- Rota, Cádiz
Infobox City | official_name = Rota, Spain | nickname =
| map_caption = Location of Rota
subdivision_type = Municipality | subdivision_name = Cádiz | leader_title =
Mayor| leader_name = Lorenzo Sánchez Alonso| political_party = Roteños Unidos
area_magnitude = 1 E9 | area_total_km2 = 84| area_land_km2 = 84| area_water_km2 = 0.00 | population_as_of = 2005 | population_note =
population_total = 26792| population_density_km2 = 319.0 | timezone = CET | utc_offset = +1 | timezone_DST = CEST | utc_offset_DST = +2 | latitude = 36º28' N | longitude = -6º12' W | website = http://www.aytorota.es/ | footnotes = |
Rota is a town of approximately 27,000 people in the
Andalusiaregion of Spain, located in Cádiz province, across the Bay of Cádiz from the city of that name. Rota is bordered by the towns of Chipiona, Sanlúcar de Barrameda, and El Puerto de Santa María. It is located on the Atlanticcoast, approximately halfway between Portugaland Gibraltar.
Archaeological evidence suggests that there was a
Bronze Agesettlement on the present site of Rota. The current town was founded by the Phoeniciansat approximately the same time as Cádiz. Rota is assumed to be the same city known as "Astaroth" of the Tartesian empire. It later passed to the Romans, who knew the town as "Speculum Rotae".
Following the arrival of the
Moorsin Spain, the city became known as "Rabita Rutta" ("watchtower of Rota"), from which it derives its present name. From 1248onwards, the Moors were gradually expelled from Spain, and the city became Christian. In 1297, Sancho IV awarded the town to Alonso Pérez de Guzmánin honour of his defence of Tarifa. Later, Pérez de Guzmán gave it to his daughter, Isabel, as a wedding present when she married Fermin Ponce de León, Maestre of Alcantaraand First Lord of Marchena. Construction of the " Castillo de la Luna" (Castle of the Moon) had begun in 1295, two years prior to the bequest to Pérez de Guzmán, as part of Sancho IV's effort to develop strong coastal defenses, especially near the entrance to the Mediterranean Sea. During the Middle Ages, the town was an important port for trading with North Africa. In 1780the 11th Duke of Arcosdied without issue, and the city was rendered to the Duke of Osuna.
Rota is primarily a
resorttown, offering eight hotels (including the four-star Hotel Duque de Najera) and nearly two thousand beds. It is a summer destination for tourists from all over Europe. During the off-season, its main commercial activity centres on the fishing industry.
Rota is also the location of a joint Spanish Naval base and U.S. Naval base, opened in
1955(which also hosts U.S. Marine and Air Force units). It is also the usual first port of call for U.S. naval vessels before entering the Mediterranean Sea.
According to an article in
Diario ABC, eighty percent of Rota's economy depends, directly or indirectly, on the US Naval base. Much of this economic impact involves on-base jobs for Spanish civilians and providing off-base housing and other accommodations for US military personnel.
The surrounding area is used for
agriculture; the predominant crop is cotton.
The most traditional dish is the "arranque" made with chopped bread, tomatoes, green peppers, garlic, salt and olive oil. The local wine, known as "tintilla", is made with dark, ripe grapes. It can be found in the numerous "bodegas" spread over the old town, most notably "El Gato" which produces its own wine.
Rota has two football teams:
Rota CFand UD La Roteña
Costa de la Luz
Monasterio de La Rábida (La Rabida Monastery)
Naval Station Rota, Spain
1999| 2000| 2001| 2002| 2003| 2004| 2005
25,198|25,560|25,919|26,257|26,431|26,691|26,792Source: [http://www.ine.es INE (Spain)]
* [http://www.aytorota.es/ Rota municipal government] , official website es icon
* [http://rota.com.es ROTAcom° Web Oficial - Rota, Andalusia (Spain)] On-line since 1999! News, premiere information, pictures, weather, etc. Into Spanish, English... (http://rota.com.es) es icon en icon
* [http://www.turismorota.com/ Rota Board of Tourism]
* [http://fotosantiguasrota.iespana.es/presentacion Rota Spain old photos]
* [http://www.rota.navy.mil/navsta/ U.S. Naval Station Rota, Spain website]
* [http://navymedicine.med.navy.mil/rota U.S. Naval Hospital Rota, Spain website]
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