official_name = Comune di Fondi
img_coa = Fondi-Stemma.png
region = RegioneIT|sigla=LAZ
province = ProvinciaIT (short form)|sigla=LT (LT)
elevation_m = 8
area_total_km2 = 142
population_as_of = 31-12-04
population_total = 34910
population_density_km2 = 246
coordinates = coord|41|21|0|N|13|25|0|E|region:IT_type:city(34910)
gentilic = Fondani
telephone = 0771
postalcode = 04022
frazioni = San Magno, Cocuruzzo, San Raffaele, Sant'Andrea, Selva Vetere, Salto di Fondi, Querce, Fasana, Gegni, Passignano, Curtignano, Sant'Oliva, Vardito, Rene
saint = ??St Honoratus of Fondi? (Sant' Onorato)
day = ??
mapx = #expr:41 + 21 / 60.0
mapy = #expr:13 + 25 / 60.0
native_name = Fondi
name = Fondi
website = http://www.comune.fondi.lt.it/
Fondi is a city and comune in the
province of Latina( Lazio, Italy), halfway between Romeand Naples. Before the construction of the highway between the latter cities in the late 1950s, Fondi had been an important settlement on the Roman Via Appia, which was the main connection from Rome to much of southern Italy.
Fondi is the main town of the
Plain of Fondi("Piana di Fondi" in Italian), a small plain between the Ausoni and Aurunci mountainsand the Tyrrhenian Sea. The plain includes three lakes and is agriculturally very fertile. Most in evidence are greenhouses for the production of early crops for sale in Rome. The 15-km (10mi) sandy beach stretches from Sperlonga in the South-East to Terracina in the North-West and lies along the Gulf of Gaeta, with views (when the weather is clear) to the Pontine Islands. It is marked by a somehow well-preserved, typical Mediterranean coastal dune landscape.
The territory of Fondi is partially included in the
Regional Natural Park of Monti Aurunci.
Fondi has an ancient history, beginning with early settlements about 1000 BC: later the area was settled by the Italic tribes of
Aurunciand, subsequently, Volsci. According to the legend, it would have been founded by Herculesin memory of the killing of Cacus.
The first historical reference to Fondi dates to 338 BC, at the time of the
Latin War, when its inhabitants (together with those of the nearby Formiae) gained minor Roman citizenship status ("civitas sine suffragio"). After a failed attempt of revolt led by Vitruvius Vaccus(330 BC), Fondi remained a Roman prefecture; later (188 BC) it received full citizeship, with a government led by 3 aediles.
The importance of Fondi lied in its position across the old
Via Appia, began in 312 BC, which was for more than two millennia the main roadway from Rome to southern Italy. The historical center and surrounding wall of Fondi form still today a square, like in the Roman camp walls, whose decumanuswas formed by the city tract of the Via Appia.
After the Gothic War and the Lombard conquest of Italy, Fondi remained a dominion of the
Eastern Roman Empire. Later a part of the Papal States, in 846 it was burnt out by the Saracencoming from their fortress of Garigliano: they settled there until they were defeat in the Battle of Circeusof 877, and Fondi was switched to the Duchy of Gaeta.
In 1140 Fondi passed to the
Dell'Aquilafamily, of Norman heritage, and then, in 1299, to the powerful Caetanibarons (in the person of Loffredo Caetani, nephew of Pope Boniface VIII), who made it for two centuries the centre of their power, and a centre of artistical development as well. In 1378 the powerful Count Onorato I Caetanisummoned here the conclave in which the cardinals elected Clement VII against Urban VI ( Western Schism).
The Caetani lost Fondi after the
Charles VIII of France's expedition to southern Italy, and it was assigned to the condottiero Prospero Colonna. Under the Colonnathe city met another period of artistical and cultural splendour, thanks of the court held by Giulia Gonzaga, who lived in Fondi between 1526 and 1534.
In 1534, Fondi was sacked by Barbarossa, who was seeking to kidnap the beautiful Giulia and bring her as a gift to his emperor Suleiman. However, she managed to escape. Another sack followed in 1594, starting the decline of the city, which had in the meantime passed to the
Carafaof Stigliano. In 1720 Fondi was acquired by the di Sangrofamily.
In 1818 the declining city, surrounded by marshes affected by
malariaand brigantage, lost the bishopric seat existing there since the very early years of Christianism.
Agriculture in the area around Fondi has been always favoured by the presence of abundant water sources and by the climatic conditions. The traditional production of
agrumeshas been recently supplanted by that of vegetablesand fruit.
Fondi is the seat of an important market for agriculture and food products which distribute some 1 million tons of agriculture products every year.
Fondi's main sights include:
*The Castle, with a characteristical round tower standing up to more than 30 meters, symbol of the city. The castle was built in the 14th century by Onorato I Caetani over a stretch of ancient Roman walls. In the 16th century it was the seat of Giulia Gonzaga's court of literates and artists. Since 1987 it houses the City's Museum.
*The adjacent "Palazzo del Principe" ("Prince's Palace"), constructed in 1466-1477 and attributed to the Catalan architect Matteo Forcimanya. Its portals, the bifora, the court and the
loggiato forma an interesting synthesis of Catalan-Gothic and Angevinearchitectures.
*The Cathedral of St. Peter (Duomo, 14th century), built over a Roman edifice, identified as a temple of Jupiter. It houses the sepulchre of Cristoforo Caetani, a marble bishop cathedra and
Cosmatesquepulpit from the 13th century, an "Annunciation Tryptych" by Cristoforo Scaccoand "Majesty with St. Peter and St. Paul" by Antoniazzo Romano.
*The "Collegiata di Santa Maria Assunta", preceded by a wide staircase and built in the 15th century by
Onorato II Caetani. It has a Latin cross plant, with an aisle and two naves: main points of interests are a cyborium from 1491 and the venerated statue of the "Madonna of the Sky".
*The medieval churches of "San Domenico" and "San Francesco".
* [http://www.comune.fondi.lt.it/ Official page for the government of Fondi] it icon
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Fondi — Fondi … Deutsch Wikipedia
Fondi — Administration Pays Italie Région … Wikipédia en Français
Fondi — Fondi, Stadt am Lago di F. in der neapolitanischen Provinz Terra di Lavoro; die alte Via Appia führt durch die Stadt u. ist hier noch gut erhalten; Sitz eines Bischof; Wein, der schon als Cäcuber von den Alten gerühmt wird; 5000 Ew. Der Lago di F … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Fondi — Fondi, Stadt in der ital. Provinz Caserta, Kreis Gaeta, in fruchtbarer, aber ungesunder Gegend, nordöstlich vom fischreichen Strandsee Lago di F., von der alten Via Appia durchschnitten, hat eine Kathedrale (teilweise aus dem 12. Jahrh.), Reste… … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Fondi — Fondi, Stadt in der ital. Prov. Caserta, (1901) 9930 E.; Weinbau (Cäkuberwein) … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
Fondi — Fondi, neapolit. Stadt 5 M. von Gaëta, an dem Lago di F., der in das Meer abfließt, in ungesunder Gegend, Bischofssitz mit 5000 E., Wein und Oelbau … Herders Conversations-Lexikon
fondi — fondȋ m DEFINICIJA v. fondue … Hrvatski jezični portal
Fondi — ▪ Italy Latin Fundi, town, Lazio (Latium) regione, south central Italy. It lies along the Appian Way at the foot of the Aurunci Mountains, northeast of Fondi Lake and 56 miles (90 km) southeast of Rome. Originally a town of the ancient… … Universalium
Fondi — Original name in latin Fondi Name in other language Fonda, Fondi, fondi, pwndy, Фонда State code IT Continent/City Europe/Rome longitude 41.35411 latitude 13.43131 altitude 12 Population 31023 Date 2013 04 07 … Cities with a population over 1000 database
Fondi — Sp Fòndis Ap Fondi L P Italija … Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė