Eishō (Muromachi period)


Eishō (Muromachi period)

nihongo|Eishō|永正| was a nihongo|Japanese era name|年号,| "nengō",| lit. "year name" after "Bunki" and before "Daiei." The period spanned the years from 1504 through 1521. The reigning emperor was nihongo|Go-Kashiwabara"-tennō"|後柏原天皇. [Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). "Annales des empereurs du Japon," pp. 364-370.]

Change of era

*; 1507: The era name was changed to mark the beginning of a new cycle of the Chinese zodiac. The previous era ended and a new one commenced in "Bunki" 4, on the 30th day of the 2nd month.

Events of the "Eishō" era

* "Eishō 1" (1504): A great famine. [Titsingh, p. 365.]
* "Eishō 2" (1505): Noda Castle built.
* "Eishō 5", in the 1st month (1508): A new revolt in Miyako and the assassination of Hosokawa Masamoto encouraged former-Shogun Ashikaga Yoshitane in believing that this would be a good opportunity to re-take Heian-kyō. He assembled his troups and marched at their head towards the capital; and by the 6th month of "Eishō" 5, he was once more in command of the streets of Miyako. Starting in 1508, Yoshitane is known as the Muromachi period's 10th shogun [Titsingh, p. 367. ]
* "Eishō 7" (September 21, 1510): Earthquake at Seionaikai (Latitude: 34.600/Longitude 135.400), 6.7 magnitude on the Richter Scale.Online "Significant Earthquake Database" -- U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC)] [http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov ...Click link to NOAA/Japan: Significant Earthquake Database]
* "Eishō 7" (October 10, 1510): Earthquake in the Enshunada Sea (Latitude: 34.500/Longitude: 137.600), 7.0 on the Richter Scale. [see above] ]
* "Eishō 8", on the 24th day of the 8th month (1511): Battle of Funaokayama. Former Shōgun Ashikaga Yoshitane returns from Tamba, fearing that Hosokawa Seiken is planning to attack Heian-kyō. Yoshitane's forces encamped at Funaokayama. Then, with the assistance of Ōuchi Yoshioki, Yoshitane entered the capital.
* "Eishō 9" (1512): Tamanawa Castle built.

Births of the "Eishō" era

* "Eishō 7" (1510): Oda Nobuhide, general and father of Oda Nobunaga [died "Tenbun" 20 (1551)] .
* "Eishō 7" (1510): Matsunaga Hisahide, general [died "Tenshō" 5 (1576)] .
* "Eishō 8" (1511): Ashikaga Yoshiharu, 12th Shōgun of the Muromachi Bakufu [died "Tenbun" 19 (1550)] .
* "Eishō 14", the 29th day of the 5th month (1517): Emperor Ōgimachi [died "Bunroku" 2 (1593)] .

Deaths of the "Eishō" era

* "Eishō 8", on the 14th day of the 8th month (September 6, 1511): Ashikaga Yoshizumi, 11th "Shōgun" of the "Muromachi Bakufu" [born "Bummei" 12 (1480)] .

References

* Titsingh, Isaac, ed. (1834). [Siyun-sai Rin-siyo/Hayashi Gahō, 1652] , "Nipon o daï itsi ran; ou, Annales des empereurs du Japon, tr. par M. Isaac Titsingh avec l'aide de plusieurs interprètes attachés au comptoir hollandais de Nangasaki; ouvrage re., complété et cor. sur l'original japonais-chinois, accompagné de notes et précédé d'un Aperçu d'histoire mythologique du Japon, par M. J. Klaproth." Paris: Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland. [http://books.google.com/books?id=18oNAAAAIAAJ&dq=nipon+o+dai+itsi+ran ... Click link for digitized, full-text copy of this book (in French)]

External links

* National Diet Library, "The Japanese Calendar" [http://www.ndl.go.jp/koyomi/e/ -- historical overview plus illustrative images from library's collection]


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