Geo Storm


Geo Storm

Infobox Automobile


name = Geo Storm
aka = Isuzu Gemini Coupe
Isuzu PA Nero (in Japan)
Asüna Sunfire(Canada)
manufacturer = Isuzu Motors
parent_company = General Motors
assembly = Fujisawa, Japan
production = 1990–1993
class = Sport compact
layout = FF layout
platform = GM R platform
predecessor=Geo Spectrum
body_style = 3-door hatchback
2-door station wagon
engine = 1.5 L SOHC I4 (Japan only)
1.6 L SOHC I4 (US, Canada only)
1.6 L DOHC I4
1.8 L DOHC I4
1.7 L diesel I4
transmission = 5-speed manual
3-speed automatic4-speed automatic
length = Base 1990-91: 163.4 in (4150 mm)
1990-91 GSi: 163.9 in (4163 mm)
1992-93: 164 in (4165 mm)
width = 66.7 in (1694 mm)
height = 51.1 in (1298 mm)
weight = 2282 lb (1035 kg)
wheelbase = 96.5 in (2450 mm)
related = Isuzu Gemini
Isuzu Stylus
Isuzu Impulse
Isuzu Piazza
Holden Piazza
Isuzu PA Nero
Asüna Sunfire
Isuzu I-Mark
Geo Spectrum
Ford Probe
similar = Hyundai Scoupe
Mazda MX-3
Toyota Paseo, Mitsubishi 3000GT
designer = Giorgetto Giugiaro
The Geo Storm was a sport compact car manufactured by Isuzu and sold in the United States by General Motors from 1990 through 1993 as part of GM's Geo line of inexpensive automobiles. The same vehicles, with minor variations, were sold in Canada in the 1992 & 1993 model years only. The Storm was intended to be a budget car with the look and feel of a sports car. It replaced the related Geo Spectrum, which was sold in hatchback and sedan, and like its predecessor, it is only sold in 2-door hatchback and station wagon.

The Geo Storm was a rebadged version of the sporty Isuzu Impulse minus some of that car's more expensive features. The Storm and the Impulse were sold in Japan as the Gemini Couperef|StormHistory. The Storm lacked the Impulse's Lotus-tuned suspension as well as the Impulse's optional turbocharger and all-wheel drive drivetrain. Although they were essentially the same car, sales of the Storm were much stronger than those of the Impulse—indeed, the Storm sold better than most small GM cars of that era. Slow sales of the Isuzu version doomed the Storm as when the Isuzu Impulse was canceled, the Geo Storm derivative had nothing to be built from, meaning both cars were discontinued in 1993.

The Storm was manufactured at Isuzu's main plant in Fujisawa, Kanagawa, Japan. The Storm and Impulse was sold in Canada by GM as the Asüna Sunfire.

Versions

The most common body style for the Storm was a three-door hatchback. The 1990 and 1991 hatchbacks were produced in two trim packages, but all Storms shared front disk and rear drum brakes and had an anti-sway bar to tighten the front suspension. The base model was priced at $10,390, and the "GSi" was $11,650 .USDref|May1990CarAndDriver

The base model's SOHC engine produced 95 hp (71 kW) and had a 9.1:1 compression ratio.ref|May1990CarAndDriver The more powerful 1990-1991 "GSi" used a 1.6L DOHC engine that produced 130 hp (97 kW) and had a 9.8:1 compression ratio.ref|May1990CarAndDriver. The "GSi" package also included driving lights, a spoiler, a rear anti-sway bar, and a transmission with a gear ratio that was slightly better for accelerationref|StormGearRatios than the base model's transmission.

For 1991 and 1992, customers had the option of purchasing a two-door station wagon body style, also called a wagonback. The base price of the station wagon was $11,450, and it was never offered with the stronger "GSi" engine. Oddly, the station wagon was marketed as a "hatchback" and the normal Storm - an actual hatchback - was marketed as a "coupé"ref|April1991CarAndDriver.

In 1992, the Storm was restyled to have a smoother front fascia without the pop-up headlight covers on earlier models. The 1992–93 base models retained the same engine, features, and price that were on the earlier car, with slight interior changes such as different stereos, revised rear speaker locations, and interior trim and upholstery. The GSi version from these years cost considerably more ($13,645–14,560) but this price included a larger 1.8 L 140 hp (104 kW) engine.


Performance

Modern sport compacts have faster acceleration and better handling, but the performance figures for the Storm were quite respectable for an economical compact car from that era. "AutoWeek"'s 1990 review of the storm was titled "Slick, Quick And Inexpensive", and described the car as "a good performer" that "handles better than the average new car."ref|April1990Autoweek When "Road & Track" compared ten sport compact cars they said the Storm had "the highest skidpad rating (0.85 "g"), sticks like pine tar to the autocross course, is second-quickest through the slalom and stops shorter from convert|80|mi/h|km/h|abbr=on than many highly respected sports cars".ref|May1993RoadAndTrack

Skid pad test figures ranged from 0.81 "g"ref|May1990CarAndDriver to 0.85 "g",ref|May1993RoadAndTrack meeting or exceeding those of the Mazda RX-7 convertible.ref|May1990CarAndDriver "Sport Compact Car" listed the Storm as number three in their "Top Ten of 1992".ref|Aug1992SportCompactCar "Hot Rod Magazine"'s Jeff Smith drove a Geo Storm that was set up for SCCA Super Productionref|SuperProduction racing and declared it to be "every bit as demanding and fun" as racing a Trans-Am series car.ref|Nov1991HotRod

Two different Geo Storm Celebrity Racesref|StormCelebrityRaces were held in 1991, the first on July 13 in Des Moines, Iowa, and the second on August 24 in Denver, Colorado. Although they are not the most common type of race cars, modified Storms are still occasionally used to compete in road racing, drag racing and autocross. One of the 2003 entries in the Grassroots Motorsports Challenge was a Storm GSi.ref|2003GRMchallenge

Reviews

The Storm sold well and was popular with owners, despite getting mixed reviews from automotive magazines. The body styling was "mildly controversial".ref|April1990Autoweek Kevin Smith of "Car and Driver" used phrases like "Planet Zarkon" and "space-capsulish" to describe the body, which he listed as one of the best and worst features of the Storm.ref|June1990CarAndDriver "AutoWeek" said that college-aged people tended to "shower the Storm with attention", but that baby boomers tended to "think that at best, the Storm is unusual looking, at worst, odd."ref|April1990Autoweek

The shape of the body was not the only thing automotive journalists criticized. The engine was described as a "buzzbomb"ref|May1990CarAndDriver or "just plain noisy".ref|April1990Autoweek A few reviewers disliked the suspension, saying the Storm has "above average body lean and needs more rebound control".ref|April1990Autoweek Some complained about the small cargo area, visibility and the absence of headroom for backseat passengers.ref|May1993RoadAndTrack

Other aspects of the Storm were more popular with magazine test drivers. Many praised the wide power band of the engine. "AutoWeek" said, "It revs quickly and easily. Running up to the 7600 rpm redline can be a delight."ref|April1990Autoweek "Automobile Magazine" liked the handling, saying, "It's a delight to negotiate twisty...roads with its firm yet compliant suspension."

till on the road

It has been over a decade since Geo Storms were produced, but they can still be found in the used car market where their primary selling points tend to be low cost and reliability, features that make them ideal cars for student commuters. "Hot Rod" magazine's Jeff Smith said, "The Storm is also exceptionally durable and easy to maintain."ref|Nov1991HotRod

Year to year changes

:1991: A "hatchback" (station wagon/wagonback) model was added, other than that, the Storm carried on unchanged.ref|May1990CarAndDriver:1992: All three models of the Storm got a new headlight cluster, tail light, and front clip. The GSI version also got a new spoiler and a larger DOHC engine which offered 10 extra hp.ref|May1993RoadAndTrack:1993: The wagonback was dropped, and the hp rating of the base model dropped from 95 to 90 which would be the Storm's final season.ref|CG

Overall, there were six versions of the storm; the GSi, station wagon and base models were all produced with both the original flip-up lights design and with the smoother look of the 1992-1993 model yearsref|StormVersionPics .

References

# [http://www.xs4all.nl/~mjs/storygemini.html History] of the Gemini series of cars from Isuzu.

#"Geo Storm GSi." (includes related articles) (evaluation). John Phillips III, Larry Griffin, Nicholas Bissoon-Dath and David Kunkler. Car and Driver v35.n11 (May 1990): pp61(5). (2378 words)
# [http://www.isuzuperformance.com/isupage/hist/specstorm.html Geo Storm Specifications]
#"Geo Storm Hatchback." (evaluation). Phil Berg. Car and Driver v36.n10 (April 1991): pp165(2). (836 words)
#"Slick, Quick and Inexpensive", Autoweek, April 16, 1990 (includes their own review, as well as quotes from owners and from the staff of other magazines like Motortrend, Car and Driver, and Automobile magazines.)
#"Little squirts: ten sporty point-and-shoot cars for a price that won't soak you." (includes related rating information from six reader/testers) (Evaluation). Kott, Douglas. Road & Track 44.n9 (May 1993): 56(12).
#"Top Ten of 1992; #3 Geo Storm"." Alan Paradise. Sport Compact Car. August 1992. P. 27-28.
# SpeedWorld's explanation of [http://www.speedvisionwc.com/history.html Super Production] cars and the World Escort Challenge
#"Storm Warning; Customizing Chevrolet Geo Storms for Racing". Jeff Smith. Hot Rod. November 1991. P. 60-62.
# Information on Geo Storm [http://www.isuzuperformance.com/isupage/feature/bsas.html Celebrity Races]
# [http://www.grmotorsports.com//archives/2003pictures.html photos] from the 2003 GRM challenge
#"The Bonsai GTs. (comparison test of the Nissan NX2000, Geo Storm GSi and Mazda MX-3 GS)" (includes article on the retirement of the Honda CRX) (evaluation). Richard Ceppos. Car and Driver v37.n5 (Nov 1991): pp112(7). (1941 words) From Professional Collection.
# [http://auto.consumerguide.com/auto/used/reviews/full/index.cfm/id/2166/ Consumerguide review on the Geo Storm]
# [http://www.cartalk.com/ct/survey/survey_results.jsp?make=Geo&model=Storm&year=0&x=122&y=23 CarTalk survey results for Storm Owners]
#"Eleven for thirteen. (quality sports cars under $13,000) (evaluation)." Smith, Kevin. Car and Driver 35.n12 (June 1990): 46(13)
#"Industry News (Race Prepped Storms)." Sport Compact Car. Summer 1991.
#"Geo Storm." All Chevy. November 1989.
#"Geo Storm." Super Chevy. December 1989.
# This site has [http://slothnet.com/cars/storm/GeoInfo.html pictures] of all storm versions

External links

* [http://www.xs4all.nl/~mjs/storygemini.html Geo Storm History]
* [http://www.isuzuperformance.com/isupage/hist/specstorm.html Storm pricing and specifications]
* In its first year, the [http://www.isuzuperformance.com/isupage/ Geo Storm outsold] GM's Cavalier, Sunbird, Corsica, and Beretta
* [http://www.stormaddicts.com Storm Addicts Website]
* [http://www.stormowners.com Geo Storm Owners Club/Forum]

Racing

* [http://www.isuzuperformance.com/isupage/ Isupage]
* [http://www.isuzuperformance.com/isupage/feature/sloc.html Steve Lockett's Storm configured for SCCA Improved Touring (ITB) Road Racing]
* [http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=-1431875134390375655 Video: Steve Lockett's 10.9 pass beats a camero at the drag strip]
* [http://www.sbrscca.org/solo/2005_points/Points_4/other.html Geo Storm autocrossing] .


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Geo Storm — Geo ist eine ehemalige US amerikanische Automobilmarke aus der Zeit von 1988 bis 1998. Im Hause der General Motors Corporation war Geo der Chevrolet Division unterstellt und bis 1991 dem US Markt vorbehalten. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Geschichte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Geo (Automarke) — Geo ist eine ehemalige US amerikanische Automobilmarke aus der Zeit von 1988 bis 1998. Im Hause der General Motors Corporation war Geo der Chevrolet Division unterstellt und bis 1991 dem US Markt vorbehalten. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Geo/Chevrolet Tracker — Geo ist eine ehemalige US amerikanische Automobilmarke aus der Zeit von 1988 bis 1998. Im Hause der General Motors Corporation war Geo der Chevrolet Division unterstellt und bis 1991 dem US Markt vorbehalten. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Geschichte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Geo Division — Geo ist eine ehemalige US amerikanische Automobilmarke aus der Zeit von 1988 bis 1998. Im Hause der General Motors Corporation war Geo der Chevrolet Division unterstellt und bis 1991 dem US Markt vorbehalten. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Geschichte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Geo Prizm — Geo ist eine ehemalige US amerikanische Automobilmarke aus der Zeit von 1988 bis 1998. Im Hause der General Motors Corporation war Geo der Chevrolet Division unterstellt und bis 1991 dem US Markt vorbehalten. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Geschichte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Geo Tracker — Geo ist eine ehemalige US amerikanische Automobilmarke aus der Zeit von 1988 bis 1998. Im Hause der General Motors Corporation war Geo der Chevrolet Division unterstellt und bis 1991 dem US Markt vorbehalten. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Geschichte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Geo (automobile) — Infobox Defunct Company company name = Geo company slogan = Get to know Geo fate = Merged into Chevrolet successor = foundation = 1988 defunct = 1998 location = Detroit, Michigan, United States industry = Automobile key people = products =… …   Wikipedia

  • Geo — Pour les articles homonymes, voir GEO. Logo de Geo Geo était une marque de voiture qui appartenait à General Motors. La marque est apparue en 1989 aux États Unis et elle fut absorbée par Chevrolet en 1998. À l origine, Geo avait é …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Storm (disambiguation) — A storm is a severe weather condition.Storm may also refer to: *Thunderstorm, a storm characterized by thunder, lightning and heavy rain *Hailstorm, a storm (often a thunderstorm) characterized by hail *Snowstorm, a storm depositing heavy falls… …   Wikipedia

  • Geo/Chevrolet Prizm — Manufacturer NUMMI Also called Geo Prizm (1990–1997) Chevrolet Prizm (1998–2002) Production 1989–2002 …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.