- James S. Sherman
Infobox_Vice_President | name=James S. Sherman
Vice President of the United States
term_start=March 4, 1909
term_end=October 30, 1912
Charles W. Fairbanks
Thomas R. Marshall
order2=Member of the
U.S. House of Representativesfrom New York's 23rd district
March 4, 1887
March 3, 1891
John T. Spriggs
Henry W. Bentley
order3=Member of the
U.S. House of Representativesfrom New York's 25th district
March 4, 1893
March 3, 1903
James J. Belden
Lucius N. Littauer
order4=Member of the
U.S. House of Representativesfrom New York's 27th district
March 4, 1903
March 3, 1909
Michael E. Driscoll
Charles S. Millington
Mayorof Utica, New York
Utica, New York
death_date=death date and age|mf=yes|1912|10|30|1855|10|24
Utica, New York
Carrie Babcock Sherman
William Howard Taft
James Schoolcraft Sherman (October 24, 1855 – October 30, 1912) was a
United States Representativefrom New Yorkand the twenty-seventh Vice President of the United States. He was a member of the Baldwin, Hoar & Sherman family.
Sherman was born in
Utica, New York. The son of Richard Updike Shermanand his distant cousin Mary Frances Sherman, he gained his early education through private schools. Graduating from Hamilton Collegein 1878, he studied law for two years, then was admitted to the bar in 1880. He was a member of the Sigma Phifraternity.
Law and business
Nicknamed "Sunny Jim" for his positive disposition, Sherman practiced law at the Utica firm of Cookingham & Martin and was married to Carrie Babcock in 1881. He also served as president of the
Utica Trust & Deposit Co.and of the New Hartford Canning Co.during this period before becoming mayorof Utica in 1884.
Elected to Congress in 1886 as a Republican representative of New York, Sherman served four years before losing his seat following the 1890 election to
Henry W. Bentley. Sherman would return two years later to win the first of eight consecutive elections for the seat, helping to establish his presence in the nation's capital.
In 1898, he briefly became a candidate for Speaker of the House, before being offered the office of
General Appraiserof the Port of New York one year later by U.S. President William McKinley. Sherman declined the position after vocal opposition from his Utica constituents.
At the time of his 1908 nomination as the Republican candidate for Vice President on the ticket with
William Howard Taft, Sherman was Chairman of the House Committee on Indian Affairs. During the ensuing campaign, Sherman endured a blistering attack from Los Angeles attorney Edmund Burke, who had claimed he was a former partner of his in the New Mexico Lumber and Development Company. Burke alleged that Sherman had used his influential position to further a land grab deal, but his accusations would not prove to be damaging in the election.
1912 election and illness
Sherman had also been diagnosed with
gallstonesduring this period, and was told that kidney trouble was causing his problems. By following a strict diet, he was able to manage his lingering condition after taking office on March 4, 1909. However, his strong work ethic played a major role in the deterioration of his health over the course of the 1912 presidential campaign.
In June 1912, Sherman became the first incumbent Vice President to be renominated by a National Convention. The ensuing campaign saw Taft in a stiff three-way battle with Democrat
Woodrow Wilsonand former U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt, the latter candidate having previously been in a nasty feud with Sherman over control of the New YorkRepublican party.
Sherman died in Utica,
Oneida County, New Yorka few days prior to the election. The Republican National Committeeprovided that electoral votes Sherman would have received would go to Columbia UniversityPresident Nicholas M. Butler. However, Democrats Woodrow Wilsonand Thomas R. Marshallwon in an electoral vote landslide long before this. James S. Sherman was interred in Forest Hill Cemetery in Utica.
United States presidential election, 1908
United States presidential election, 1912
* [http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=2716 James S. Sherman] at
Find A Grave
* [http://www.footnote.com/image/4346755 16th Amendment to the Constitution with Sherman's Signature] Image of original document
* [http://www.footnote.com/image/4346715 17th Amendment to the Constitution with Sherman's Signature] Image of original document
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James S. Sherman — James Sherman Pour les articles homonymes, voir Sherman. James Schoolcraft Sherman (1855 – 1912) fut le 27e vice président des États Unis sous le mandat de William H. Taft … Wikipédia en Français
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