Bedford County, Tennessee

Bedford County, Tennessee

Infobox U.S. County
county = Bedford County
state = Tennessee

seallink =
| founded = December 3, 1807
seat = Shelbyville
largest city = Shelbyville
area_total_sq_mi = 475
area_total_km2 = 1230
area_land_sq_mi = 474
area_land_km2 = 1227
area_water_sq_mi = 1
area_water_km2 = 3
area percentage = .25%
census yr = 2000
pop = 37586
density_sq_mi = 79
density_km2 = 31
time zone = Central
UTC offset = -6
DST offset= -5
footnotes =
web = |

Bedford County is a county located in the U.S. state of Tennessee. As of 2000, the population was 37,586. The 2005 Census Estimate placed the population at 42,204. [ [] ] Its county seat is ShelbyvilleGR|6.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 475 square miles (1,230 km²), of which, 474 square miles (1,227 km²) of it is land and 1 square miles (3 km²) of it (0.25%) is water.

Adjacent counties

*Rutherford County (north)
*Coffee County (east)
*Moore County (southeast)
*Lincoln County (south)
*Marshall County (west)


The county was created in 1807 when the citizens of Rutherford County living south of the Duck River and the Stones River successfully petitioned the governor to split Rutherford County into two. The new county was named after Revolutionary War officer Thomas Bedford, who was a large landowner in the area. Once the state's largest and most populous county, Bedford County was progressively reduced in size since 1809. Bedford county had one of the highest Confederate enlistments during the civil war in Tennessee. The county was pro-confederate and Shelbyville was a frequent Confederate meeting place. During the civil war the Union frequently tried to take Shelbyville but was met with large Confederate forces. The Army of Tennessee (Confederate) held the town for over two and a half years until The Army of the Tennessee (a Union army named after the Tennessee river) took the town by a force of 12,000. Bedford county has a popular history of racial crimes including lynchings and riots. Shelbyville's population has grown higher in the last ten years due to major manufacturing companies.

Confederate general Nathan Bedford Forrest was born in Chapel Hill (now in Marshall County) in 1821.


As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 37,586 people, 13,905 households, and 10,345 families residing in the county. The population density was 79 people per square mile (31/km²). There were 14,990 housing units at an average density of 32 per square mile (12/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 86.84% White, 8.48% Black or African American, 0.28% Native American, 0.45% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 2.73% from other races, and 1.16% from two or more races. 7.48% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 13,905 households out of which 34.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.30% were married couples living together, 11.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.60% were non-families. 21.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.67 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.80% under the age of 18, 9.90% from 18 to 24, 29.70% from 25 to 44, 22.00% from 45 to 64, and 12.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 98.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $36,729, and the median income for a family was $40,691. Males had a median income of $28,485 versus $20,673 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,698. About 9.70% of families and 13.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.90% of those under age 18 and 17.80% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns

*Bell Buckle
*Unionville (unincorporated)


External links

*dmoz|Regional/North_America/United_States/Tennessee/Counties/Bedford/|Bedford County

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