- Leopold V, Duke of Austria
Leopold V (1157 –
December 31, 1194), "the Virtuous", was a Babenberg dukeof Austria from 1177 to 1194 and Styria from 1192 to 1194.
August 17, 1186the Georgenberg Pactwas negotiated, by which Styria and the central part of Upper Austriawere amalgamated into the Duchy of Austriaafter 1192. This was the first step towards the creation of modern Austria.
Leopold is mainly remembered outside Austria for his participation in the
Third Crusade. He arrived to take part in the siege of Acrein spring 1191, having sailed from Zadaron the Adriatic coast. He took over command of what remained of the imperial forces after the death of Frederick VI, Duke of Swabiain January.
After Acre surrendered, the banners of the
Kingdom of Jerusalem, Richard I of England, Philip II of Franceand Leopold were raised in the city by Leopold's cousin, Conrad of Montferrat. However, Richard removed Leopold's flag (see Siege of Acre). Richard was also suspected of involvement in the murder of Conrad, shortly after his election as King of Jerusalem in April 1192. On his journey back that winter, Richard, travelling in disguise, had to stop in Vienna, where he was recognized (supposedly because of his signet ring) and was arrested in the Erdberg district (modern Landstraße). For some time the king was imprisoned in Dürnstein, and was then brought before Emperor Henry VI, and accused of Conrad's murder. The immense ransom, supposedly six thousand buckets of silver, became the foundation for the mint in Vienna, and was used to build new city walls for Vienna, as well as to build Wiener Neustadt. However, the duke was excommunicated by Pope Celestine IIIfor having taken a fellow crusader prisoner.
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