- Tudor rose
The Tudor rose (sometimes called the English Rose) is a traditional heraldic emblem of
Englandand takes its name and origins from the Tudor dynasty.
When Henry Tudor took the crown of
Englandfrom Richard III in battle, he brought about the end of the Wars of the Rosesbetween the House of Lancaster(whose badge was a red rose) and the House of York(whose badge was a white rose). His father was Edmund Tudorfrom the House of Richmond, and his mother was Margaret Beaufort from the House of Lancaster; he married Elizabeth of Yorkto bring all factions together.
On his marriage, Henry adopted the Tudor Rose badge conjoining the
White Rose of Yorkand the Red Rose of Lancaster. The Tudor Rose is occasionally seen divided vertically (in heraldic terms "per pale") red and white. [Wise, p. 22] More often, the Tudor Rose is depicted as a double rose [Fox-Davies, "Heraldry", p. 187] , white on red.
During his reign, Henry VIII had the "Round Table" at
Winchester Castle— then believed to be genuine — repainted. The new paint scheme included a Tudor Rose in the centre.
The Tudor rose badge might be "slipped and crowned", that is, shown as a cutting with a stem and leaves beneath a crown; this badge appears in
Nicholas Hilliard's "Pelican Portrait" of Elizabeth I.
The Tudor rose might also be "dimidiated" (cut in half and combined with half another emblem) to form a compound badge. The
Westminster Tournament Rollincludes a badge of Henry and his first wife Catherine of Aragonwith a slipped Tudor rose conjoined with Catherine's personal badge, the pomegranate[Fox-Davies, "Heraldry", p. 336] ; their daughter Mary I bore the same badge. [Boutell, p. 229] James I of England and VI of Scotland used a badge of a Tudor rose dimidiated with a thistle and surmounted by a royal crown. [Fox-Davies, "Badges", p. 117; Boutell 1909 gives this badge as a rose (not a Tudor rose) dimidiated by a thistle.]
The Tudor rose is used as the plant badge of England, as
Scotlanduses the thistle, Irelanduses the shamrock, and Walesuses the leek. As such, it is seen on the dress uniforms of the Yeomen Wardersat the Tower of London, and of the Yeomen of the Guard. It features on the British Twenty Pence coinand the Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom. It also features, albeit subtly, on the Coat of arms of Canada.
It is also notably used (albeit, confusingly enough in a monochromatic form) as the symbol of the
English Tourist Board[http://www.enjoyengland.com/] . It is used as the name of a brand of fortified wine.
Flag of England
Wars of the Roses
White Rose of York
Red Rose of Lancaster
* Boutell, Charles: "The Handbook to English Heraldry", edited A. C. Fox-Davies, 11th edition, Reeves & Turner, London, 1914. [http://www.gutenberg.org/etext/23186 Etext at Project Gutenberg]
*Fox-Davies, Arthur Charles: "The Art of Heraldry", 1904; facsimile edition Arno Press, 1976.
*Fox-Davies, Arthur Charles: "Heraldic Badges", 1907; digitized at
Google books, retrieved 1 December 2007.
*Wise, Terence: "Medieval Heraldry", Osprey Publishing, 1980, ISBN 0850453488
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