official_name = Bogor
nickname = "Kota Hujan" (City of Rain)
map_caption = Location of Bogor in Indonesia
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = Province
leader_title = Mayor
leader_name = Diani Budiarto
timezone = WIB
utc_offset = +7
latd=6 |latm=36 |lats=0 |latNS=S
longd=106 |longm=48 |longs=0 |longEW=E
area_code = 0251
website = [http://www.kotabogor.go.id/ www.kotabogor.go.id]
Bogor is a city in
West Javawith a population of approximately 800,000 people in the CBD area and 2,000,000 in suburban area, bringing a total of 3 million population. It was the capitalof Indonesiaduring the British occupation under Stamford Rafflesand was used as the capital by the Dutch during the dry season, then known as Buitenzorg (meaning "beyond worry").
Bogor boasts a presidential palace, a
deerpark and a botanical garden in the town centre. It is home to the Institut Pertanian Bogor(or Bogor Institute of Agriculture) and CIFOR, the Center for International Forestry Research.
Bogor is on a main road from
Jakartato Bandung, over the Puncak pass. To the south of the city are large tea plantations. During colonial times the Bogor area developed as a centre for plantations. Apart from the tea (Mount Mas), there were coffee plantations at nearby Sukabumi and later vast rubber plantations that stretched from Bogor as far as Citereup and Bukit Sentul.
The suburban area of Bogor is part of the
Bogor Regency, while the urban is the Bogor City. Currently Bogor bears the nickname "the Rain City" ("Kota Hujan"), suggesting that it is very wet and nearly always rains even during the dry season.
In 450 A.D. Bogor was part of
Tarumanegara, the very first Hindukingdom in Java, and the second in Indonesia after the KutaiKingdom in Kalimantan. The most popular king of Tarumanegara was Purnavarman, who ruled around the 5th century. It was during his reign the kingdom reached its golden era. The city was then, with the name Pakuan, the capital of Sunda Kingdom, whence came the founder of the Majapahitempire, Raden Wijaya. Bogor was later part of the Pajajaran Kingdom (1482), ruled by King Siliwangi.
Bogor now houses numerous stone
inscriptions ("prasasti") from both the Tarumanegaraand the Sunda Kingdom. These inscriptions, scattered throughout the urban, suburban, and rural areas of Bogor, are written in Sanskrit using the Pallavawriting system.
The most well-known inscriptions are:
Ciaruteuninscription: This is a large boulder found in a streambed upon which Purnavarman's footprints were engraved together with his Pallava handwriting. The set of footprints show to many that Purnavarman was a kind of divine being, or an incarnationof the Hindu god Vishnu. Indeed, the text on the stone compares his footprints to Vishnu's.: The boulder has now been removed to a protected location with metal fences surrounding it, just a few kilometres away from the river where it was discovered.
* Kaki Gajah inscription : As its name implies, this brown flat stone bears a set of an
elephant's footprints. The elephant is presumed to be the royal elephant Purnavarman rode on. The text compares it to the mythical elephant Airawata which belongs to another Hindu god Indra. This inscription was discovered not far from Prasasti Ciaruteun.
* Batutulis inscription : This inscription is located in Batutulis area in the urban Bogor. It is now placed inside a house, across from former president
Sukarno's house. It is actually a collection of four stones made by Prabu Surawisesa, one of king Siliwangi's son to honor his father. The first small stone, bearing Siliwangi's footprints, is placed in front of the second stone engraved with the impressions of his knees. The third one is a large, flat, upright brown stone carved with the king's Sanskrit handwriting. These three stones are arranged in such a way that they give the impression that the king was actually kneeling down when carving.: The last stone is a strange cylindrical rock that is set beside the rest of them. Many people say it was Siliwangi's staff, although it seems impossible since this rock is quite wide in diameter.
Rubber trees were brought to Buitenzorg's botanical gardens in 1883.cite book | last = Winchester | first = Simon | title = Krakatoa: The Day the World Exploded, August 27, 1883 |pages=223-224 | publisher = HarperCollins | year = 2003 | id = ISBN 0-06-621285-5 ]
2004, Bogor and St. Louis, Missouri, USA became Sister Cities.
The traditional language of Bogor is Sundanese. However, many think that Bogor's Sundanese is somewhat harsher and uses much more slang than any other part of the provinceFact|date=February 2007. Due to the expansion of
Jakarta, more people from different places and different ethnicities stay in Bogor. Indonesian, the official national language, is becoming more common in the urban area.
The easiest and the most popular means of transportation in Bogor is the public vans ("angkot", the acronym of "angkutan kota"). They serve certain routes indicated by the combination of their numbers and their colours, which come in green and blue. These angkots are run by private owners and the prices are fixed.
Buses and taxis are not present in particularly large numbers, especially taxis because they are relatively expensive. Minibuses are more commonly seen in the city. Meanwhile, the railroads connect Bogor to other big cities in Java, such as Jakarta(to the north) and Sukabumi(to the south).
For leisure means, the traditional
horse carriages are available. These are called " delman", and they have only two wheels, different from the four-wheeled "andong" existing only in the province of Yogyakarta. "Delman" in Bogor are not delicately decorated like their fellows in Jakarta, Bandung, or Yogyakarta.
There are also "
becak", a type of man-pedaled carriages in which the driver pedals at the back and the passengers' seat facing front with a roof above. A "becak" can only carry two or three people at a time. "Becak" can also be used to deliver heavy loads such as fruits and vegetables around wet markets.
In addition, Bogor is also accessible via
Jagorawi Tollway, which is the earliest tollway in Indonesia.
Gustaaf Willem baron van Imhoff
Roman Catholic Diocese of Bogor
* [http://www.kotabogor.go.id Official Site]
* [http://www.radiosipatahunan.com/ Local Government's Radio]
* [http://www.ngw.nl/int/ind/buitenzo.htm Heraldry of Bogor]
* [http://www.wildasia.net/main/article.cfm?articleID=112 Bogor Botanical Gardens]
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