Board of education


Board of education

A board of education or a school board or school committee is the title of the board of directors of a school, local school district or higher administrative level.

The elected council helps determine educational policy in a small regional area, such as a city, state, or province. It usually shares power with a larger institution, such as the government's department of education. The name of the board is also often used to refer to the school system under the board's control.

The government department which administered education in the United Kingdom before the foundation of the Ministry of Education was also called the Board of Education.

In the United States

The leadership of a school district, and generally the statewide organization responsible for the oversight of such local boards as well, is styled as the "XYZ Board of Education" or some variation thereon.

Boards of education are usually elected by residents of the school district but may also be appointed by mayors or other executives of jurisdictions such as cities or counties whose jurisdictions may be coextensive with that of the school district. The Board of Education of the District of Columbia includes both elected and appointed members, as does the Ohio Board of Education. The Massachusetts Board of Education consists of eight appointed members and one elected by the public school students of the Commonwealth. There may also be circumstances where nonresident property owners whose property taxes can be affected by a levy enacted by the school board may have a right to vote in school board elections as well. State boards of education are generally appointed by the governor but are entirely elected by popular vote in a few states.

The size and authority of boards of education varies widely. In some districts they have the authority to set and levy tax rates; in others they may have only the authority to recommend such to a legislative body or executive. Most boards have between five and fifteen members, some including representatives from the student body itself. In some districts, especially small rural ones, they may approve the hiring and dismissal of every teacher; more typically they are responsible only for overall policies and procedures and leave the day-to-day operation of the district to a professional educator, who is generally referred to by the title of schools superintendent, chief executive officer, or "director." In rural and suburban districts in particular, there are often discussions about the abilities and powers of individual board members and what rights that they have (if any) to observe and comment on individual schools or classes. A consensus has been reached in many districts in recent years that board members have only "collective" authority when meeting and acting as a board and should generally not be involved as individuals in attempting to run schools directly.

Particularly in rural areas, the board of education of a county-wide school district may be the area's largest employer and thus the board may be subject to political considerations that may be lessened or lacking in other circumstances.Compensation for board members varies from none at all in districts where members serve on a volunteer basis to jurisdictions where the position is considered to be a major part-time job and may pay thousands of dollars per annum. State Board of Education members in most states are reimbursed for their travel expenses in conjunction with meetings, although this also varies on a state-by-state basis.

Lists of school boards

*List of Ontario school boards
*List of school districts in Orange County, California
*List of school districts in Colorado
*Massachusetts Board of Education
*New York City Department of Education
*Boards of Education in India

ources and references

External links

* [http://www.citymayors.com/education/usa_schoolboards.html CityMayors]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • board of education — n. A local or state agency that manages municipal or local schools. The Essential Law Dictionary. Sphinx Publishing, An imprint of Sourcebooks, Inc. Amy Hackney Blackwell. 2008 …   Law dictionary

  • board of education — n. an elected or appointed body at the local or state level that supervises a given school system or systems …   English World dictionary

  • Board of Education — board responsible for education issues relating to schools …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Board of Education — Board of Ed|u|ca|tion in the US, a group of people who are elected to make decisions about how schools and colleges are managed, and about how children are educated in a particular ↑county or state …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • board of education — board′ of educa′tion n. gov edu an appointive or elective body that directs and administers chiefly primary and secondary public schools …   From formal English to slang

  • board of education — noun a board in charge of local public schools • Syn: ↑school board • Hypernyms: ↑board …   Useful english dictionary

  • board of education — A state or local agency or board organized for government and management of schools in state or municipality. The agency to which state delegates power and duty of controlling schools in school district. See also school (school board or… …   Black's law dictionary

  • board of education — A state or local agency or board organized for government and management of schools in state or municipality. The agency to which state delegates power and duty of controlling schools in school district. See also school (school board or… …   Black's law dictionary

  • board of education — 1. a board having control over a school system. 2. an appointive or elective body that directs and administers chiefly the primary and secondary public schools in a town, city, county, or state. * * * …   Universalium

  • board of education — A public corporation created by statute for the purposes of public education; the directors or trustees of a municipality or school district, who, acting as a body, administer the law governing the public schools in the municipality or school… …   Ballentine's law dictionary


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