Marzabotto — Comune — Comune di Marzabotto
Coat of arms
Coordinates: Country Italy Region Emilia-Romagna Province Bologna (BO) Frazioni see list Government - Mayor Edoardo Masetti (since June 2004) Area - Total 74 km2 (28.6 sq mi) Elevation 130 m (427 ft) Population (31 January 2010) - Total 6,754 - Density 91.3/km2 (236.4/sq mi) Demonym Marzabottesi Time zone CET (UTC+1) - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2) Postal code 52100 Dialing code 051 Patron saint St. Joseph and St. Charles Saint day March 19 Website Official website
Marzabotto is a small town and comune in Italian region Emilia-Romagna, part of the province of Bologna. It is located 27 km SSW of Bologna by rail, and lies in the valley of the Reno. A massacre of inhabitants took place there in World War II.
In and below the grounds of the Villa Aria, close to the city, are the remains of an Etruscan town of the 5th century BC, Misa, protected on the west by the mountains, on the east and south by the river, which by a change of course has destroyed about half of it. The acropolis was just below the villa: here remains of temples were found.
The town lay below the modern high-road and was laid out on a rectangular plan divided by main streets into eight quarters, and these in turn into blocks or insulae. Cemeteries were found on the east and north of the site. The name of the place is unknown: it was partially inhabited later by the Gauls, but was not occupied by the Romans.
On September 29, 1944, during the World War II German occupation of Italy, the town was the site of the worst massacre of civilians committed by the Waffen SS in Italy. In reprisal of the local support given to the partisans and the resistance movement, soldiers of the SS-Panzer-Aufklärungsabteilung 16, killed systematically hundreds of civilians in Marzabotto, and in the adjacent Grizzana Morandi and Monzuno. The town was awarded with the Gold Medal to Military Valour for this episode.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
- Comune di Marzabotto on-line (in Italian)
- The Two Etruscan Necropolis of Marzabotto and their Sacred Ties with Montovolo by Graziano Baccolini
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Marzabotto — Escudo … Wikipedia Español
Marzabotto — Marzabotto … Deutsch Wikipedia
Marzabotto — Administration Pays Italie Région … Wikipédia en Français
Marzabotto — Marzabotto, Dorf in der ital. Provinz Bologna, Kreis Vergato, am Reno und an der Eisenbahn Bologna Pistoja, mit Burgruinen, Pfarrkirche aus dem 12. Jahrh., Ruinen einer Etruskerstadt aus dem 5. Jahrh. v. Chr. (seit 1889 ausgegraben), dem… … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Marzabotto — Marzabọtto, Stadt in der Provinz Bologna, Italien, in der Emilia Romagna, südlich von Bologna, 5 800 Einwohner. Stadtbild: Durch Ausgrabungen wurde die etruskische Stadt Misa (lateinisch Misanum) weitgehend erforscht; sie wurde gegen Ende… … Universal-Lexikon
Marzabotto — Original name in latin Marzabotto Name in other language Marzabot, Marzabotto, Marzabt State code IT Continent/City Europe/Rome longitude 44.34086 latitude 11.20471 altitude 132 Population 6262 Date 2012 02 15 … Cities with a population over 1000 database
Marzabotto — Sp Mardzabòtas Ap Marzabotto L Š Italija … Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė
MARZABOTTO — An important Etruscan settlement north of the Apennines refounded as a planned city in the fifth century BC on a less substantial sixth century settlement. Some sporadic Late Bronze Age fragments have also been found. The city has… … Historical Dictionary of the Etruscans
Marzabotto massacre — Remains of the church of San Martino di Monte Sole The Marzabotto massacre was a World War II mass murder of at least 770 civilians by Germans, which took place in the territory around the small village of Marzabotto, in the mountainous area… … Wikipedia
Marzabotto (antike Stadt) — Akropolis in Marzabotto Karte des Ausgrabungsstätte … Deutsch Wikipedia