- Eric S. Raymond
caption = Raymond at Linucon 2005
birth_date = birth date and age|mf=yes|1957|12|4
nationality = American
other_names = ESR
employer = Thyrsus Enterprises
Software developer, author, advocate
religion = Neopagan
website = http://www.catb.org/~esr/
Eric Steven Raymond (born December 4, 1957), often referred to as ESR, is a
computer programmer, author and open source softwareadvocate. His name became known within the hacker culturewhen he became the maintainer of the " Jargon File". After the 1997 publication of " The Cathedral and the Bazaar", Raymond became, for a number of years, an informal representative of the open source movement.
Boston, Massachusettsin 1957, Raymond lived in Venezuela before settling in Pennsylvaniain 1971. [cite web | url = http://www.laweekly.com/art+books/cyber/man-against-the-fud/6614/ | title = Man Against the FUD | accessdate = 2008-07-07 ] Raymond says his mild form of congenital cerebral palsymotivated him to pursue a future in computing; [ [http://archive.salon.com/21st/feature/1998/04/cov_14feature.html Let my software go!] , Salon.com] his involvement with hacker culture began in 1976, and he contributed to his first free softwareproject in the late 1980s. His primary contributions to open source software have been maintaining the fetchmailemail client for a certain time, and gpsd. Other contributions have included Emacsediting modes and portions of libraries like GNU ncurses, giflib/libungif, and libpng. He also wrote CML2, a source code configuration system; while originally intended for the Linux kernel, it was rejected by kernel developers. [cite web | url = http://kerneltrap.org/node/17 | title = CML2, ESR, & The LKML | work = KernelTrap | date = 2002-02-17 ] Raymond attributed this rejection to "kernel list politics". [ cite web | url= http://www-106.ibm.com/developerworks/linux/library/l-ivesr.html?ca=dgr-lnxw09EricRaymond | title = Interview: Eric Raymond goes back to basics | work = IBM developerWorks | first = Rob | last = McMillan ]
Raymond is the author of a number of
How-todocuments and FAQs, many of which are included in the Linux Documentation Projectcorpus. [cite web | url = http://www.catb.org/~esr/faqs/ | title = Eric Raymond's FAQ collection | accessdate = 2007-02-25 ] Raymond's 2003 book " The Art of Unix Programming" covers Unix history and culture, and modern user tools available for programming and accomplishing tasks in Unix. Raymond has also been the editor of the Jargon Filesince he adopted it in 1990.
Other than his computing interests, Raymond has a strong interest in
science fiction, and has a black belt in Tae Kwon Do. [ cite web | url = http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/business/longterm/microsoft/stories/1998/raymond120398.htm | title = U.S. v. Microsoft Special Report | accessdate=2008-07-08 ] Raymond is a neopagan, [ cite web | first = Eric S | last = Raymond | title = Dancing With The Gods | work = Eric's Home Page | publisher = Individual | year = 1995-07-25 | url = http://www.catb.org/~esr/writings/dancing.html | accessdate = September 14 | accessyear = 2005 ] an avowed anarcho-capitalist, and an advocate of a general right to possess and use firearms. [ cite web | url = http://catb.org/~esr/guns/gun-ethics.html | title = Ethics from the Barrel of a Gun ] Raymond ceased blogging in June 2006, but resumed in June 2008, making reference to "a certain lawsuit now in court" as the cause for the inactivity. [cite web | first = Eric S | last = Raymond | title = I’m unstealthing | publisher = Individual | accessdate = 2008-09-17 ]
Raymond coined the
aphorism"Given enough eyeballs, all bugs are shallow." He credits Linus Torvaldswith the inspiration for this quotation, which he dubs " Linus's law". The quotation appears in "The Cathedral and the Bazaar", published in 1997. [ cite web | url = http://www.catb.org/~esr/writings/cathedral-bazaar/cathedral-bazaar/ar01s04.html | title = Release Early, Release Often | work = The Cathedral and the Bazaar | last = Raymond | first = Eric S | accessdate = 2007-02-25 ] Raymond became a prominent voice in the open source movement and co-founded the Open Source Initiativein 1998. He also took on the self-appointed role of ambassador of open sourceto the press, business and public. The release of the Mozilla(then Netscape) source code in 1998 was an early accomplishment. He accepted stock options from VA Softwareto provide credibility to the company and act as a hired "corporate conscience" [ [http://linuxtoday.com/news_story.php3?ltsn=1999-12-10-001-05-NW-LF Eric S. Raymond -- Surprised By Wealth] , [http://lwn.net/2001/0222/a/esr-hard-times.php3 ESR hard times] ] and has spoken in more than fifteen countries on six continents including a lecture at Microsoft. [ [http://www.techweb.com/wire/story/TWB19990615S0032 Open Source Advocate Invited To Microsoft] ]
In his open source advocacy, Raymond refused to speculate on whether the "bazaar" development model could be applied to works such as
booksand music, not wanting to "weaken the winning argument for open-sourcing software by tying it to a potential loser". [cite web | url = http://www.catb.org/~esr/writings/cathedral-bazaar/afterword/ | title = Afterword: Beyond Software? | last = Raymond | first = Eric S. | year = 2000 | accessdate = 2007-07-24] Later, he said that it could not work for an encyclopedia; [cite web | url = http://www.ft.com/cms/s/3300554a-6d6a-11db-8725-0000779e2340.html | title = Wikipedia stand-off in search for online truth | publisher = FT.com | accessdate = 2007-01-11 ] he was particularly critical of Wikipedia, calling it a "disaster",cite web | url = http://www.newyorker.com/archive/2006/07/31/060731fa_fact?currentPage=5 | title = KNOW IT ALL: Can Wikipedia conquer expertise?" | last = Schiff | first = Stacy | accessdate = 2007-01-16 | date = 2006-07-24 ] and raising concerns about the factual accuracy and neutrality of its article about him.
Raymond has had a number of public disputes with other figures in the
free software movement. He has rejected what he describes as the "very seductive" moral and ethical rhetoric of Richard Stallmanand the Free Software Foundation, asserting that this is "not because his principles are wrong, but because that kind of language ... simply does not persuade anybody."cite web | url = http://linuxtoday.com/stories/7196.html | title = Shut up and the Show Them The Code | work = Linux Today | date = 1999-07-28 ]
Raymond addressed some of his critics from the software development community in his 1999 essay "Take My Job, Please!", [ [http://www.catb.org/~esr/writings/take-my-job-please.html Take my job, please.] , Eric Raymond.] stating that he was willing to "back to the hilt" anyone qualified and willing to take his job and present the case for open source to the world. In February 2005, Raymond stepped down as the president of the
Open Source Initiative.
Raymond was granted 150,000 share options of VA Linux which reached a value of $32 million on the day of VA's IPO. [cite web | url = http://www.wired.com/techbiz/media/news/1999/12/33023 | title = Open Source Rich Opens Mouth] [cite web | url = http://www.linuxtoday.com/news_story.php3?ltsn=1999-12-10-001-05-NW-LF | title = Eric S. Raymond -- Surprised By Wealth] His shares vested over a four year period contingent on him staying on the board. Twelve months later, following the internet bubble burst, shares of VA had dropped from a high of $242.87 to $14. [cite web | url = http://finance.yahoo.com/q/hp?s=LNUX&a=11&b=9&c=1999&d=2&e=14&f=2008&g=d&z=66&y=1782 | title = VA Stock Price History]
* The New Hacker's Dictionary (editor) (MIT Press, paperback ISBN 0-262-68092-0, cloth ISBN 0-262-18178-9) — printed version of the
Jargon filewith Raymond listed as the author.
* The Cathedral and the Bazaar (O'Reilly; hardcover ISBN 1-56592-724-9, October 1999; paperback ISBN 0-596-00108-8, January 2001) — includes "
The Cathedral and the Bazaar", " Homesteading the Noosphere", "The Magic Cauldron" and " Revenge of the Hackers"
The Art of Unix Programming(Addison-Wesley, October 2003; paperback ISBN 0-13-142901-9)
* [http://www.catb.org/~esr/ Eric Raymond's home page] and [http://esr.ibiblio.org weblog]
* [http://esr.ibiblio.org/index.php?p=208 Attempt to hire Eric] E-mail from Microsoft, with Eric's response
* [http://ars.userfriendly.org/cartoons/?id=19981203 The User Friendly webcomic issue with Eric S. Raymond.]
* [http://tllts.org/mirror.php?fname=tllts_95-08-03-05.mp3 Linux Link Tech Show interview (audio), 2005]
NAME= Raymond, Eric Steven
computer programmer, author and advocate for the open source movement
DATE OF BIRTH=December 4, 1957
PLACE OF BIRTH=
DATE OF DEATH=
PLACE OF DEATH=
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