- Washington County, Pennsylvania
Infobox U.S. County
county = Washington County
state = Pennsylvania
map size = 225
March 28, 1781
seat = Washington | largest city = Washington
area percentage = 0.45%
census yr = 2000
pop = 202897
web = www.co.washington.pa.us
Washington County is a
countylocated in the U.S. stateof Pennsylvaniaand is part of the Pittsburgh Metropolitan Statistical Area. As of 2000, the population was 202,897. It was created on March 28, 1781 from part of Westmoreland County. Its county seatis WashingtonGR|6. Both the county and the city were named for American Revolutionary Warleader George Washington, later to become the first President of the United States. The county is home to Washington County Airport, located three miles southwest of Washington, Pennsylvania.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 861
square miles (2,230 km²).857 square miles (2,220 km²) of it is land and 4 square miles (10 km²) of it (0.45%) is water.
The County of Washington is governed by a three member publicly elected commission. The three commissioners serve in both executive and legislative capacities. By state law, the commission must have a minority party guaranteeing a political split on the commission. Each term is for four years.
The three current commissioners for Washington County are J. Bracken Burns (Democrat), Lawrence Maggi (Democrat), and
Diana Irey(Republican). Burns played a minor role as a doctor in the wrestling drama movie, "Reversal".
Maggi once ran for the Democratic nomination for
Pennsylvania's 18th congressional districtagainst Republican incumbent Tim Murphy in 2002. Irey was the Republican candidate for Pennsylvania's 12th congressional districtand lost to the popular Democratic incumbent John Murthain the 2006 election.
The Washington County Court of
Common Pleasserves as the primary judicial arm in the region. Judges are elected to ten year terms in accordance with Commonwealth law. Additionally, district judges serve throughout the county for minor offences.
*Beaver County (north)
*Allegheny County (northeast)
*Westmoreland County (east)
*Fayette County (southeast)
*Greene County (south)
Marshall County, West Virginia(southwest)
Ohio County, West Virginia(west)
Brooke County, West Virginia(west)
Hancock County, West Virginia(northwest)
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 202,897 people, 81,130 households, and 56,060 families residing in the county. The population densitywas 237 people per square mile (91/km²). There were 87,267 housing units at an average density of 102 per square mile (39/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.27% White, 3.26% Black or African American, 0.09% Native American, 0.36% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.19% from other races, and 0.82% from two or more races. 0.58% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 18.3% were of German, 17.2% Italian, 10.6% Irish, 8.6% English, 7.9% Polish and 6.2% American ancestry according to Census 2000.
There were 81,130 households out of which 28.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.20% were married couples living together, 10.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.90% were non-families. 27.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.96.
In the county, the population was spread out with 22.20% under the age of 18, 7.70% from 18 to 24, 27.20% from 25 to 44, 25.00% from 45 to 64, and 17.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 92.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.00 males.
As of 1800, this county was largely settled by people of Scot-Irish religion because "prime lands" were already taken by the Germans and the Quakers.
Landmarks and events
Washington County is the home of the
PONY Baseball and SoftballInternational Headquarters [ [http://www.pony.org/home/default.asp?menu_category=Home&menuid=758&parid=758] ] and is the home of the Pennsylvania Trolley Museum. [ [http://www.pa-trolley.org/TakeRide2.htm] ] Washington County is also famous for it's Rock Shelters at Meadowcroft Village, which are one of the best preserved and oldest Pre-ClovisNative American dwellings in the country. [ [http://meadowcroft.pghhistory.org/Travel_Directions.asp] ] The county has 21 covered bridgesstill standing. [ [http://www.washwow.com/custompages/CoveredBridgeFestival.php?pageID=126&custompages/] ]
Whiskey Rebellionculminated in Washington. The home of David Bradford, one of the rebellions leaders, is located in Washington and is a national landmark. [ [http://www.bradfordhouse.org/index.html] ]
Under Pennsylvania law, there are four types of incorporated municipalities: cities, boroughs, , and, in at most two cases, towns. The following cities, boroughs and townships are located in Washington County:
Public school districts
Avella Area School District
Bentworth School District
Bethlehem-Center School District
Brownsville Area School District(also in Fayette County)
Burgettstown Area School District
California Area School District
Canon-McMillan School District
Charleroi School District
Chartiers-Houston School District
Fort Cherry School District(also in Allegheny County)
McGuffey School District
Peters Township School District
Ringgold School District
Trinity Area School District
Washington School District
Colleges and universities
Washington & Jefferson Collegein the City of Washington and East Washington Borough
California University of Pennsylvaniain California Borough
Community College of Allegheny CountyWashington branch in North Franklin Township
University of PhoenixPittsburgh campus, Washington branch in the City of Washington
The Washington Hospitalin the City of Washington
Canonsburg General Hospital, part of West Penn Allegheny Health Systemin North Strabane Township
Monongahela Valley Hospitalin Carroll Township
William Holmes McGuffey, author of one of the nations first reading books was born in Washington county and returned to it to become a professor at Washington College.
John Alexander Anderson, born in Washington County, United States Congressmanfrom Kansascite book | title = Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607-1896 | publisher = Marquis Who's Who | date = 1967]
Kurt Angle(1968 - present), resided in Canonsburg, Olympic gold medalist
James G. Blaine(1830 - 1893), native of West Brownsville, United States Secretary of State, Speaker of the House of Representatives, and 1884 Republican presidential nominee
David Bradford, born in Maryland 1760 and resided in Washington, early deputy attorney-general for Washington County, became a leader in the Whiskey Rebellion challenging the nascent U.S. federal government [http://www.bradfordhouse.org]
Perry Como(1912 - 2001), native of Canonsburg, recording artist and television performer
Mitch Daniels(1949 - present), native of Monongahela, current Governor of Indiana
Ken Griffey, Sr.(1950 - present), native of Donora, Major League Baseballplayer
Ken Griffey, Jr.(1969 - present), native of Donora, Major League Baseballplayer
Joseph Hardy(1924 - present), former resident of Eighty Four, philanthropist, former CEO and founder of 84 Lumber
Diana Irey(1962 - present), resident of Carroll Township, Washington County Commissioner and Republican Congressional candidate for Pennsylvania's 12th congressional district
Shirley Jones(1934 - present), native of Smithton, singer and actress, best known for her role as the mother of the Partridge Familyand winning an Academy Awardfor an Actress in a Supporting Role in 1960 in "Elmer Gantry".
Mario Lemieux(1965 - present), former property owner in South Strabane Township, former National Hockey Leagueplayer and part owner of the Pittsburgh Penguins
Jonathan Letterman(1824 - 1872), native of Canonsburg, Father of Battlefield Medicine and Civil War surgeon
William Henry Letterman(1832 - 1881), native of Canonsburg, co-founder of the Phi Kappa Psifraternity, surgeon, and brother of Jonathan Letterman
Jay Livingston(1915 - 2001), native of McDonald, Oscar-winning songwriter
William Holmes McGuffey(1800-1873), native of the western side of the county, famous educator and writer of "McGuffey's Ecletic Readers" - one of America's first text books
Joe Montana(1956 - present), native of Monongahela, National Football Leagueplayer
Stan Musial(1920 - present), native of Donora, Major League Baseballplayer
Deborah Jeane Palfrey(1956 - 2008), native of Charleroi, "The D.C. Madam"
David Redick(died 1805), Vice-President (Lt. Governor) of Pennsylvaniafor three weeks in 1788; surveyor—laid out the town of Washington.
Bobby Vinton(1935 - present), native of Canonsburg, recording artist
Pete Henry(1897-1952), NFL player/coach, member of Pro Football Hall of Fame.
* [http://www.co.washington.pa.us/ Washington County Web Site]
* [http://www.chartiers.com History & Genealogy in Washington County, PA]
* [http://history.rays-place.com/pa/washington-cty.htm History of Townships in Washington County, PA]
* [http://digital.library.pitt.edu/cgi-bin/t/text/text-idx?idno=00hc17099m;view=toc;c=pitttext History of Washington County, Pennsylvania]
* [http://www.genealogybuff.com/pa/pa-washington-obits.htm Citizens of Washington County (Deaths and Obituaries)]
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См. также в других словарях:
Washington County (Pennsylvania) — Das Washington County Courthouse in Washington, seit 1974 im NRHP gelistet Verwaltung … Deutsch Wikipedia
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Morris Township, Washington County, Pennsylvania — For other Pennsylvania townships of the same name, see Morris Township, Pennsylvania. Morris Township Township Country United States … Wikipedia
Mount Pleasant Township, Washington County, Pennsylvania — For other Pennsylvania townships of the same name, see Mount Pleasant Township, Pennsylvania. Mount Pleasant Township Township Country United States … Wikipedia
North Franklin Township, Washington County, Pennsylvania — For other townships in Pennsylvania with similar names, see Franklin Township, Pennsylvania. North Franklin Township Township LeMoyne Cremator … Wikipedia
Chartiers Township, Washington County, Pennsylvania — For other uses, see Chartiers (disambiguation). Chartiers Township Township Country United States … Wikipedia