- Bulgarian coup d'état of 1934
The Bulgarian coup d'état of 1934, also known as the 19 May coup d'état ( _bg. Деветнадесетомайски преврат, "Devetnadesetomayski prevrat"), was a
coup d'étatin Bulgariacarried out by the Zvenomilitary organization and the Military Unionwith the aid of the Bulgarian Army. It overthrew the government of the wide Popular Bloccoalition and replaced it with one under Kimon Georgiev.
The Popular Bloc, which had held power since 1934, consisted of the Democratic Party,
Bulgarian Agrarian National Union(BANU) "Vrabcha 1", the National Liberal Party and the Radical Democratic Party. Although it did not abolish the restrictive laws introduced by the former government of the Democratic Accord and it did not change the way the police functioned, it was met with hostility from right-wing forces such as the Military Union (led by Damyan Velchev, Zveno and Aleksandar Tsankov's Popular Social Movement, of which the most active were the Zveno activists.
After a Military Union congress in November 1933, direct preparations for the coup began, with the plotters attempting to win the support of BANU "Vrabcha 1", BANU "
Aleksandar Stamboliyski" and even the Democratic Party, but in vain. Taking advantage of the discord in the Popular Bloc in the spring of 1934, the Zveno activists carried out the coup on the eve of 19 May, ahead of Aleksandar Tsankov's supporters, who had planned a coup for 20 May. The coup installed a government under Kimon Georgiev which, besides Zveno members, also included right-wing agrarians and National Social Movement members, while the most important ministry positions were held by the Military Union.
The coup was not well received by the other political parties, but they were unable to oppose it effectively. The plotters also had no wide popular support and relied solely on the aid of the army. The new government temporarily abolished the
Tarnovo Constitution, dissolved the National Assembly and banned political parties, revolutionary organizations and trade unions. A new governmental system was introduced wherein the central authority would appoint mayors and would establish state trade unions. Additionally, measures were adopted to deal with the workers' and socialist movement in the country. A state monopolywas introduced, which affected the interests of the big companies.
In foreign policy, the regime's most notable act was to establish diplomatic relations with the USSR on
23 July 1934and orient Bulgaria towards France. Since part of the Zveno activists and the Military Union were republicans, the regime had a certain anti-monarchist direction, which is why Tsar Boris III did not welcome the coup. With the aid of faithful Military Union officers, the tsar forced Kimon Georgiev to resign in January 1935 and appointed Pencho Zlatevin his place. From that point, the tsar had total control over the country, a state which would last until his death in 1943.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
См. также в других словарях:
Bulgarian Agrarian National Union — ▪ political party, Bulgaria also called Peasant Party , Bulgarian Bŭlgarski Zemedelski Naroden Sŭyuz (BZNS) Bulgarian political party founded under the name Bulgarian Agrarian Union in 1899. The party controlled the government between… … Universalium
List of coups d'état and coup attempts — This is a list of coups d état and coup attempts. A list of revolutions and revolts can be found here: list of revolutions and revolts.BC*509 Members of the Tarquin dynasty led by Lucius Junius Brutus overthrew King of Rome Lucius Tarquinius… … Wikipedia
6 February 1934 crisis — The 6 February 1934 crisis refers to an anti parliamentarist street demonstration in Paris organized by far right leagues that culminated in a riot on the Place de la Concorde, near the seat of the French National Assembly. It was one of the… … Wikipedia
National Liberation War of Macedonia — For other uses of terms redirecting here, see Macedonian struggle. National Liberation War of Macedonia Part of the Yugoslav Front of World War II … Wikipedia
Ivan Mihailov — Infobox revolution biography name = Ivan Mihailov lived = 1895 ndash;1990 dateofbirth = birth date|1896|8|26|mf=y placeofbirth = Novo Selo, Ottoman Empire (now Republic of Macedonia) dateofdeath = death date and age|1990|9|5|1896|8|26… … Wikipedia
Nikola Atanasov — Born 1886 Fotovishta, today Bulgaria Died March 15, 1945 Nevrokop, Bulgaria Organization IMARO Nikola Atanasov (Bulgarian: Никола Атанасов) was a … Wikipedia
Bulgaria — Infobox Country native name = bg. Република България bg. Republika Balgaria This article uses the official Bulgarian transliteration system when romanizing Bulgarian Cyrillic. For details, see Romanization of Bulgarian.] local name = bg. Balgaria … Wikipedia
G. M. Dimitrov — Georgi Mihov Dimitrov ( bg. Георги Михов Димитров; 15 April 1903 21 November 1972), known as Gemeto (Гемето, The G. M. ) to distinguish him from Georgi Dimitrov Mihaylov, was a Bulgarian politician, a leading figure of the Bulgarian Agrarian… … Wikipedia
Democratic Alliance (Bulgaria) — Democratic Alliance Демократически сговор Demokraticheski Sgovor Founded 1923 Dissolved 1934 The Democratic Alliance (Bulgarian: Демократичен сговор) was a Bulgarian party that existed between 1923 and 1934 when all parties were banned. During… … Wikipedia
Территориально-политическая экспансия Третьего рейха — Основная статья: Третий рейх Территориально политическая экспансия Третьего рейха процесс реализации экспансионистского политического курса нацистской Германии (Третьего рейха), направленного на максимальное расширение его территории с… … Википедия