- Zavala County, Texas
Infobox U.S. County
county = Zavala County
state = Texas
map size = 250
founded = 1846
seat = Crystal City | area_total_sq_mi =1302
area percentage = 0.25%
census yr = 2000
pop = 11600
web = www.co.zavala.tx.us
Zavala County is a
countylocated in the U.S. stateof Texas. As of 2000, the population is 11,600. Its county seatis Crystal CityGR|6. Zavala is named for Lorenzo de Zavala, Mexican politician, signer of the Texas Declaration of Independence, and first vice president of the Republic of Texas.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,302
square miles (3,371 km²), of which, 1,298 square miles (3,363 km²) of it is land and 3 square miles (8 km²) of it (0.25%) is water.
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 11,600 people, 3,428 households, and 2,807 families residing in the county. The population densitywas 9 people per square mile (3/km²). There were 4,075 housing units at an average density of 3 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 65.06% White, 0.49% Black or African American, 0.59% Native American, 0.09% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 31.08% from other races, and 2.66% from two or more races. 91.22% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 3,428 households out of which 43.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.10% were married couples living together, 21.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 18.10% were non-families. 16.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.28 and the average family size was 3.70.
In the county, the population was spread out with 34.10% under the age of 18, 10.20% from 18 to 24, 25.60% from 25 to 44, 18.70% from 45 to 64, and 11.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29 years. For every 100 females there were 97.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.80 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $16,844, and the median income for a family was $19,418. Males had a median income of $22,045 versus $14,416 for females. The
per capita incomefor the county was $10,034. About 37.40% of families and 41.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 48.90% of those under age 18 and 42.40% of those age 65 or over. The county's per-capita income makes it one of the poorest counties in the United States.
Cities and towns
Winter Garden Region
* [http://www.co.zavala.tx.us/ Zavala County government's website]
*Handbook of Texas|id=ZZ/hcz2|name=Zavala County
* [http://texashistory.unt.edu/search/?q=%22United+States+-+Texas+-+Zavala+County%22&t=dc.coverage Historic Zavala County materials] , hosted by the [http://texashistory.unt.edu/ Portal to Texas History.]
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