Queen's South Africa Medal


Queen's South Africa Medal

Infobox Military Award
name= Queen's South Africa Medal


caption= Obverse of medal and ribbon.
awarded_by= United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
type= Campaign medal
eligibility= Service in South Africa between 11 October1899 and 31 May1902
for= Service
campaign= Second Boer War
status=
description=
clasps= 26
established= 1900
first_award=
last_award=
total=
posthumous=
recipients=
individual=
higher=
same=
lower=


caption2=

The Queen's South Africa Medal or QSA ‎was awarded to military personnel who served in the Boer War in South Africa between October 111899 and May 311902. Units from the British Army, Royal Navy, colonial forces who took part (Australia, Canada, New Zealand, India and South Africa), civilians employed in official capacity and war correspondents.

The QSA was the medal issued to all who served in South Africa up to the end of the war in May 1902. Hence they were issued to those like the New Zealand 10th Contingent who arrived in Durban in May 1902, and did no fighting. The requirements for the King's South Africa Medal meant that few were issued.

Clasps

There are twenty-six different clasps added to the medal indicating each of actions and campaigns during the Second Boer War. “State” clasps were issued for service within that state when no “battle” clasp(s) was issued to the recipient for a specific action within the same state. This meant a QSA medal could not carry both a “state” clasp and a “battle” clasp(s) for actions within the same state. The "Cape Colony" clasp was not issued to recipients of the "Natal" clasp, or "Rhodesia" with the "Relief of Mafeking". Recipients could not get both the "Defence" and "Relief" clasp for Mafeking, Kimberley or Ladysmith.

tate Clasps

*CAPE COLONY - 11 October1899 - 31 May1902
*NATAL - 11 October1899 and 11 June1900
*RHODESIA - 11 October 1899 - 17 May 1900
*ORANGE FREE STATE - 28 February 1900 - 31 May 1902
*TRANSVAAL - 24 May1900 and 31 May1902
*SOUTH AFRICA 1901 - Awarded to those not eligible for the King's Medal although they had served at the front between 01 January and 31 December1901.
*SOUTH AFRICA 1902 - Awarded to those not eligible for the King's Medal although they had served at the front between 01 January and 31 May1902.

Battle Clasps

::(showing which 'state' the battle was in)
*DEFENCE OF MAFEKING 13 October 1899 - 17 May 1900 (CC)
*DEFENCE OF KIMBERLEY 15 October 1899 - 15 February 1900 (CC)
*TALANA 20 October 1899 (Natal)
*ELANDS-LAAGTE 21 October 1899 (Natal)
*DEFENCE OF LADYSMITH 3 November 1899 - 28 February 1900 (Natal)
*BELMONT 23 November 1899 (CC)
*MODDER RIVER 28 November 1899 (CC)
*RELIEF OF LADYSMITH 15 December 1899 - 28 February 1900 (Natal)
*TUGELA HEIGHTS 12-27 February 1900 (Natal)
*RELIEF OF KIMBERLEY 15 February 1900 (CC)
*PAARDEBERG 17-26 February 1900 (OFS)
*DRIEFONTEIN 10 March 1900 - Awarded to troops serving with Army Headquarters and LtGen French's column which advanced from Popular Grove on 10 March1900 (OFS)
*WEPENER 9-25 April 1900 (OFS)
*RELIEF OF MAFEKING 17 May 1900 (CC)
*JOHANNESBURG - Awarded to those troops who, on 29 May1900, were north of an east and west line through Klip River Station and east of a north and south line through Krugersdorp Station (Trans)
*DIAMOND HILL 11-12 June 1900 (Trans)
*WITTEBERGEN 1-29 July 1900 (OFS)
*BELFAST - Awarded to troops who, on 26 or 27 August1900, were east of a north and south line drawn through Wonderfonein, and west of a north and south line through Dalmanutha Station, and north of an east and west line drawn through Carolina (Trans)
*LAING'S NEK 12 June 1901 (Natal)

Description

* A circular, silver medal, 1.52 inches (36 mm) in diameter. The obverse shows a crowned and veiled effigy of Queen Victoria, facing left, with the legend VICTORIA REGINA ET IMPERATRIX.
* The reverse has Britannia depicted holding the Union Flag in her left hand and a laurel wreath in her right hand. In the right background are troops marching to the coast and in the left background are two men-of-war. Around the top are the words SOUTH AFRICA. The first medals, awarded to Lord Strathcona's Horse, bore the dates 1899–1900. The dates were removed from subsequent medals because the war continued beyond 1900. Some medals still show the 'ghost' of 1899–1900.
* The ribbon is 1.25 inches (32 mm) wide, and consists of five stripes: red (5 mm), dark blue (5 mm), orange centre, dark blue (5 mm), and red (5 mm).
* Bronze medals were issued to non-enlisted personnel (including Indians), though some Silver medals were issued to native troops.

References

* [http://www.vac-acc.gc.ca/remembers/sub.cfm?source=collections/cmdp/mainmenu/group03/qsam&CFID=6742168&CFTOKEN=24169933 Veteran Affairs Canada]
* [http://medals.nzdf.mil.nz/category/h/h2.html NZDF Medals]
* [http://www.angloboerwar.com/medals/qsa.htm Anglo-Boer War website (showing variants)]
* [http://www.northeastmedals.co.uk/britishguide/queens_south_africa_medal.htm Website showing Obverse & Reverse]
* [http://www.diggerhistory.info/pages-medals/1788-1910.htm QSA & KSA on Digger History]


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