IMAGE (from "Imager for Magnetopause-to-Aurora Global Exploration"), or Explorer 78, was a
NASAMIDEX mission that studied the global response of the Earth's magnetosphereto changes in the solar wind. It was launched March 25, 2000by a Delta IIrocket from Vandenberg AFB and ceased operations in December 2005.
The IMAGE craft was placed in a 1,000×46,000 km
orbitaround the Earth, with an inclinationof 90° (passing over the poles) and a 14.2 hour period. IMAGE was the first spacecraft dedicated to observing the magnetosphere of the Earth, and it produced comprehensive global images of plasma in the inner magnetosphere. It did this using five instruments:
* Neutral Atom Imagers (LENA, MENA, HENA)
Ultraviolet(FUV) Imaging System
* Extreme Ultraviolet (EUV) Imager
* Radio Plasma Imager (RPI)
* Central Instrument Data Processor (CIDP)
The CIDP as well as the Command & Data Handling Subsystem (main on-board computer) of the craft were built around the mission-proven
* [http://image.gsfc.nasa.gov/ IMAGE NASA page] , with [http://pluto.space.swri.edu/IMAGE/spacecraft_table.html tabular presentation of key spacecraft details]
* [http://pluto.space.swri.edu/IMAGE/ Southwest Research Institute]
* [http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/database/MasterCatalog?sc=2000-017A NSSDC Master Catalog information on the IMAGE mission]
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