- Wise County, Virginia
Wise County, Virginia
Location in the state of Virginia
Virginia's location in the U.S.
Founded 1856 Named for Henry A. Wise Seat Wise Largest city Wise Area
405 sq mi (1,050 km²)
404 sq mi (1,047 km²)
1 sq mi (3 km²), 0.29%
99.1/sq mi (38.2/km²)
Time zone Eastern : -5/ Website www.wisecounty.org
Wise County is a county located in the U.S. state of Virginia. In 1856, the county was formed from land taken from Lee, Scott, and Russell Counties. It was named after Henry A. Wise, who was the Governor of Virginia at the time. As of 2010, the population was 41,452, making it the largest jurisdiction in terms of population outside of any metropolitan area in Virginia. Its county seat is Wise.
- 1 Geography
- 2 Demographics
- 3 Cities and towns
- 4 Education
- 5 Media
- 6 Tourist attractions
- 7 References
- 8 External links
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 405 square miles (1,050 km²), of which 404 square miles (1,046 km²) is land and 1 square mile (3 km²) (0.29%) is water. The county is part of the Appalachians and has many mountainous features, including the peak of High Knob and Powell Valley.
Adjacent counties and cities
- Letcher County, Kentucky - northwest
- Pike County, Kentucky - north
- Dickenson County - northeast
- Russell County - east
- Scott County - south
- Lee County - southwest
- Harlan County, Kentucky - west
- Norton, Virginia – enclaved within the county
- U.S. Route 23
- U.S. Route 58 Alternate
- State Route 63
- State Route 72
- State Route 83
National protected area
- Jefferson National Forest (part)
Historical populations Census Pop. %± 1860 4,508 — 1870 4,785 6.1% 1880 7,772 62.4% 1890 9,345 20.2% 1900 19,653 110.3% 1910 34,162 73.8% 1920 46,500 36.1% 1930 51,167 10.0% 1940 52,458 2.5% 1950 56,336 7.4% 1960 43,579 −22.6% 1970 35,947 −17.5% 1980 43,863 22.0% 1990 39,573 −9.8% 2000 40,123 1.4% 2010 41,452 3.3%
As of the census of 2000, there were 40,123 people, 16,013 households, and 11,513 families residing in the county. The population density was 99 people per square mile (38/km²). There were 17,792 housing units at an average density of 44 per square mile (17/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.88% White, 1.78% Black or African American, 0.16% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.26% from other races, and 0.61% from two or more races. 0.73% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 16,013 households out of which 31.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.20% were married couples living together, 12.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.10% were non-families. 25.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.91.
In the county, the population was spread out with 23.00% under the age of 18, 10.20% from 18 to 24, 28.00% from 25 to 44, 24.80% from 45 to 64, and 13.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 95.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.60 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $26,149, and the median income for a family was $32,898. Males had a median income of $28,983 versus $21,029 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,271. About 16.10% of families and 20.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.30% of those under age 18 and 12.30% of those age 65 or over.
Cities and towns
- Big Stone Gap
- St. Paul
- The independent city of Norton lies within the confines of Wise County, but is not a part of the county.
Wise County Public Schools operates seventeen school facilities in the county for over 7,000 students. For several years the Wise County School Board has considered consolidating high school, and in 2011 it voted to close its three smallest high schools and consolidate them into the three largest high schools. As of July 2011 the issue is tied up in a legal and financial dispute.
Wise County Christian School operates as a private school in the county.
Colleges and universities
- The Clinch Valley Times is a weekly newspaper serving Castlewood and St. Paul, Virginia, and the surrounding areas.
- The Coalfield Progress  is a biweekly newspaper covering news through the county.
- The Post also at  is a weekly newspaper serving Big Stone Gap, Virginia and the surrounding areas.
Natural and Outdoor Recreation
A large portion of the Jefferson National Forest is contained within Wise County, and the Clinch River winds through the county. These two factors, combined with Wise County's location in the Appalachian Mountains, mean that Wise County offers many opportunities for outdoor recreation.
In addition to many trails connecting to and surrounding the Appalachian Trail system, Wise county is home to many parks, including Miners' Park in Big Stone Gap and the Louis E. Henegar Miners' Memorial Park in Appalachia.
Among the unique features of Wise County are High Knob, a mountain which featured one of the last remaining Appalachian Fire Towers until its destruction by arson on October 31, 2007, and Wetlands Estonoa, an Appalachian Wetland and part of the Clinch River Watershed.
Theater and the Arts
- The Trail of the Lonesome Pine Outdoor Drama is performed in Big Stone Gap, Virginia throughout the summer. It is the Commonwealth of Virginia's official outdoor drama.
- The Pro-Art Association offers a variety of theatrical, musical, and fine-arts events throughout the school year. It is headquartered in Wise.
- The Wise County Summer Academy of Art, sponsored by Wise County Public Schools and funded in part by the Virginia Commission of Arts, provides fine arts programming for children throughout the summer months, including large scale productions and touring performance opportunities.
- The Appalachian Children's Theater (ACT) promotes performing arts and fine arts education for children in Southwest Virginia, Eastern Kentucky, and Northeast Tennessee. In 2006, the organization opened its newly renovated facility in Downtown Wise. 
- The Charles W. Harris Art Gallery is located on the site of the Wise County Public Library in Wise.
Festivals and Fairs
- Clinch River Days takes place in St. Paul each spring. 
- The Virginia-Kentucky District Fair is held each summer in Wise.
- The Wise County Famous Fall Fling is an annual event held in Downtown Wise. 
- Coeburn holds its annual Guest River Rally over the Labor Day weekend in September.
- Appalachia Coal Railroad Days is held each summer in Appalachia.
- Pound Heritage Days is held annually the week before Labor Day in Pound.
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Wise County, Virginia
- Southwest Virginia Museum Historical State Park
- Wise County Courthouse
- High Knob Lookout Tower
- Colonial Hotel
- E. M. Fulton House
- Lonesome Pine Raceway
- ^ Virginia Population Estimates. Weldon Cooper Center for Public Service, University of Virginia. Retrieved 2011-11-19.
- ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- ^ School Information
- ^ June 23: Mediator sought
- ^ Spark It Up!!!: High Knob Tower Burns
- Wise County, Virginia's Official Website
- Interactive Geographic Information System
- Wise County Church History DataBase
- A guide to Outdoor Recreation in Southwest Virginia
Letcher County, Kentucky Pike County, Kentucky Dickenson County Harlan County, Kentucky Russell County Wise County, Virginia Lee County Scott County Municipalities and communities of Wise County, Virginia Towns CDP
‡This populated place also has portions in an adjacent county or counties
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Wise County (Virginia) — Verwaltung US Bundesstaat: Virginia Verwaltungssitz: Wise Adresse des Verwaltungssitzes: County Courthouse P.O. Box 570 Wise, VA 24293 0570 Gründung: 1856 … Deutsch Wikipedia
National Register of Historic Places listings in Wise County, Virginia — Map of all coordinates from Google Map of all coordinates from Bing … Wikipedia
Wise County — is the name of several counties in the United States:* Wise County, Texas * Wise County, Virginia … Wikipedia
Virginia State Route 603 (Wise County) — Infobox road state=VA type=secondary route=603 length mi=6.8 length ref=PDFlink| [http://www.virginiadot.org/info/resources/AADT 097 Wise 2005.pdf 2005 Virginia Department of Transportation Jurisdiction Report Daily Traffic Volume Estimates Wise… … Wikipedia
Wise County — Es gibt in den Vereinigten Staaten zwei Countys mit dem Namen Wise County: Wise County (Texas) Wise County (Virginia) Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit demselben Wort bezeich … Deutsch Wikipedia
Wise County Public Schools (Virginia) — Wise County Public Schools is a school district based in Wise, Virginia in Wise County. It operates 5 elementary/primary schools, 1 combined school, 3 middle schools, 6 high schools, an alternative school and a vocational technical… … Wikipedia
Wise County (Texas) — Wise County Courthouse, gelistet im NRHP mit der Nr. 76002085 Verwaltung US Bundesstaat … Deutsch Wikipedia
Wise County, Texas — Infobox U.S. County county = Wise County founded = 1856 state = Texas map size = 250 seat = Decatur | area total sq mi =923 area land sq mi =905 area water sq mi =18 area percentage = 1.97% census yr = 2000 pop = 48793 density km2 =8 web = www.co … Wikipedia
Wise County Christian School — Infobox HighSchool (American) name = Wise County Christian School Principal = Carson Slone rival = Gate City Christian School mascot = Eagles athletics =Basketball,Tennis,and Volleyball city = Wise state = Virginia country = United States colors … Wikipedia
Wise County Courthouse — The Wise County Courthouse is located at 206 East Main Street in downtown Wise, Virginia. As well as being home to Wise County s judicial system, it also serves as the chief administrative building for the county. It was built in 1896 to replace… … Wikipedia