Infobox musical artist
Name = Cazuza
Img_capt = Cazuza
Background = solo_singer
Birth_name = Agenor Miranda Araújo Neto
April 4, 1958
July 7, 1990
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Brazilian rock, Música Popular Brasileira
Years_active = 1982-1990
URL = [http://www.cazuza.com.br www.Cazuza.com.br]
April 4, 1958— July 7, 1990) was a Brazilian composer, singerand poet, born Agenor Miranda Araújo Neto in Rio de Janeiro. Along with Raul Seixas, Renato Russoand Os Mutantes, Cazuza is considered one of the best exponents of Brazilian rockmusic [cite book | last = Dapieve | first = Arthur | authorlink = | coauthors = | title = BRock - o rock brasileiro dos anos 80 | publisher = DBA | date = 2000 | location = São Paulo | pages = | url = | doi = | id = ISBN 85-7234-253-2 ] .
Early life and influences
Son of the phonographic producer João Araújo and the amateur singer Maria Lúcia Araújo, Cazuza always had close contact with music. Influenced since early childhood by the strong values of Brazilian music, he had a special preference for the sad, dramatic overtones of
Cartola, Lupicinio Rodrigues, Dolores Durán, and Maysa. He began to write lyrics and poems around 1965. In late 1974, a vacation in London, England, acquainted him with the music of Led Zeppelin, Janis Joplin, and the Rolling Stones, and he soon became a great fan. Cazuza enrolled in college in 1978, but abandoned the course of journalismthree weeks later to work with his father at Som Livre. He moved later to San Francisco, where he came in contact with beat literature, becoming highly influenced by it.
In 1980 he returned to Rio, where he worked with the theatrical group "Asdrúbal Trouxe o Trombone" (Asdrúbal Brought the Trombone). There he was noticed by the novice singer/composer Leo Jayme, who introduced him to a beginning rock band that needed a vocalist, the
Barão Vermelho. With this very successful eighties Brazilian rockband, who had their greatest success with "Bete Balanço", a song that was part of the soundtrack of a film, Cazuza began his career as a singer. In 1985, Cazuza took part in Rock in Riowith " Barão Vermelho", and around this time, Caetano Velosoclaimed he was the greatest Brazilian poet of his generation. It was also in this same year that Cazuza was infected with the AIDSvirus, precipitating his desire to leave the band in order to obtain a greater freedom in composition and expression, both musically and lyrically.
After he left the band, Cazuza's music began to diversify, incorporating elements of the
bluesin songs such as "Blues da Piedade" (Blues of Compassion), "Só as mães são felizes" (Only Mothers Are Happy) and "Balada da Esplanada" (Ballad of the Esplanade), which was based on a poem of the same name by Oswald de Andrade, showcasing increasingly intimate lyrics, like those in "Só se for a Dois" (Only If It Will Be Two), as well as opening itself up to influences from Brazilian pop music with interpretations of Cartola's "O Mundo é um Moinho", Raul Seixas's "Cavalos Calados" (Silent Horses) and Caetano Veloso's "Esse Cara" (This Guy).
Contrary to what usually happens once an artist leaves a band that has made them famous, Cazuza's solo career proved to be more successful than that of his former group. "Exagerado" (Exaggerated), "O Tempo não Pára" (Time Doesn't Stop), and "Ideologia" (Ideology) were his greatest hits and proved to be a great influence on subsequent Brazilian musicians.
In 1989, he admitted publicly for the first time that he had
AIDSand released his last album: "Burguesia". Cazuza was openly bisexualbut was not active in the gay movement. However his openness about being a person with AIDS helped to change public perceptions and attitudes about HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment.cite book
coauthors =Garry Wotherspoon
title=Who's Who in Gay and Lesbian History: From Antiquity to World War II
id = ISBN 041522974X
Cazuza died in Rio de Janeiro on
July 7, 1990at the age of 32 from an AIDS related illness. He was buried at the Cemitério São João Batista Botafogo, in Rio de Janeiro [ [http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=13347994 FindAGrave.com burial site] ] . Cazuza's mother set up the Viva Cazuza Society("Sociedade Viva Cazuza"), a charity which sponsors AIDS preventionand provides a home for HIV-positivechildren
In 2004 a biopic film directed by Sandra Werneck called
Cazuza - O Tempo Não Párawas released.
* "Barão Vermelho", 1982
Barão Vermelho 2", 1983
* "Bete Balanço", 1984 (soundtrack)
Maior Abandonado", 1984
Barão Vermelho Ao Vivo", 1992
Só se for a dois", 1987
O tempo não pára", 1988
Por aí", 1991
Bete Balanço, (1984)
Um Trem para as Estrelas, 1988
Cazuza - O Tempo Não Pára, 2004 (biopic)
* [http://www.artistdirect.com/nad/music/artist/bio/0,,514652,00.html#bio Biography]
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