- Ayn Rand Institute
The Ayn Rand Institute: The Center for the Advancement of Objectivism (ARI) is a
501(c)(3)nonprofit think tank in Irvine, Californiathat promotes Ayn Rand's philosophy, called Objectivism. It was established in 1985, three years after Rand's death, by Leonard Peikoff, Rand's legal heir. Its executive director is Yaron Brook.
ARI's stated goal is:
...to spearhead a cultural renaissance that will reverse the anti-reason, anti-individualism, anti-freedom, anti-capitalist trends in today's culture. The major battleground in this fight for reason and capitalism is the educational institutions—high schools and, above all, the universities, where students learn the ideas that shape their lives. [cite web | url=http://www.aynrand.org/site/PageServer?pagename=about_ari | title="About ARI"]
ARI is mainly an educational organization, but also has "outreach programs." Its various programs include classes on Objectivism and related subjects offered through its
Objectivist Academic Center, public lectures, Op-Edsarticles, letters to the editor, competitions for essays about Rand's novels, materials for Objectivist campus clubs, supplying Rand's writings to schools and professors, and providing intellectuals for radio and TV interviews.
History and context
Leonard Peikoff, Ayn Rand's designated legal and intellectual heir, founded the Ayn Rand Institute in 1985, three years after her death. Both Rand and Peikoff had expressed negative thoughts concerning the formation of bureaucraticorganizations designed to promote Objectivism. Rand never intended that Objectivism would become an organized movement (especially not with her "leading" the movement), but she approved of rational individuals with the same ideas working toward a common goal. Peikoff was initially wary of creating ARI, but was eventually persuaded to do so, and in 2006 he commented that he approves of the work ARI has done [Peikoff quoted from his biography, "Leonard Peikoff: In His Own Words" http://www.aynrandbookstore2.com/prodinfo.asp?number=LP80DV] .
The Institute was originally headquartered in
Marina del Rey, Californiaand its executive director was Dr. Mike Berliner. In 2000, Dr. Yaron Brookreplaced Dr. Berliner as executive director and the Institute was moved to Irvine, California.
Free books to schools
ARI offers to give to high schools classroom sets of Ayn Rand's novels "Anthem", "
The Fountainhead", and " Atlas Shrugged". [ [http://www.aynrand.org/site/PageServer?pagename=about_ari The Ayn Rand Institute: About ARI ] ] ARI also continues this program at the university level by offering professors free review copies of Rand's writings.
Student essay contests
ARI sponsors essay contests on "Anthem", "The Fountainhead", and "Atlas Shrugged". Students from across the United States, and sometimes other countries, submit essays based on questions about Rand's novels which stress her ideas and their importance in today's world.
The Anthem essay contest is for 9th and 10th graders with a top prize of $2,000, the Fountainhead essay contest is for 11th and 12th graders with a top prize of $10,000, and the Atlas Shrugged essay contest is for high school seniors entering college and full-time college students, with a top prize of $10,000.
The Institute has offered 521 prizes for the 2008 contests, totalling $81,250. [ [http://www.aynrand.org/site/PageServer?pagename=education_contests_index The Ayn Rand Institute: Essay Contests ] ]
ARI offers copies of essays, pamphlets, and recorded lectures, and provides live speakers to Objectivist clubs at universities and high schools. [ [http://www.aynrand.org/site/PageServer?pagename=education_campus_index The Ayn Rand Institute: Student Clubs ] ]
The Objectivist Academic Center
ARI runs an educational program called the Objectivist Academic Center (OAC), which conducts classes on Objectivism and related fields.
ARI offers financial assistance to students applying to graduate school, and provides mentors for OAC students.
ARI offers free copies and classroom sets of Rand's books to professors, as well as class syllabi which include Ayn Rand.
Intellectuals from ARI often appear on radio and television, and their Op-Ed articles and letters to the editor have appeared in many major newspapers.
ARI fellows frequently give public lectures in Orange County, California. They also lecture elsewhere, including college campuses across the U.S.
Ayn Rand Bookstore
ARI operates the Ayn Rand Bookstore, which sells lectures and other materials from Objectivists.
ARI organizes a conference each summer which features lectures and dance classes from Objectivists.
Views on religion in politics
Atheismbeing a tenet of Objectivism, ARI promotes the separation of church and state, and its writers argue that the Religious Right poses a threat to individual rights. [http://www.aynrand.org/site/News2?page=NewsArticle&id=6179] Its writers have argued against displaying religious symbols (such as the Ten Commandments) in government facilities [ [http://www.aynrand.org/site/News2?page=NewsArticle&id=10889 The Ayn Rand Institute: The Ten Commandments vs. America (Providence Journal, Louisville Courier-Journal) ] ] and against faith-based initiatives. [http://www.aynrand.org/site/News2?page=NewsArticle&id=7475] The Institute argues that religion is incompatible with American ideals [ [http://www.aynrand.org/site/News2?page=NewsArticle&id=5360 The Ayn Rand Institute: Religion vs. America ] ] and opposes the teaching of " intelligent design" in public schools. [http://www.aynrand.org/site/News2?news_iv_ctrl=-1&page=NewsArticle&id=11555] ARI also supports women's right to choose abortion, [ [http://www.aynrand.org/site/News2?page=NewsArticle&id=5329 The Ayn Rand Institute: Supreme Court Should Protect Right to Abortion in Current Partial-Birth Case ] ] voluntary euthanasia, and assisted suicide. [ [http://www.aynrand.org/site/News2?page=NewsArticle&id=10953 The Ayn Rand Institute: A Culture of Living Death (San Francisco Chronicle, Louisville Courier-Journal, South Florida Sun-Sentinel) ] ]
Views on Islam and the War on Terror
ARI has taken many controversial positions with respect to the
They hold that the motivation for Islamic terrorism comes from
Muhammad's own teachings, not "poverty" nor a reaction to Western policies. [ [http://www.aynrand.org/site/News2?page=NewsArticle&id=13279&news_iv_ctrl=1064 The Ayn Rand Institute: The Terrorists' Motivation: Islam (Canberra Times, Fort Worth Star Telegram) ] ]
They have urged that the US use overwhelming, retaliatory force to "end states who sponsor terrorism," using whatever means are necessary to end the threat. [http://www.aynrand.org/site/News2?news_iv_ctrl=-1&page=NewsArticle&id=5207] In his article "Ends States Who Sponsor Terrorism," which was published as a full page ad in the
New York Times, Leonard Peikoffwrote:
The choice today is mass death in the United States or mass death in the terrorist nations. Our Commander-In-Chief must decide whether it is his duty to save Americans or the governments who conspire to kill them.
In response to the Muhammad cartoons controversy, ARI started a Free Speech Campaign.
Though some at ARI initially supported the invasion of Iraq, it opposes how the Iraq War is now being handled. [ [http://www.aynrand.org/site/News2?page=NewsArticle&id=13587&news_iv_ctrl=1021 The Ayn Rand Institute: What We Owe Our Soldiers (The Capital Times & Wisconsin State Journal) ] ]
Since October 2, 2001, the Institute has held that
Iranshould be the primary target in the war against "Islamic totalitarianism." [ [http://www.aynrand.org/site/News2?news_iv_ctrl=-1&page=NewsArticle&id=5207 The Ayn Rand Institute: "End States Who Sponsor Terrorism" ] ]
The Institute is generally supportive of
Israel, [http://www.aynrand.org/site/News2?page=NewsArticle&id=5171] though critical of some aspects of Zionism. [ [http://www.jpost.com/servlet/Satellite?cid=1184168546756&pagename=JPost%2FJPArticle%2FPrinter 'You don't fight a tactic' | Jerusalem Post ] ] .
Environmentalism and animal rights
ARI is highly critical of
environmentalismand animal rights, arguing that they are destructive of human well-being. [ [http://www.aynrand.org/site/News2?page=NewsArticle&id=5200 The Ayn Rand Institute: Man vs. Nature (Sacramento Bee) ] ] [ [http://www.aynrand.org/site/PageServer?pagename=objectivism_animal_rights The Ayn Rand Institute: Animal Rights and the New Man Haters ] ]
Diversity, affirmative action, and multiculturalism
The Institute is also highly critical of diversity and
affirmative actionprograms, as well as multiculturalism, arguing that they are based on racist premises. [ [http://www.aynrand.org/site/News2?page=NewsArticle&id=7126 The Ayn Rand Institute: Multiculturalism: The New Racism ] ] [ [http://www.aynrand.org/site/PageServer?pagename=media_topic_racism_and_diversity The Ayn Rand Institute: Racism and Diversity ] ]
Charity Navigator, which rates charitable and educational organizations to inform potential donors, gives ARI three out of four stars. According to the latest data from Charity Navigator, the Institute spends 80.6% of its expenses on programs, 11.3% on fundraising, and only 8% on administration. [ [http://charitynavigator.org/index.cfm?bay=search.summary&orgid=8345 Charity Navigator Rating - The Ayn Rand Institute ] ]
Board of Directors
*Michael S. Berliner
ARI speakers and writers
*Michael S. Berliner
Thomas A. Bowden
Edwin A. Locke
John A. Allison IV
* [http://www.aynrand.org The Ayn Rand Institute] — The Center for the Advancement of Objectivism
ites critical of ARI
* [http://www.atlassociety.org The Atlas Society] — originally Institute of Objectivist Studies, founded in 1990 after split from ARI
* [http://www.lewrockwell.com/orig8/theroux2.html The Moral Poverty That 'Self-Esteem' Requires War] — Christian anarchist David J. Theroux criticizing ARI's atheism, politics, and ethics
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