- Brewster County, Texas
Infobox U.S. County
county = Brewster County
state = Texas
map size = 250
founded = 1887
seat = Alpine | area_total_sq_mi =6193
area percentage = 0%
census yr = 2000
pop = 8866
web = www.co.brewster.tx.us
Brewster County is a county located in western part of the
U.S. stateof Texas, along the border with Mexico. As of the 2000 census, the population is 8,866. Its county seatand only city is AlpineGR|6.
U.S. Highway 90 crosses the county in the north; U.S. Highway 385 enters Brewster County from the northeast and proceeds south to the county's main attraction,
Big Bend National Park, part of the Big Bend. The Southern Pacific Railroadcrosses northern parts of the county.
Brewster is named for
Henry Percy Brewster, a secretary of war for the Republic of Texas. The county is the largest in the state.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 6,193 square miles (16,039 km²), none of which is covered in water.
The county's area is larger than the area of
Connecticut, Delaware, and Rhode Islandindividually, and larger than the combined area of Delaware and Rhode Island.
=Adjacent counties and municipios=
*Pecos County (north)
*Terrell County (northeast)
*Presidio County (west)
*Jeff Davis County (northwest)
*Manuel Benavides, Chihuahua, Mexico (southwest)
*Acuña, Coahuila, Mexico (southeast)
*Ocampo, Coahuila, Mexico (south)
Big Bend National Park
Rio Grande Wild and Scenic River(part)
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 8,866 people, 3,669 households, and 2,216 families residing in the county. The population densitywas 1 person per square mile (1/km²). There were 4,614 housing units at an average density of 1 per square mile (0/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 81.09% White, 1.22% Black or African American, 0.85% Native American, 0.37% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 13.44% from other races, and 2.98% from two or more races. 43.62% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 3,669 households out of which 26.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.70% were married couples living together, 10.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.60% were non-families. 32.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.96.
In the county, the population was spread out with 22.20% under the age of 18, 14.80% from 18 to 24, 24.50% from 25 to 44, 23.90% from 45 to 64, and 14.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 99.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.40 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $27,386, and the median income for a family was $33,962. Males had a median income of $26,934 versus $21,250 for females. The
per capita incomefor the county was $15,183. About 12.60% of families and 18.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.80% of those under age 18 and 13.00% of those age 65 or over.
The following independent school districts serve Brewster County:
Alpine Independent School District
Marathon Independent School District
San Vicente Independent School District(K-8 only) (High schoolers attend Terlingua CSD)
Terlingua Common School District
Sul Ross State Universityis located in Alpine.
The sprawling 320,000 deeded acre (1,400 km²)
La Escalera Ranchis located 20 miles south of Fort Stockton, Texasand is owned and operated by the Gerald Lydafamily. The ranch extends over much of Pecos Countyand portions of Brewster County, Reeves County, Archer County, and Baylor County.
Originally owned by California-based Elsinore Land & Cattle Company, the 100-year old ranch was acquired by building contractor Gerald Lyda of
San Antonio, Texasand re-named La Escalera Ranch (Spanish for "The Ladder"). It is known for its herd of Black Anguscattle and its abundant wildlife. Gerald Lyda passed away in 2005. Today, the ranch is owned and operated by Lyda's sons Gerald D. and Gene Lyda, as well as Lyda's daughter Jo Lyda Granberg.
Located near the entrance to the ranch is
Sierra Madera crater. La Escalera Ranch has been ranked by " Texas Monthly", "Worth and The Land Report" magazines as one of the largest cattle ranchesin Texas and the United States.fact|date=April 2008
* [http://www.co.brewster.tx.us/ips/cms Brewster County Official Website]
* [http://www.brewstercountyhistory.org/ Brewster County Historical Commission]
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Look at other dictionaries:
National Register of Historic Places listings in Brewster County, Texas — List of Registered Historic Places in Brewster County, Texas Map of all coordinates from Google Map of all coordinates from Bing … Wikipedia
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