- Mental property
A mental property or a mind property is a property of a/the mind. Mental properties are studied by many sciences and parasciences. Some of these sciences are: psychology, cognitive sciences and recently also systemics.
There are three main scientific approaches to the study/modeling of mind (properties).
- The primary is the classical one, which considers mind as an intrinsic property of the human brain only.
- The second is focused on engineering research for the development of an abstract/synthetic mind/brain for robots and computers which satisfies requested functional properties.
- The third is the most recent area of research, dealing with a concept of generalized/universal and synthetic mind as a possible or existing property of the Universe. Such research is the common interdisciplinary domain of interest of the philosophy of mind, artificial intelligence and different systemic and meta-systemic approaches with a strong contribution from physicists and mathematicians.
The basic concrete objective of all these approaches is to develop a model of mind/intelligence which could be implemented on a computer and could be considered sufficiently "human-like" to be mistaken for another human mind by a naive observer[dubious ].
Philosophy of mind perspective
A simple concrete example: If someone pricks you with a pin, you will most likely feel pain. That instance of feeling pain is an instantiation of the property being in (or a) pain. It is important to distinguish between the predicate 'is a pain' which is a linguistic entity, and the property denoted by the predicate. This becomes important in the philosophy of mind when the two are confused, especially concerning intertheoretic reductionism and ontological reductionism[why?].
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