Udayagiri, Nellore district


Udayagiri, Nellore district

Infobox Indian Jurisdiction
native_name = Udayagiri | type = Mandal| latd = 14.8667 | longd = 79.3167
locator_position = right | state_name = Andhra Pradesh
district = Nellore District
leader_title = MLA
leader_name = Mekapati Chandhrasekhara reddy
altitude = 3
population_as_of =
population_total = | population_density =
area_magnitude=
area_total =
area_telephone = 08620
postal_code =
vehicle_code_range =
sex_ratio =
unlocode =
website =
footnotes =

Udayagiri is a Mandal and Thaluka and a Mandal in Nellore district in the state of Andhra Pradesh in India. [cite web
url=http://www.censusindia.gov.in/
title=List of Sub-Districts
publisher=Census of India
accessdate=2007-03-26
]

Geography

Udayagiri is located at coord|14.8667|N|79.3167|E|. [ [http://www.fallingrain.com/world/IN/2/Udayagiri.html Falling Rain Genomics.Udayagiri] ] It has an average elevation of 230 meters (757 feet).

History

First known history of the city was from 14th century. It was the capital of local kingdom of Langula Gajapati, chieftain to Gajapatis of Orissa. It came under rule of Krishna Deva Raya of Vijayanagara around 1512. Fort was inaccessible on most sides. It could be only penetrated on a jungle track in east side and a pathway on west side. The siege lasted for an year and resulted in loss for Prataparudra of Gajapatis.

During the reign of Gajapatis and Vijayanagara Empire, the fort was extended. The entire city and the surrounding hill of 1000 feet height were circled with walls. Fort consisted of thirteen buildings, eight on the hill and five below. It also consisted of several temples and gardens.

After the fall of Vijayanagara Empire, it was ruled by chieftains of Golconda rulers. The mosque on top of the hill has two Persian inscriptions that credits the construction of mosque and planting a near by garden to Shaik Husain, chieftain to Sultan Abdullah of Golconda. Then it came under the Nawabs of Arcot, who granted it to Mustafa Ali Khan as Jagir. His descendants controlled it till 1839, till they were deported by Nawabs again to Chengalput for their treason.

Government and Politics

Udayagiri is an assembly constituency in Andhra Pradesh.

List of Elected Members: [ [http://eci.gov.in/electionanalysis/AE/S01/partycomp124.htm Election Commission of India.APAssembly results] ]
*1951 - Kovi Ramayya Chowdary
*1955 - Sheik Moula Saheb
*1962 - P.Venkata Reddy
*1967 - N.Dhanenkula
*1972 - Ponneboina Chenchu Ramaiah
*1978 and 1983 - Muppavarapu Venkaiah Naidu
*1985 - Mekapati Rajamohan Reddy
*1989 - Madala Janakiram
*1994 and 1999 - Kambham Vijayarami Reddy
*2004 -2009 Mekapati Chandrasekhar ReddyFamous politician of BJP Sri M.Venkayya Naidu was first elected from "UDAYAGIRI"

Transport

It is located 96km from Nellore. The best way to reach the place is on road. Several buses run daily from other nearby major places, Kavali, Nellore, Atmakur and Duttaluru. Nearest railway station is located at Kavali, 50 miles east of Udayagiri.

Culture

It was historical important city, but lost its glory to small village. The hill on which the fort lies rises to a height from 1000 ft to 3079 ft. above the mean sea level. It covers an area of seven miles. Ruined walls on the west side hill are still visible. There are many remains of tombs, temples, and palaces inside the walls.

Demographics

People speak predominantly Telugu and wear traditional south Indian dresses like Saree, Lungi and Dhoti. The village people mostly follow Hindu and Muslim religions.

Festivals

People celebrate regular religious festivals like Dasara and Diwali. They also celebrate the Shakti Jataras of local dieties.

* Sri Adavi Perantalmma Jatara: Sri Adavi Perantalamma temple is in Gaddamvaripalli, 10km away from Udayagiri. Festival will be held in june for five days in every year.
* Sri Vengamamba Jatara: Sri Vengamamba temple is in Narawada, 25km away from Udayagiri. Festival at Vengamamba temple starts on the following Sunday right after the Perantalamma celebrations.

Education

Udayagiri boasts Government Degree College, which provides education for many surrounding villages.

Udayagiri Mandal Schools Information:

1)Government High School - Udayagiri village

2)Mandal Parishad Upper Primary School - G.Ayyavaripalli - Udayagiri Mandal

--Head Master: Mahaboob Basha Shaik - M.A, B.Ed

3)Vidyaranya Public School, Nagula Bavi Street - Correspondent:Mr.Pranay

4)Chaitanya school cum coaching center, small mosque street - Correspondent:Mr.Jeelani (08620-229365)

5)Priyadarshini High School, Near post office - Correspondent:Mr.Rafi

6)Sadhana Public School, Rozdaar Street - Correspondent:Mr.Syed Aslam

7)Crescent Public School, Balaji Nagar - Correspondet:Mr.Hussaini

8)Holy Angels School, Balaji Nagar

9)Gomathi School, Balaji Nagar

Engineering Colleges in Udayagiri:

1) Mekapati Rajamohan Reddy Institute of Technology and Sciences (MERITS) very near to Bus Depot of Udayagiri provides graduation studies to the students of Udayagiri mandal.

References

External references

* [http://dsal.uchicago.edu/reference/gazetteer/text.html?objectid=DS405.1.I34_V24_114.gifUdayagiri at Digital south asia library]
* Gazetter of the Nellore district, 1938 - By Government of Madras, Government Of Madras Staff.


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