- Bob Krueger
name = Robert Charles Krueger
imagesize = 150px
order = Junior
United States Senator
January 21, 1993
June 14, 1993
Kay Bailey Hutchison
order2 = Member of the
United States House of Representativesfrom Texas's 21st district
January 3, 1975
January 3, 1979
Ovie Clark Fisher
June 19, 1994
September 10, 1995
Cynthia Shepard Perry
Morris N. Hughes Jr.
July 13, 1996
December 6, 1999
Howard Franklin Jeter
John E. Lange
September 19, 1935(age 72)
New Braunfels, Texas
party = Democrat
New Braunfels, Texas, Krueger earned a B.A. from Southern Methodist Universityin 1957 and an M.A. from Duke Universityin 1958. He went to Merton College, Oxfordearning a D.Phil. in English literature in 1964. He taught English literature as a professor and was later vice provost and Dean of the Trinity College of Arts and Sciencesat Duke University. His edition of the poems of Sir John Davies was published by the Clarendon Press, Oxford in 1975.
Krueger held business positions as chairman of the board of Comal Hosiery Mills and managing partner of the Krueger Brangus Ranch before entering elective office. Krueger was elected to the 94th and 95th United States Congresses, serving from
January 3, 1975to January 3, 1979. Krueger was initially elected to the U.S. House of Representativesto represent ushr|Texas|21, then the largest congressional district in Texas, stretching from northern San Antonioto Big Bend National Parkin far west Texas. Krueger was part of the large "Watergate Class" of 1974, many of whom were Democrats who owed their election to the scandal that brought the resignation of President Richard Nixonthree months before the election. Of 92 freshman elected that year, Krueger was voted "most effective" by his colleagues for his articulate advocacy of causes, particularly a sound national energy policy based upon his knowledge of the oil and gas industry in Texas. Krueger was reelected for a second House term in 1976 along with the election of Jimmy Carteras president, whose term was also marked by the development of an energy policy that included the creation of the Department of Energy as a Cabinet office.
Krueger's success as a congressman representing a large district in an important state led him to challenge incumbent Republican
John Towerin 1978 for a U.S. Senate seat from Texas, but Krueger narrowly lost the contest by .3%. In July 1979, the Spanish-fluent Krueger was appointed by President Carter as Ambassador-at-Large and Coordinator for Mexican Affairs at the Department of State and served the remainder of the Carter presidency until 1981.
Krueger served in several academic lectureship positions at the
University of North Texas(then known as North Texas State University), the University of Texas at Austin, Rice University, and Southern Methodist Universityin the 1980s following his service in federal government. From 1985 to 1989, he also wrote a regular column on a broad range of public affairs issues, which was carried in newspapers in San Antonio, Dallas, Houston, and Corpus Christi, Texas.
In 1990, Krueger returned to elective office in Texas, serving on the oddly-named
Texas Railroad Commission, which is responsible for oil and gas regulation in the state. In his candidacy, Krueger received the most votes of any contested candidate on the primary ballot of either major party and defeated his general election opponent by a 16 percent margin. A forceful advocate for alternative energy and trucking deregulation, Krueger was selected by Governor Ann Richardsin 1993 to the U.S. Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Lloyd Bentsen, who became Secretary of the Treasuryin President Clinton's cabinet. He served from January 21, 1993until June 14, 1993. Owing to low overall voter turnout (only 8 percent among Democrats) and the relative unpopularity of Clinton in Texas, Krueger lost the June 1993 special election runoff for the remainder of the term ending January 4, 1995by a 2-to-1 margin to the popular Texas state Treasurer, Republican Kay Bailey Hutchison.
Capitalizing on Krueger's reputation and experience in diplomacy, President Clinton offered Krueger an ambassadorship following his short Senate career. Krueger let it be known he was not interested in "white gloves and chandeliers" but instead wanted to advance democratic interests in a developing country. Clinton thus named Krueger as Ambassador to
Burundi, which had been beset with violence in recent preceding years and whose ethnic make-up was the same as that of adjoining Rwanda, whose Hutu and Tutsi tribes had experienced a bloody civil war only months before Krueger began his service in May 1994. His family was initially not allowed to join him in Burundi due to the threat of violence.
As the American emissary in a small country without much strategic voice, Krueger was constantly sought out by Burundi natives to draw attention to human rights abuses in the country, and Krueger did not shy away from expressing concern about those matters to either the Burundi government or the American public back in the United States, including during a "Nightline" interview with Ted Koppel. The outspoken Krueger served in Burundi until 1995, when his convoy was ambushed in Cibitoke province. In 1996, he was appointed U.S. Ambassador to
Botswanaand concurrently Special Representative of the Secretary of State to the Southern African Development Community. He held those posts until 2000, when he became a Visiting Fellow at Merton College, Oxford and began to write a memoir of his time in central Africa. It was published as "From Bloodshed to Hope in Burundi: Our Embassy Years during Genocide" by the University of Texas Press in September 2007 [http://www.utexas.edu/utpress/books/krufro.html] .
Krueger is married to the former Kathleen Tobin of Bandera, Texas, and has 2 daughters, Mariana and Sarah and a son named Christian. Several years ago, Krueger and his family were the victims of a former employee who stalked them. Their plight led to the passage of anti-stalking legislation in Texas.
* [http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=K000333 Congressional biography]
* [http://projects.washingtonpost.com/congress/members/k000333/ Voting record maintained by the Washington Post]
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