308), Duke of Austria and also of Styria.
# Hartmann (1263, Rheinfelden–21 December 1281), drowned in Rheinau.
# Rudolph II, Duke of Austria and Styria (1270–10 May 1290, Prague), titular Duke of Swabia, father of John the Patricide of Austria.
# Matilda (ca. 1251/53, Rheinfelden–23 December 1304, Munich), married 1273 in Aachen to Louis II, Duke of Bavaria and became mother of Rudolf I, Count Palatine of the Rhine and Louis IV, Holy Roman Emperor.
# Katharina (1256–4 April 1282, Landshut), married 1279 in Vienna to Otto III, Duke of Bavaria who later (after her death) became the disputed King Bela V of Hungary and left no surviving issue.
# Agnes (ca. 1257–11 October 1322, Wittenberg), married 1273 to Albert II, Duke of Saxe-Wittenberg and became the mother of Rudolf I, Elector of Saxony.
# Hedwig (d. 1285/86), married 1270 in Vienna to Otto VI, Margrave of Brandenburg and left no issue.
# Klementia (ca. 1262–after 7 February 1293), married 1281 in Vienna to Charles Martel of Anjou, the Papal claimant to the throne of Hungary and mother of king Charles I of Hungary, as well as of queen Clementia of France, herself the mother of the baby king John I of France.
# Judith of Habsburg (13 March 1271–18 June 1297, Prague), married 24 January 1285 to King Wenceslaus II of Bohemia and became the mother of king Wenceslaus III of Bohemia, Poland and Hungary, of queen Anna I of Bohemia, duchess of Carinthia, and of queen Elisabeth I of Bohemia, countess of Luxembourg.Her husband was elected King of Germany in Frankfurt on 29 September 1273, largely due to the efforts of her cousin Frederick III, Burgrave of Nuremberg. Rudolph was crowned in Aachen on 24 October 1273. She served as his Queen consort for the following eight years.

She died early in 1281. Rudolph remained a widower for three years and proceeded to marry Isabelle of Burgundy.

External links

* [http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/SWABIAN%20NOBILITY.htm#GertrudAnnaHohenburgMRudolfIAustria A listing of Swabian nobility, including the Dukes of Hohenberg]
* [http://www.worldroots.com/cgi-bin/gasteldb?@I02169@ Her profile at Royalty Pages]
* [http://genealogy.euweb.cz/habsburg/habsburg2.html A listing of descendants of Rudolph I of Germany] .


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