- Bessemer and Lake Erie Railroad
Infobox SG rail
railroad_name=Bessemer and Lake Erie Railroad
Pittsburgh, PennsylvaniaThe Bessemer and Lake Erie Railroad (B&LE; AAR reporting mark BLE) is a historic class II railroadthat operated in northwestern Pennsylvaniaand northeastern Ohio.
The railroad's main route ran from the
Lake Erieport of Conneaut, Ohioto North Bessemer, Pennsylvania, near Pittsburgh, a distance of 139 miles. The original rail ancestor of the B&LE, the Shenango and Allegheny Railroad, began operation in October 1869.
Rail operations were maintained continuously by various corporate descendants on the growing system that ultimately became the B&LE in 1900. In 2004 the B&LE came under the ownership of the
Canadian National Railwayas part of CN's larger purchase of holding company Great Lakes Transportation.
The Pittsburgh, Bessemer and Lake Erie Railroad Company was founded in 1897 by
Andrew Carnegieto haul ironore and other products from the port at Conneaut, Ohioon the Great Lakesto Carnegie Steel Companyplants in Pittsburgh and the surrounding region. On the return trip, Pennsylvania coalwas hauled north to Conneaut Harbor. The company was created largely out of a series of small predecessor companies including the Pittsburgh, Shenango and Lake Erie Railroad, and the Butler and Pittsburgh Railroad Company. The company was renamed the Bessemer and Lake Erie Railroad in 1900. Carnegie Steel had an exclusive 999 year lease to the PS&LE. This lease was acquired by US Steel when that company acquired Carnegie Steel in 1901.
In 1988, the Bessemer & Lake Erie Railroad became part of
Transtar, Inc.Transtar is a privately held transportation holding company with principal operations in railroad freight transportation, dock operations, Great Lakes shipping, and inland river barging that were formerly subsidiaries of USX, the holding company that owns U.S. Steel. In 2001, the Bessemer & Lake Erie Railroad became part of Great Lakes Transportation, LLC. On May 10, 2004, Canadian National Railwayacquired the Bessemer and Lake Erie Railroad. Iron ore and coal are still the route's major freight commodities.
The B&LE connects with the
Norfolk Southern Railwayat Wallace Junction, near Erie, Pennsylvania, and at the Shenango, Pennsylvaniayard. The Union Railroad connects at the B&LE's southern terminus at North Bessemer, Pennsylvania. CSX (formerly the Erie-Lackawanna Railroad) connects at Shenango Yard, and the Buffalo and Pittsburgh Railroadconnects at Calvin Yard in Butler, Pennsylvania. The B&LE also formerly interchanged at Osgood, Pennsylvaniawith the New York Central System, later Penn Central Railroadand then Conrail, until the latter abandoned the line in 1988.
The main rail yard and locomotive and car shops are located in
Greenville, Pennsylvania. Although the B&LE acquired some early diesel-electric switching locomotives painted black with yellow trim, the company adopted a locomotive color scheme of bright orange and black in 1950, and it remained so through the CN purchase. Because the B&LE's primary traffic is hauling iron ore, it adopted rust-colored hoppers so the ore wouldn't produce noticeable stains on its cars.
The former B&LE main line divides around Greenville, between a waypoint north of the Village of Osgood called 'KO' and another waypoint near the Village of Kremis that used the telegraph call name 'KY', for the "Osgood-Kremis" cut-off ("K-O") that joined the original "Old Line" there. The latter still winds down along the Little Shenango and Shenango Rivers into downtown Greenville (where the B&LE shops are located), and then climbs back up to Kremis, en route to Fredonia and North Bessemer. The B&LE constructed the shortcut K-O Line in 1901-02 to bypass the steep, winding route through Greenville. From 'KO Junction', it runs south over a long (1,724') viaduct above the Little Shenango River, the original B&LE Old Line, the former NYC RR's JF&C Branch and the former Erie RR's Chicago--New York main line at Osgood. It then passes east of downtown Greenville at a relatively high elevation, and rejoins the original line at KY, near Kremis. The K-O Line cut-off shortened KO to KY run by 3.1 miles vs. the Old Line. Except for the Osgood Viaduct, this cut-off was double-tracked for many years but, since the arrival of CTC signaling in the Fifties, is now entirely single track.
There was originally one
tunnelon the B&LE mainline at Culmerville, but it was dug out or "daylighted" in 1922, converting it to an open cut through a hill.
As it approaches Bessemer, the B&LE is also noticeable where it crosses the
Allegheny Riverimmediately east of and parallel to the Pennsylvania Turnpike.
* [http://www.cn.ca/about/special_interest/gltacquisition/newsroom/en_News.shtml CN Website - GLT Acquisition]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Bessemer and Lake Erie Railroad — Le Bessemer and Lake Erie Railroad (sigle de l AAR:BLE) était un chemin de fer américain de classe I de 1939 jusqu au milieu des années 1980, puis de classe II, qui opérait dans le nord ouest de la Pennsylvanie et le nord est de l Ohio. La route… … Wikipédia en Français
Erie (disambiguation) — Erie may refer to: General*Erie (tribe), the name of a tribe of Native Americans whose name is used for various locations. The word was borrowed into English from French which had previously borrowed the word (and gallicized it) from a… … Wikipedia
Erie and Pittsburgh Railroad — Infobox rail railroad name=Erie and Pittsburgh Railroad marks= locale= successor line=Pennsylvania Railroad gauge= start year=1860 end year=1870 length=mi to km|83 hq city= The Erie and Pittsburgh Railroad was a railroad based in Erie,… … Wikipedia
Bessemer — is the name, or part of the name, of several places in the United States: *Bessemer, Alabama *Bessemer, Michigan *Bessemer Township, Michigan *Bessemer City, North Carolina *Bessemer, Pennsylvania *Bessemer Bend, WyomingOther things or people… … Wikipedia
Union Station (Erie) — Infobox Station name=Union Station (Erie) style=Amtrak image size=250 image caption=Union Station address=125 West 14th Street Erie, PA 16501 line=rail color box|system=Amtrak|line=Lake Shore Limited other= platform= parking=Yes; short term free … Wikipedia
Union Railroad (Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania) — Infobox SG rail railroad name=Union Railroad logo filename=Union Railroad %28Pittsburgh%29 Logo.gif logo size= old gauge= marks=URR locale=North Bessemer, Munhall, Homestead, McKeesport, West Mifflin, Clairton, Bessemer, Riverton start year=1896… … Wikipedia
Elgin, Joliet and Eastern Railway — L Elgin, Joliet and Eastern Railway (sigle AAR: EJE) est une compagnie de chemin de fer de classe II qui opère dans la périphérie de Chicago. Il sert de lien entre les chemins de fer de classe I du nord est de l Illinois et du nord ouest de l… … Wikipédia en Français
United States Railroad Administration — The United States Railroad Administration was the name of the nationalized railroad system of the United States between 1917 and 1920. It was possibly the largest American experiment with nationalization, and was undertaken against a background… … Wikipedia
Elgin, Joliet and Eastern Railway — EJ E (red) and Canadian National Railway (blue) as of 2008 Reporting mark EJE … Wikipedia
Regional Railroad of the Year — The Regional Railroad of the Year is an annual award given to exemplary North American Class II railroads by rail transport industry publication Railway Age . The award recognizes the railroads commitments to customer service and innovation in… … Wikipedia