Travis County, Texas


Travis County, Texas

Infobox U.S. County
county = Travis County
state = Texas




map size = 225
founded = 1840
seat = Austin | area_total_sq_mi =1022
area_land_sq_mi =989
area_water_sq_mi =33
area percentage = 3.21%
census yr = 2007
pop = 974,365
density_mi2 =985.2
density_km2 =380.4

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Travis County is located in the U.S. state of Texas. It is part of the Austin-Round Rock metropolitan area. In the 2007, the population was 974,365 and the county has gained almost 400,000 residents since 1990. Its county seat is Austin,GR|6 the capital of Texas. The county is named in honor of William Barret Travis, the commander of the Republic of Texas forces at the Battle of the Alamo.

Geography

Travis County is in Central Texas, about 75 miles northeast of San Antonio and 150 miles west of Houston. The Colorado River flows through Travis County, and three of the Texas Highland Lakes (Lake Travis, Lake Austin and Lady Bird Lake) are located there.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,022 square miles (2,647 km²). 989 square miles (2,562 km²) are land and 33 square miles (85 km²) (3.21%) are water.

Major highways

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Adjacent counties

*Williamson County (north)
*Bastrop County (east)
*Caldwell County (south)
*Hays County (southwest)
*Blanco County (west)
*Burnet County (northwest)

Demographics

As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 812,280 people, 320,766 households, and 183,798 families residing in the county. The population density was 821 people per square mile (317/km²). There were 335,881 housing units at an average density of 340 per square mile (131/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 68.21% White, 9.26% Black or African American, 0.58% Native American, 4.47% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 14.56% other races, and 2.85% from two or more races. 28.20% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 12.0% were of German, 7.7% English, 6.6% Irish and 5.5% American ancestry according to Census 2000. English the sole language spoken at home by 71.42% of the population age 5 or over, while 22.35% speaks Spanish, and a Chinese language (including Mandarin, Taiwanese, and Cantonese) is spoken by 1.05% [http://www.mla.org/map_data_results&state_id=48&county_id=453&mode=geographic&order=r] .

The 2005 American Community Survey conducted by the census indicated that 25.1% of Travis County's population spoke Spanish in the home.

In 2000 there were 320,766 households, of which 29.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.60% were married couples living together, 10.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.70% were non-families. 30.10% of all households were composed of individuals and 4.40% had someone living alone who was 65 or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.15.

The population's age distribution was 23.80% under the age of 18, 14.70% from 18 to 24, 36.50% from 25 to 44, 18.20% from 45 to 64, and 6.70% age 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 104.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 104.50 males.

The median income per household in the county was $46,761, and the median income per family was $58,555. Males had a median income of $37,242 versus $30,452 for females. The per capita income in the county was $25,883. About 7.70% of families and 12.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.90% of those under age 18 and 7.60% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns

(a portion of southern Round Rock also extends into northern Travis county)
(a portion of Elgin extends into Travis County)
*unincorporated community

Corrections

The Travis County Jail and the Travis County Criminal Justice Center are located in Downtown Austin. [" [http://www.tcsheriff.org/tcj.htm Travis County Jail (TCJ)] ." "Travis County Sheriff's Office". Accessed September 14, 2008.] [" [http://www.tcsheriff.org/cjc.htm Criminal Justice Center (CJC)] ." "Travis County Sheriff's Office". Accessed September 14, 2008.] The Travis County Correctional Complex is located in an unincorporated area in Travis County, next to Austin-Bergstrom International Airport. [" [http://www.tcsheriff.org/tccc.htm Travis County Correctional Complex (TCCC)] ." "Travis County Sheriff's Office". Accessed September 14, 2008.]

The Texas Department of Criminal Justice operates the Travis County Unit, a state jail for men, in eastern Austin. [" [http://www.tdcj.state.tx.us/stat/unitdirectory/ti.htm Travis County (TI)] ." "Texas Department of Criminal Justice". Accessed September 14, 2008.]

References

External links

* [http://traviscounty.org/ Travis County Information Center]
* [http://mail.traviscounty.org/ TravisCounty.org Free Web Mail]
* [http://www.co.travis.tx.us/ Travis County Government website]
*
* [http://www.TravisCountyLawLibrary.org Travis County Law Library]
*dmoz|Regional/North_America/United_States/Texas/Counties/Travis|Travis County, Texas


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